Rules are no longer merely made by states, but increasingly by international organizations and other international bodies. At the same time these rules do impact the daily life of citizens and companies as it has become increasingly difficult to draw dividing lines between international, EU and domestic law. This book introduces the notion of ‘multilevel regulation’ as a way to study these normative processes and the interplay between different legal orders. It indicates that many rules in such areas as trade, financial cooperation, food safety, pharmaceuticals, security, terrorism, civil aviation, environmental protection or the internet find their origin in international cooperation. Apart from mapping multilevel regulation on the basis of a number of case studies, the book analyses its consequences in relation to forms of legal protection and legitimacy. In that respect it proposes an agenda for research to study how to cope with multilevel regulation.
This book offers valuable resources for researchers involved in studying the interplay between international, European and domestic law. For practitioners it offers background information on the ways in which many international rules come into being.
- Jan Wouters, Ramses Wessel, & Andreas Follesdal, Multilevel Regulation and the EU: A Brief Introduction
- Ramses Wessel & Jan Wouters, The Phenomenon of Multilevel Regulation: Interactions between Global, EU and National Regulatory Spheres
- Bärbel R. Dorbeck-Jung, Challenges to the Legitimacy of International Regulation: The Case of Pharmaceuticals Standardisation
- Caroline Bradley, Financial Trade Associations and Multilevel Regulation
- Bart De Meester, Multilevel Banking Regulation: An Assessment of the Role of the EC in the Light of Coherence and Democratic Legitimacy
- Robert Uerpmann-Wittzack, Multilevel Internet Governance Involving the European Union, Nation States and NGOs
- Erling Johannes Husabø, The Interaction between Global, Regional and National Regulation in the Definition of Terrorism
- Mirjam Kars & Helen Stout, The Transatlantic Common Aviation Area: Competing Legal Orders and State Self-Interest
- Rory Stephen Brown, How Do Judges Cope with Multilevel Regulation?
- Clemens A. Feinäugle, Legal Protection of the Individual Against UN Sanctions in a Multilevel System
- Christina Eckes, Trapped between Courts or How Terrorist Suspects Lost Their Right to a Remedy
- Mielle Bulterman, Multilevel Economic Regulation and the EC Protection of Fundamental Rights
- Andrea Keessen, Reducing the Judicial Deficit in Multilevel Environmental Regulation: The Example of Plant Protection Products
- Andrea Ott, Multilevel Regulations Reviewed by Multilevel Jurisdictions: The ECJ, the National Courts and the ECtHR
- Nikolaos Lavranos, Hierarchy in Multilevel Regulation
- Andreas Follesdal, Epilogue: Toward More Legitimate Multilevel Regulation