The 'Legal Pluriverse' Surrounding Multinational Military Operations conceptualizes and examines the "Pluriverse": the multiplicity of rules that apply to and regulate contemporary multinational missions, and the array of actors involved. These operations are further complicated by changes to the classification of the conflict, and the asymmetry of obligations on participants.
Structured into five parts, this work seeks, through the diversity of its authorship, to set out the web of legal regimes applicable to military operations including forces from more than one state. It maps out the ways in which different regimes interact, beginning with the laws of armed conflict and their relation to international humanitarian and human rights norms, and extending through to areas like law of the sea and environmental law.
A variety of contributors systematically compile and take stock of the various legal regimes that make up the pluriverse, assessing how these rules interact, exposing norm conflicts, areas of legal uncertainty, or protective loopholes. In this way, they identify and evaluate approaches to better streamline the different applicable legal frameworks with a view to enhancing cooperation and thereby ensuring the long-term success of multinational military operations.
Tuesday, December 31, 2019
- Md Jahid Hossain Bhuiyan & Borhan Uddin Khan, International Legal Protection of Persons Affected by War: Challenges and the Way Forward
- Borhan Uddin Khan & Mohammad Nazmuzzaman Bhuian, The Development of the Geneva Conventions
- Md Jahid Hossain Bhuiyan, The Legal Status and Protection of the Rights of Prisoners of War
- Etienne Henry, The Prohibition of Deportation and Forcible Transfer of Civilian Populations in the Fourth Geneva Convention and Beyond
- Yutaka Arai-Takahashi, Persons aboard Medical Aircraft Who Fall into the Hands of a Neutral Power – the Scope of Their Liability to Detention under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Additional Protocol I
- Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez, Forced Transfer of Aliens during Armed Conflicts
- Noelle Higgins, The Geneva Conventions and Non-International Armed Conflicts
- Srinivas Burra, Four Geneva Conventions of 1949: A Third World View
- M Rafiqul Islam, Criminalising Rape and Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts: Evolving Criminality and Culpability from the Geneva Conventions to the Bangladesh International Crimes Trial
- Mohd Hisham Mohd Kamal, Principles of Distinction, Proportionality and Precautions under the Geneva Conventions: the Perspective of Islamic Law
- Borhan Uddin Khan & Nakib M. Nasrullah, Implementation of International Humanitarian Law and the Current Challenges
- Derek Jinks, The Geneva Conventions and Enforcement of International Humanitarian Law
- Adam B Lerner, Theorizing Collective Trauma in International Political Economy
- Orit Gazit, Van Gennep Meets Ontological (In)Security: A Processual Approach to Ontological Security in Migration
- Jennifer Thomson, The Women, Peace, and Security Agenda and Feminist Institutionalism: A Research Agenda
- Amnon Aran & Leonie Fleischmann, Framing and Foreign Policy—Israel's Response to the Arab Uprisings
- Andrew Delatolla & Joanne Yao, Racializing Religion: Constructing Colonial Identities in the Syrian Provinces in the Nineteenth Century
- Jenny Hedström, Confusion, Seduction, Failure: Emotions as Reflexive Knowledge in Conflict Settings
- Gëzim Visoka, Critique and Alternativity in International Relations
- Sarah Smith, The Production of Legitimacy: Race and Gender in Peacebuilding Praxis
- From chattel slavery to ‘modern slavery’: The role for human dignity in the struggle against contemporary forms of human exploitation
- Introduced by Silvia Borelli and Maria Chiara Vitucci
- Pasquale De Sena, Slaveries and new slaveries: Which role for human dignity?
- Silvia Scarpa, Conceptual unclarity, human dignity and contemporary forms of slavery: An appraisal and some proposals
- Eunice Chua, Enforcement Of International Mediated Settlement Agreements In Asia: A Path Towards Convergence
- Stavroula Angoura, Arbitrator’S Impartiality Under Article V(1)(D) Of The New York Convention
- Judy Li Zhu, Time To Loosen Up On Ad Hoc Arbitration In China?
- From the Board: Rule of Law Challenges in Europe: A Matter of Economic Constitutional Law
- Tony Prosser, The Rule of Law, Economic Constitutions and Institutional Balance
- Eleanor M. Fox, Antitrust and Democracy: How Markets Protect Democracy, Democracy Protects Markets, and Illiberal Politics Threatens to Hijack Both
- Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel, Member States in the EU Economic Constitution: Rule of Law Challenges and Opportunities
- Maciej Bernatt, Rule of Law Crisis, Judiciary and Competition Law
- Christopher Harding, Enforcement Inconsistency in EU Competition Cases as a Rule of Law Problem
- Kathrin Betz, Stéphane Bonifassi, Nadia Darwazeh, & Mark Pieth, Navigating Through Corruption and Money Laundering in International Arbitration: A Toolkit for Arbitrators and Counsel
- Jörg Risse, The Future of Arbitration: A Poet’s Prophecy
- Michal Kaczmarczyk & Joanna Lam, Sociology of Commercial Arbitration: Tools for the New Times
- Gautam Mohanty & Raghav Bhargava, Separability of Arbitration Agreement in Mutual Termination of Contracts in India: A Legislative Guideline
- Daniel Garcia-Barragan, Alexandra Mitretodis, & Andrew Tuck, The New NAFTA: Scaled-Back Arbitration in the USMCA
- Nduka Ikeyi & Gabriel Onovo, Re-examining the Legal Basis for the Co-existence of Federal and State Arbitration Laws in Nigeria
- Patrick James, Systemist International Relations
- Adrian J Shin, Primary Resources, Secondary Labor: Natural Resources and Immigration Policy
- Federica Genovese, Sectors, Pollution, and Trade: How Industrial Interests Shape Domestic Positions on Global Climate Agreements
- Andrew S Rosenberg, Measuring Racial Bias in International Migration Flows
- Asfandyar Mir & Dylan Moore, Drones, Surveillance, and Violence: Theory and Evidence from a US Drone Program
- Jason Quinn, Madhav Joshi, & Erik Melander, One Dyadic Peace Leads to Another? Conflict Systems, Terminations, and Net Reduction in Fighting Groups
- Evan Perkoski, Internal Politics and the Fragmentation of Armed Groups
- Tyler Kustra, Make Love, Not War: Do Single Young Men Cause Political Violence?
- Luke N Condra & Austin L Wright, Civilians, Control, and Collaboration during Civil Conflict
- Emily Jones & Alexandra O Zeitz, Regulatory Convergence in the Financial Periphery: How Interdependence Shapes Regulators’ Decisions
- Claire Peacock, Karolina Milewicz, & Duncan Snidal, Boilerplate in International Trade Agreements
- Arie Krampf, Monetary Power Reconsidered: The Struggle between the Bundesbank and the Fed over Monetary Leadership
- Randall Germain, E.H. Carr and IPE: An Essay in Retrieval
- Jessica Chen Weiss & Allan Dafoe, Authoritarian Audiences, Rhetoric, and Propaganda in International Crises: Evidence from China
- Ches Thurber, Social Ties and the Strategy of Civil Resistance
- Brendan J Connell, Electoral Rules, Interest Group Pressures, and the Price of Democratic Default
- Ty Solomon, Rhythm and Mobilization in International Relations
- Sebastian Schindler & Tobias Wille, How Can We Criticize International Practices?
- William Spaniel & Iris Malone, The Uncertainty Trade-off: Reexamining Opportunity Costs and War
- Daniel F Wajner, “Battling” for Legitimacy: Analyzing Performative Contests in the Gaza Flotilla Paradigmatic Case
- Cosette D Creamer &, Beth A Simmons, Do Self-Reporting Regimes Matter? Evidence from the Convention Against Torture
- Kelebogile Zvobgo, Human Rights versus National Interests: Shifting US Public Attitudes on the International Criminal Court
- Valentina Carraro, Promoting Compliance with Human Rights: The Performance of the United Nations’ Universal Periodic Review and Treaty Bodies
- Tobias Lenz, Alexandr Burilkov, & Lora Anne Viola, Legitimacy and the Cognitive Sources of International Institutional Change: The Case of Regional Parliamentarization
- Emilie M Hafner-Burton & Christina J Schneider, The Dark Side of Cooperation: International Organizations and Member Corruption
- Jeffrey Kucik, How Do Prior Rulings Affect Future Disputes?
- Sarah Sunn Bush & Jennifer Hadden, Density and Decline in the Founding of International NGOs in the United States
- Matthew Castle & Krzysztof J Pelc, The Causes and Effects of Leaks in International Negotiations
- David E Banks, The Diplomatic Presentation of the State in International Crises: Diplomatic Collaboration during the US-Iran Hostage Crisis
- Joakim Kreutz & Enzo Nussio, Destroying Trust in Government: Effects of a Broken Pact among Colombian Ex-Combatants
- Deborah Welch Larson & Alexei Shevchenko, Lost in Misconceptions about Social Identity Theory
- David Blagden, Do Democracies Possess the Wisdom of Crowds? Decision Group Size, Regime Type, and Strategic Effectiveness
- Zongnan Wu, Abuse of Rights in the Context of Corporate Nationality Planning
- Szilárd Gáspár-Szilágyi & Maxim Usynin, The Uneasy Relationship between Intra-EU Investment Tribunals and the Court of Justice’s Achmea Judgment
- Aikaterini Florou, Whither Mutual Trust? Brexit, Achmea and the Future of Investor-State Arbitration in the EU-UK Investment Relations
- Adam Marios Paschalidis & Nikos Lavranos, Comparative Analysis between the 2018 and 2004 Dutch Model Bilateral Investment Treaty Texts
- Lorraine de Germiny, Nhu-Hoang Tran Thang & Duong Ba Trinh, The EU-Vietnam Investment Protection Agreement Investor-State Dispute Settlement Mechanism in Perspective
- Sahra Arif, The Future of Intra-EU Investment Arbitration: Intra-EU Investment Arbitration under the ECT post Achmea
- Olga Magomedova, Performance Requirements: Is there a Real Reason for their Prohibition?
- Venetia Argyropoulou, Vattenfall in the Aftermath of Achmea: Between a Rock and a Hard Place?
- Kai-chieh Chan, Álvarez y Marín Corporación and Others v. Panama, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/14, Award, 12 October 2018
- Nikos Lavranos, CJEU Opinion 1/17: Keeping International Investment Law and EU Law Strictly Apart
- Matthieu Grégoire, Commission v. Hungary (Case C-235/17): Some Reassurance for Investors on the Substantive Protections for Expropriation under EU Law
- Pablo Jaroslavsky & Florencia Wajnman, The Chevron Saga: The Denial of Justice Standard under the Fair and Equitable Treatment and Customary International Law
- Colin Brown, The Path to a Multilateral Investment Court – Keynote to the 4th EFILA Annual Conference 2019
- John P. Gaffney, Comment on the Keynote Speech ‘The Path to a Multilateral Investment Court’
- José Rafael Mata Dona, Report of the 4th EFILA Annual Conference 2019
- George A. Bermann, Recalibrating the EU – International Arbitration Interface – 4th EFILA Annual Lecture 2018
The Edge of Law explores the spatial implications of establishing a new legal institution in the wake of violent conflict. Using the example of the establishment of the War Crimes Chamber of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Alex Jeffrey argues that legal processes constantly demarcate a line of inclusion and exclusion: materially, territorially and corporally. In contrast to accounts that have focused on the judicial outcomes of these transitional justice efforts, The Edge of Law draws on long-term fieldwork in Bosnia and Herzegovina to focus on the social and political consequences of the trials, tracing the fraught mechanisms that have been used by international and local political elites to convey their legitimacy.
- Special Issue: Solving the WTO Dispute Settlement System Crisis
- Giorgio Sacerdoti, Solving the WTO Dispute Settlement System Crisis: An Introduction
- Yuka Fukunaga, The Appellate Body’s Power to Interpret the WTO Agreements and WTO Members’ Power to Disagree with the Appellate Body
- Joshua Paine, The WTO’s Dispute Settlement Body as a Voice Mechanism
- Geraldo Vidigal, Living Without the Appellate Body: Multilateral, Bilateral and Plurilateral Solutions to the WTO Dispute Settlement Crisis
- Chen Yu, Currency Manipulation and WTO Laws: Should the Anti-Dumping Mechanism Be Entirely Dumped?
- Karl P. Sauvant & Howard Mann, Making FDI More Sustainable: Towards an Indicative List of FDI Sustainability Characteristics
Monday, December 30, 2019
- Roda Mushkat, Economics and International Law: Closer Alignment through Greater Analytical Diversity?
- Christopher Chen & Wai Yee Wan, Transnational Corporate Governance Codes: Lessons from Regulating Related Party Transactions in Hong Kong and Singapore
- Margaret K. Lewis, Creative Contacts: Taiwan’s Quest for International Law Enforcement Cooperation
- Julian G. Ku, The Taiwan Travel Act is Legally Binding
- Siao-Wun Chiu, Taiwan’s Antitrust Leniency Policy and the Framework to Build an Effective Antitrust Compliance Program
- Weixia Gu, Belt and Road Dispute Resolution: New Development Trends
- Huiqin Jiang, Demystifying China’s International Commercial Court Regime: International or Intra-National?
- Special Issue: The OAU and Kampala Conventions
- David James Cantor & Farai Chikwanha, Reconsidering African Refugee Law
- Marina Sharpe, The Supervision (or Not) of the 1969 OAU Refugee Convention
- Tamara Wood, Who Is a Refugee in Africa? A Principled Framework for Interpreting and Applying Africa’s Expanded Refugee Definition
- Jamil Ddamulira Mujuzi, Mauritian Courts and the Protection of the Rights of Asylum Seekers in the Absence of Dedicated Legislation
- Isaac Lenaola, The Role of African Courts in Promoting Refugee Rights
- J O Moses Okello, In Lieu of a Travaux Préparatoires: A Commentary on the Kampala Convention for IDPs
- Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme Statement by Volker Türk, Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, UNHCR
- Volker Türk & Madeline Garlick, Addressing Displacement in the Context of Disasters and the Adverse Effects of Climate Change: Elements and Opportunities in the Global Compact on Refugees
- Le dossier thematique: Le traitement des données personnelles et le droit international, questions ponctuelles et actuelles
- Basile Darmois & Eloïse Glucksmann, avec la participation de Timothée Andro, Caroline Chaux & Mira Hamad, Introduction
- Mathilde Gérot, Le renforcement des droits des personnes sur leurs données à caractère personnel – Aspects de droit interne
- Martina Mantovani, Le RGPD en tant qu’espace juridique multi-échelle : quelles implications pour le droit international privé ?
- Emilie Brunet, Les mécanismes de coopération des autorités de contrôle au sein de l’Union européenne et le Comité européen de la protection des données
- Jennifer Merchant, Is our personal genetic data really protected? A panorama UnitedStates/Europe/France
- Mathilde Gerot, Le renforcement des droits des personnels sur leurs données à caractère personnel, aspects de droit interne
- Martina Mantovani, Le RGPD en tant qu’espace juridique multi-échelle : quelles implications pour le droit international privé
- Philippe Bou Nader, Surveillance of a combatant and his/her right to privacy under the European Convention for Human Rights
- Emilie Brunet, Les mécanismes de coopération des autorités de contrôle au sein de l’Union européenne et le Comité européen de la protection des données
- Céline Castets-Renard, L’intelligence artificielle, les droits fondamentaux et la protection des données personnelles dans l’Union européenne et les Etats-Unis
- Carlotta Gradin, L’effacement des données en ligne : une parenté entre le droit au déréférencement et les mécanismes de défense contre les cyberviolences
- Basile Darmois, Les impensées de la politique juridique de lutte contre les fausses nouvelles : de la règlementation des publications en ligne à celle de l’édition
- Bruno Deffains, Données judiciaires et intelligence artificielle : le temps des ruptures
- Thomas Perroud, Publicité de la justice : une leçon venue d’outre-Manche
- La recherche a l’ecole doctorale
- Samuel Fulli-Lemaire, Le droit international privé de la famille à l’épreuve de l’impératif de reconnaissance des situations
- Amina Lebdioui, Attribution de contrats pétroliers : Les pays africains à l’épreuve de la transparence
- Karim El Chazli, L’impartialité de l’arbitre
- Michel Tabbal, Les sessions extraordinaires du Conseil des droits de l’homme des Nations Unies
- Rebecca Legendre, Droits fondamentaux et droit international privé - Réflexion en matière personnelle et familiale
- Claudia Cavicchioli, Le forum shopping dans le contentieux international
- Libres propos
- Thibault Douville, Blockchains et droit international privé : état sommaire des questions
- Kévin Bihannic, La mise en œuvre du Protocole n°16 CEDH - Le dialogue des juges tient-il ses promesses ?
- Konstantinos A. Rokas, The Mennesson case: the end of 19 years of legal battles and the remaining questions on foreign surrogacy
- Sophie Duparc, Le maniement de l’interprétation autonome par la CJUE : l’exemple de l’arrêt Feniks
- Konstantinos A. Rokas, Molla Sali : l’apport de la CEDH à la problématique des relations entre religion, droit en droit interne et en droit international privé
- Natalino Ronzitti, Rescuing Nationals Abroad Revisited
- Jonathan Black-Branch, International Obligations Concerning Disarmament and the Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race: Justiciability over Justice in the Marshall Islands Cases at the International Court of Justice
- Madelaine Chiam & Anna Hood, Nuclear Humanitarianism
- Luca Ferro, Western Gunrunners, (Middle-)Eastern Casualties: Unlawfully Trading Arms with States Engulfed in Yemeni Civil War?
- Hanne Cuyckens & Christophe Paulussen, The Prosecution of Foreign Fighters in Western Europe: The Difficult Relationship Between Counter-Terrorism and International Humanitarian Law
- Talita de Souza Dias, The Activation of the Crime of Aggression before the International Criminal Court: Some Overlooked Implications Arising for States Parties and Non-States Parties to the Rome Statute
- Barry de Vries, Could International Fact-Finding Missions Possibly Render a Case Inadmissible for the ICC? Remarks on the Ongoing Attempts to Include International Criminal Law in Fact-finding
- Trevor Michael Rajah, Grant Dawson, & Lydia Aylett, The Chemical Weapons Convention and the Contribution of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to Sustainable Development
International Law and the Cold War is the first book dedicated to examining the relationship between the Cold War and International Law. The authors adopt a variety of creative approaches - in relation to events and fields such as nuclear war, environmental protection, the Suez crisis and the Lumumba assassination - in order to demonstrate the many ways in which international law acted upon the Cold War and in turn show how contemporary international law is an inheritance of the Cold War. Their innovative research traces the connections between the Cold War and contemporary legal constructions of the nation-state, the environment, the third world, and the refugee; and between law, technology, science, history, literature, art, and politics.
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Caserta: International Courts in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Study of Foundations and Authority
This chapter sets out the theoretical and methodological aspects of studying the foundations and processes of gaining authority of the Latin American and Caribbean economic courts. In terms of theory, the chapter relies on the concept of de facto authority, according to which International Courts (ICs) become authoritative and powerful when their rulings are endorsed by relevant audiences in their practices. To complement this approach, the chapter proposes five original analytical markers, which are central for analysing and explaining the social processes through which ICs gain or lose de facto authority. These are: I) the nature of the political environment surrounding ICs; II) the timing of their institutional founding; III) the material and/or abstract interests of the agents interacting with ICs; IV) the fundamental support of different social groups in relation to an IC; and V) the societal embeddedness of an IC in its operational context.
- Mario L. Chacón & Jeffrey L. Jensen, Democratization, De Facto Power, and Taxation: Evidence from Military Occupation during Reconstruction
- Shelby Grossman, The Politics of Order in Informal Markets: Evidence from Lagos
- Electoral Discrimination: The Relationship between Skin Color and Vote Buying in Latin America Marcus Johnson
- Kate Cronin-Furman, Human Rights Half Measures: Avoiding Accountability in Postwar Sri Lanka
- Current Developments
- Serena Lee & Myron Phua, Why Allianz v West Tankers Still Applies under the Brussels Regulation (Recast): An Analysis of Nori Holdings v Bank Otkritie  EWHC 1343 (Comm)
- Meng Chen, Reforming Judicial Supervision of Chinese Arbitration
- Myriam Gicquello, The Reform of Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Bringing the Findings of Social Psychology into the Debate
- Margaret A Young, Emma Nyhan, & Hilary Charlesworth, Studying Country-Specific Engagements with the International Court of Justice
- Manuel Casas, Functional Justiciability and the Existence of a Dispute: A Means of Jurisdictional Avoidance?
- Caroline E Foster, The Problem with Public Morals
There are twenty-nine Islamic law states (ILS) in the world today, and their Muslim population is over 900 million. Muslims in these countries—and, to some extent, all Muslims—are ethically, morally, doctrinally, or politically committed to the Islamic legal tradition, a unique logic and culture of justice based on nonconfrontational dispute resolution. In Islamic Law and International Law, Emilia Justyna Powell examines the differences and similarities between the Islamic legal tradition and international law, focusing in particular on the issue of conflict management and resolution.
In many Islamic Law States, Islamic law displaces secular law in state governance and shapes these countries' international dealings. Powell considers why some of Islamic Law States accept international courts while others avoid them, stressing throughout that we cannot make blanket claims about such states. Each relationship is context-specific, hinging on the nature of the domestic legal system. Moreover, not all of these states are Islamic to the same degree or in the same way. Secular law and religious law fuse in different ways in different domestic legal systems.
Often, the Islamic legal tradition points in one direction, while the Western-based, secularized international law points in another. However, Powell argues that Islamic legal tradition contains elements that are compatible with modern international law. She marshals original data on the legal systems structures in thirty Islamic Law States over the entire course of the post-World War Two era, and she draws from in-depth interviews with Islamic law scholars and leading practitioners of international law, including judges of the International Court of Justice. Rich in empirical evidence, this book will reshape how we think about the relationship between ILS and the international system.
Friday, December 20, 2019
Dubberley, Koenig, & Murray: Digital Witness: Using Open Source Information for Human Rights Investigation, Documentation, and Accountability
From videos of rights violations, to satellite images of environmental degradation, to eyewitness accounts disseminated on social media, human rights practitioners have access to more data today than ever before. To say that mobile technologies, social media, and increased connectivity are having a significant impact on human rights practice would be an understatement. Modern technology - and the enhanced access it provides to information about abuse - has the potential to revolutionise human rights reporting and documentation, as well as the pursuit of legal accountability.
However, these new methods for information gathering and dissemination have also created significant challenges for investigators and researchers. For example, videos and photographs depicting alleged human rights violations or war crimes are often captured on the mobile phones of victims or political sympathisers. The capture and dissemination of content often happens haphazardly, and for a variety of motivations, including raising awareness of the plight of those who have been most affected, or for advocacy purposes with the goal of mobilising international public opinion. For this content to be of use to investigators it must be discovered, verified, and authenticated. Discovery, verification, and authentication have, therefore, become critical skills for human rights organisations and human rights lawyers.
This book is the first to cover the history, ethics, methods, and best-practice associated with open source research. It is intended to equip the next generation of lawyers, journalists, sociologists, data scientists, other human rights activists, and researchers with the cutting-edge skills needed to work in an increasingly digitized, and information-saturated environment.
- Paul C. Ney, Jr., Charney Lecture - The Rule of Law in International Security Affairs: A U.S. Defense Department Perspective
- Manal Totry-Jubran, Transitional Justice in Housing Injustice: Housing Rights Violations Within Settler Democracies
- Kevin Kolben, The Consumer Imaginary: Labor Rights, Human Rights, and Citizen-Consumers in the Global Supply Chain
- Ji Ma, International Investment and National Security Review
- Uche Ewelukwa Ofodile, Emerging Market Economies & International Investment Law:Turkey–Africa Bilateral Investment Treaties
Old certainties are melting away. An era has drawn to a close. The foundations of the global economic system are rapidly changing. The opening of intellectual horizons that has come in the wake of these epochal shifts calls for a fundamental rethinking of the main functions and tasks of international economic law (IEL) as a disciplinary project. It also calls for a new explanation of international law’s systemic potential, power, and effectivity in the context of contemporary global governance. How does international law influence the workings of international economic governance? What are the main ways in which it can impact on the course of global economic affairs? Drawing on the traditions of legal realism, Marxism, and classical law-and-economics, this essay outlines a four-fold theory of IEL’s regulatory effectivity: IEL as a price-setting mechanism, IEL as a mechanism for the structuring of opportunities, IEL as a mechanism of ideological legitimation, and IEL as a mechanism of disciplining and interpellation. The goal of this theoretical project is to promote an intellectual recalibration of IEL’s disciplinary ambit along fundamentally functionalist lines: the discipline of IEL should study everything that pertains to how the effective legal realities of global economic governance are set up, how they operate, and how they are produced.
This chapter investigates the role of “Big Data” analysis and data crowdsourcing in shifting power relations with respect to the identification of customary international law. Evidence of states’ practice and legal positions is required in order to determine that a new norm of customary international law has crystallized. And yet, international courts have often settled for anecdotal evidence and impressionistic analysis. However, recent academic works have crowdsourced data collection, compiled big datasets and applied computerized analysis methods to make comprehensive and systematic evaluation of the development of customary norms. I argue that this new mode of knowledge production may democratize both the data collected (giving greater weight to smaller states from the global periphery) and the potential contributors to the production process (including lawyers from different countries and language capabilities). Nevertheless, such production requires scientific sophistication and resources, which once more give actors from rich, developed countries a greater role in developing the law.
- Dimitri Van Den Meerssche, International Law as Insulation – The Case of the World Bank in the Decolonization Era
- Fernando Pérez Godoy, The Co-creation of Imperial Logic in South American Legal History
- Mónica García-Salmones Rovira, The Impasse of Human Rights: a Note on Human Rights, Natural Rights and Continuities in International Law
- Leonard V. Smith, Sovereignty under the League of Nations Mandates: The Jurists’ Debates
- Forum: The World Health Organization at 70
- Gian Luca Burci, The World Health Organization at 70: Challenges and Adaptation: Introductory Notes
- Adam Kamradt-Scott, The International Health Regulations (2005): Strengthening Their Effective Implementation and Utilisation
- Jan Klabbers, The Normative Gap in International Organizations Law: The Case of the World Health Organization
- Kristina Daugirdas & Gian Luca Burci, Financing the World Health Organization: What Lessons for Multilateralism?
- Cristina Contartese, Competence-Based Approach, Normative Control, and the International Responsibility of the EU and Its Member States: What Does Recent Practice Add to the Debate?
- Davorin Lapaš, Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities for IGO-Like Entities: A Step Towards a New Diplomatic Law?
- Clemens Treichl, The Denial of Oral Hearings by International Administrative Tribunals as a Factor for Lifting Organizational Immunity before European Courts: A(nother) Critical View
- Case Concerning the Detention of Three Ukrainian Naval Vessels (Ukraine v. Russian Federation): Provisional Measures Order (ITLOS), with introductory note by Yurika Ishii
- Convention Concerning the Elimination of Violence and Harassment in the World of Work (Int'L Lab. Org.), with introductory note by Julinda Beqiraj
- Prosecutor v. Omar Al-Bashir, Judgment in the Jordan Referral Re Al-Bashir Appeal (Int'L Crim. Ct.), with introductory note by Thomas Weatherall
- Protocol No. 16 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and Advisory Opinion Concerning the Recognition in Domestic Law of a Legal Parent-child Relationship Between a Child Born Through a Gestational Surrogacy Arrangement Abroad and the Intended Mother (Eur. Ct. H.R.), with introductory note by Scott W. Lyons
- Alekseyev and Others v. Russia (Eur. Ct. H.R.), with introductory note by Pieter Cannoot
- Confédération Paysanne and Others v. Premier Ministre and Ministre De L'Agriculture, De L'Agroalimentaire Et De La Forêt (C.J.E.U.), with introductory note by Hans-Georg Dederer
This contribution seeks to critically examine the UN position with respect to the legal status of the administration of territory by UN-authorised actors. The essay first explores whether the law of occupation applies to direct administration of foreign territory by the UN or its authorized organs. It then examines as a case study the practice of the UN administration of Kosovo. The essay argues that unfettered discretion for civil servants, even international civil servants, undermines the functionality of any administration. Embracing the discipline of accountability embedded in the law of occupation to UN-led administration of territories is therefore required. This discussion provides the grounding for the argument that as a matter of both lex lata and lex ferenda any administration of territories without a valid sovereign consent, even when exercised by the UN, qualifies as an occupation, and is hence subject to the requirements of law of occupation.
Klamberg: Interpretation of Security Council Resolutions and the Function of Explanation of Votes – Protecting the Status Quo or Agents of Change?
The UN Security Council has within the UN system the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. The Council adopts resolutions, which are the decisions with the greatest potential consequences. Security Council resolutions are not always clear and need to be interpreted. Members of the Security Council may make statements in connection with their votes, so called explanation of votes. What is the purpose and role of these explanations of votes, if any?
Explanation of votes may have at least three functions. First, they may contribute to the formation of customary international law. Second, they can be used as a means for interpreting Security Council resolutions in relation to a specific matter. Finally, even if legal arguments are never the sole or even the decisive factor in Security Council deliberations, they may shape the debates and by being available for the public have an impact on positions taken, at least indirectly.
The study examines three debates which show Security Council resolutions and explanation of votes may protect the status quo in some instances and act as agents of change in others. The states need to consider that the Security Council does not operate in a legal vacuum; its decision has legal consequences in specific situations and may also contribute to the formation of customary international law.
- The Domestic Institutionalisation of Human Rights
- Steven LB Jensen, Stéphanie Lagoutte & Sébastien Lorion, The Domestic Institutionalisation of Human Rights: An Introduction
- Stéphanie Lagoutte, The Role of State Actors Within the National Human Rights System
- Kirsten Roberts Lyer, Parliaments as Human Rights Actors: The Potential for International Principles on Parliamentary Human Rights Committees
- Claire Methven O’Brien & Jolyon Ford, Business and Human Rights: From Domestic Institutionalisation to Transnational Governance and Back Again
- Sébastien Lorion, A Model for National Human Rights Systems? New Governance and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
- Domenico Zipoli, NHRI Engagement with UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies: A Goal-based Approach
- Tomer Broude & Natan Milikowsky, Establishing an NHRI in a Contested Political Space: A Deliberative Process in Israel
Thursday, December 19, 2019
My friend Jakob Holtermann compared the International Criminal Court (ICC) to a slice of swiss cheese. The metaphor is meant to indicate that the ICC operates as a filter that would deter some of the criminals left undeterred by national criminal law systems, which is true. But the metaphor also suggests that the ICC would only deter extra criminals and would not damage the deterrence achieved by preceding filters, which is false. This paper explains why.
- Øyvind Svendsen, ‘Practice time!’ Doxic futures in security and defence diplomacy after Brexit
- Gustav Meibauer, Interests, ideas, and the study of state behaviour in neoclassical realism
- Linus Hagström & Chengxin Pan, Traversing the soft/hard power binary: the case of the Sino-Japanese territorial dispute
- Rita Abrahamsen, Internationalists, sovereigntists, nativists: Contending visions of world order in Pan-Africanism
- Rebecca Adler-Nissen, Katrine Emilie Andersen, & Lene Hansen, Images, emotions, and international politics: the death of Alan Kurdi
- Jennifer L. Erickson, Punishing the violators? Arms embargoes and economic sanctions as tools of norm enforcement
- José Ciro Martínez, Topological twists in the Syrian conflict: Re-thinking space through bread
- Lewis Turner, ‘#Refugees can be entrepreneurs too!’ Humanitarianism, race, and the marketing of Syrian refugees
- Thomas Gregory, The costs of war: Condolence payments and the politics of killing civilians
- The global governance of cyberspace: reimagining private actors' accountability
- Eirini Kikarea & Maayan Menashe, The global governance of cyberspace: reimagining private actors' accountability: introduction
- Benedict Kingsbury, Infrastructure and InfraReg: on rousing the international law ‘Wizards of Is’
- Louise Arimatsu, Silencing women in the digital age
- M R Leiser, Regulating computational propaganda: lessons from international law
- Rachel Adams & Nóra Ní Loideáin, Addressing indirect discrimination and gender stereotypes in AI virtual personal assistants: the role of international human rights law
- Enguerrand Marique & Yseult Marique, Sanctions on digital platforms: beyond the public–private divide
- Paolo Cavaliere, Digital platforms and the rise of global regulation of hate speech
- Petra Molnar, Technology on the margins: AI and global migration management from a human rights perspective
- Shannon Raj Singh, Move fast and break societies: the weaponisation of social media and options for accountability under international criminal law
This book examines the implications of geographical change for maritime jurisdiction under the law of the sea. In a multistranded intervention, it challenges existing accounts of the consequences of climate-related change for entitlement to maritime space, maritime limits, and international maritime boundaries. It also casts new light on the question of whether a loss of habitable land and large-scale population displacement will precipitate a loss of territorial sovereignty and the legal 'extinction' of affected States.
This study of the legal significance of geographical change is grounded in an in-depth study of the role of geography in the law of the sea. As well as offering a new perspective on the pressing question of how climate change will affect maritime jurisdiction, territorial sovereignty, and statehood, the book contributes to the scholarship on maritime delimitation and international boundaries generally (on land and at sea). It includes an analysis of the principle of intertemporal law that suggests a useful framework for considering questions of stability and change in international law more broadly.
This rigorous and original study will be of value to anyone concerned with the implications of climate-related change for maritime jurisdiction, territorial sovereignty, and statehood. Its broader analysis of the existing law and engagement with a range of doctrinal debates through the lens of the question of geographical change will be of interest to scholars and practitioners of the law of the sea, the law of territory, and the law relating to international boundaries.
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Cet ouvrage analyse les évolutions de la pratique des réserves aux traités relatifs aux Droits de l'homme. Elles se sont opérées selon deux tendances : l'une dans le sens d'une restriction de l'admission des réserves, l'autre dans le sens d'un contrôle rigoureux de la validité. Cette recherche permet d'approfondir des questions essentielles : l'influence de la logique de l'accord, la logique directrice des sources sur la pratique des réserves, le rôle de la valorisation normative des règles relatives à la protection des droits de l'homme dans la limitation du recours aux réserves et enfin, la contribution institutionnelle et juridictionnelle qui a pu rendre la pratique des réserves plus respectueuse des traités relatifs aux Droits de l'homme.
Trade has made the world. Still, trade remains an elusive and profoundly difficult area for philosophical thought. This novel account of trade justice makes ideas about exploitation central, giving pride of place to philosophical ideas about global justice but also contributing to moral disputes about practical questions. On Trade Justice is a philosophical plea for a new global deal, in continuation of, but also at appropriate distance to, post-war efforts to design a fair global-governance system in the spirit of the American New Deal of the 1930s. This book is written in the tradition of contemporary analytical philosophy but also puts its subject into a historical perspective to motivate its relevance. It covers the subject of trade justice from its theoretical foundations to a number of specific issues on which the authors' account throws light. The state as an actor in the domain of global justice is central to the discussion but it also explores the obligations of business extensively, recognizing the importance of the modern corporation for trade. Topics such as wages injustice, collusion with authoritarian regimes, relocation decisions, and obligations arising from interaction with suppliers and sub-contractors all enter prominently. Another central actor in the domain of trade is the World Trade Organization. The WTO needs to see itself as an agent of justice. This book explores how this organization should be reformed in light of the proposals it makes. In particular, the WTO needs to endorse a human-rights and development-oriented mandate. Overall, this book hopes to make a theoretical contribution to the creation of an exploitation-free world.
Many international law decisions are made by individuals, often possessed with expertise, legal or otherwise. We examine individual international humanitarian law (IHL) decision-making, on two-levels: military decisions made ex ante regarding real-time operational questions, under conditions of uncertainty and imperfect information; and subsequent ex post evaluations of the propriety of military decisions, in the context of military investigations regarding legal responsibility with respect to proportionality and reasonableness. IHL requires ex post investigators to consider only information available at the time decisions were made. Through an experimental vignette-study conducted with lay-persons, legal experts and people with field experience, we test whether they are susceptible to cognitive ‘outcome bias’, specifically the extent to which knowledge of operational outcomes, especially regarding incidental civilian harm, influences ex post normative evaluations. Our results demonstrate a general tendency towards outcome bias, somewhat tempered by expertise. Individuals with operational decision-making experience may be less prone to outcome bias than legal experts. We discuss possible implications for the design of military investigations relating to IHL.
In this book, it is explained that despite a current drop in the number of deaths, terrorism should still be considered a serious and widespread problem. However, the responses to this phenomenon are often more problematic from a long-term perspective. With the human rights framework under serious pressure, this edited volume offers a timely, important and critical in-depth analysis of human dignity and human security challenges in the lead-up, and in the responses, to current forms of terrorism. It aims to map how human dignity and human security can be secured and how law can constitute a source of trust at a time when Europe and the rest of the world continue to be plagued by terrorism.
Geslin & Tourme Jouannet: Le droit international de la reconnaissance, un instrument de décolonisation et de refondation du droit international ?
Lorsqu’en 2011 est publié Qu’est-ce qu’une société internationale juste ? Le droit international entre développement et reconnaissance, d’Emmanuelle Tourme Jouannet, puis que paraît, l’année suivante son article « Le droit international de la reconnaissance », surgit dans le champ de la recherche française – et plus largement francophone – en droit international un nouveau paradigme, celui de la « reconnaissance ». Les réactions suscitées par ces publications furent vives. Il y eu quelques mécompréhensions du concept même de reconnaissance, et diverses critiques se firent entendre. C’est à l’occasion du premier workshop international du groupe de recherche Justice/Injustice Globale, les 8 et 9 septembre 2016, que fut abordée la question de savoir si le droit international de la reconnaissance pouvait être un instrument de décolonisation et de refondation du droit international.
- Deval Desai, Christopher Gevers, & Adil Hasan Khan, Sifting through the ‘successful failures’ and ‘failed successes’ of international law: introducing two essays on law and failure
- Vasuki Nesiah, Freedom at sea
- Adam Sitze, The crime of apartheid: genealogy of a successful failure
- Jamee K Moudud, A critical legal history of French banking and industrialisation: an alternative to the law and development framework
- Valeria Vázquez Guevara, Crafting the lawful truth: Chile’s 1990 Truth Commission, international human rights and the museum of memory
- Jessie Hohmann & Daniel Joyce, Material pasts and futures: international law’s objects
Various (universal and regional) parts of the practice of the international human rights law are currently showing signs of a loosening of the notion of “jurisdiction” as a ground for the application of human rights. The justification for this development seems primarily to lie in easing the conditions under which human rights duties can arise for States in extraterritorial circumstances where they exercize no effective (personal or spatial) control over the right-holders. This is particularly relevant when extraterritorial human rights violations are caused by multinational corporations incorporated under the law of the given State (or somehow controlled by it) or when they occur through environmental harm whose causes lie somehow under the control of that State. This conference will start by unpacking the various strands of this developing practice to identify and assess what the proposed criteria of jurisdiction could be in those cases (besides causation), before examining how the proposed duties and their grounds actually relate to the standard of due diligence in general and specific international law. A more general reflection on the role of due diligence in international law and the state of international human rights law will ensue.
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
The activation of the crime of aggression at the ICC has renewed interest in one of the oldest and most fraught questions of the jus ad bellum: whether a state is entitled to unilaterally use force on the territory of another state for humanitarian purposes. Scholars who support unilateral humanitarian intervention (UHI) generally make two interrelated claims. The first is positivist: that unilateral intervention is lawful if it is genuinely intended to end mass atrocity. The second is normative: that genuinely humanitarian unilateral intervention should be lawful, because in the right circumstances it can serve as an effective mechanism for protecting civilians from harm.
In this article, I criticise both claims. I begin by arguing that, from a positivist perspective, even genuinely humanitarian unilateral intervention violates the prohibition of the use of force and qualifies as a criminal act of aggression. I then argue that the historical record undermines the normative attractiveness of UHI, because it is extremely difficult to find an actual example of a unilateral intervention motivated primarily by humanitarian concerns, especially one that improved the humanitarian situation in the territorial state. Finally, I conclude by arguing that the basic effect of insisting on the legality of UHI is to weaken one of the few clear prohibitions in international law for no discernible benefit, making the desire to decriminalize such intervention a well-meaning equivalent to the notorious ticking time-bomb scenario.
- Melissa Lewis, Deciphering the Complex Relationship between AEWA's and the Bonn Convention’s Respective Exemptions to the Prohibition of Taking
- Amanda Whitfort, Wildlife Crime and Animal Victims: Improving Access to Environmental Justice in Hong Kong
- Arie Trouwborst & Floor M. Fleurke, Killing Wolves Legally: Exploring the Scope for Lethal Wolf Management under European Nature Conservation Law
- Sebastien Korwin, Louisa Denier, Susan Lieberman & Rosalind Reeve, Verification of Legal Acquisition under the CITES Convention: The Need for Guidance on the Scope of Legality
- Kevin B. Jones, Benjamin B. Civiletti & Angela J. Sicker, Carbon Pricing in US Electricity Markets: Expediting the Low-Carbon Transition While Mitigating the Growing Conflict between Renewable-Energy Goals and Regional Electricity Markets
- Thomas Leclerc, A Sectoral Application of the Polluter Pays Principle: Lessons Learned from the Aviation Sector
Le droit international, dans son rôle de « vigie » ou de « vigile » de la sécurité internationale, est parfois éprouvé par la délicate équation du défi de la paix en Afrique. En effet, depuis que ce continent est devenu « [acteur] de son histoire », – avec le nouveau décor international occasionné par la fin de la période bipolaire –, paradoxalement, il est également devenu un terrain fertile en conflits. En dépit des mutations ou des « dynamiques du droit international », opérées par les Organisations internationales dans la pratique du maintien de la paix, la dynamique évolutive des conflits et leur nature irrégulière, posent bien de difficultés. Et c’est le noeud de ces rapports ambigus entre les Organisations internationales et les conflits en Afrique qu’il convient de tenter de défaire, en en appréhendant tour à tour, leur implication, puis leur contribution à la résolution desdits conflits. De cette double appréhension, émerge le besoin, dans les stratégies de résolution des conflits, d’une prise en compte aussi bien de la violence visible que de la violence invisible ; celle-ci suppose une réelle connaissance des vrais déterminants conflictuels. D’où la nécessité d’un droit régional africain de maintien de la paix car, la paix objective doit être accompagnée de la paix subjective.
- Peter Hilpold, Die allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte 1948 und der Schutz der Minderheiten
- Giuseppe Cataldi, Presentation
- Giuseppe Cataldi, Introduction to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Anna Liguori, Some Reflections on the UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and Human Rights
- Maria Chiara Vitucci, The protection of sexual orientation in international law: between the principles of non-discrimination and human dignity
- Michele Nino, The limitation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of the communities involved in land grabbing regimes: an analysis in the light of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Valentina Rossi, The Universal Right to a healthy Environment: “an Idea whose time has come?”
- Francesco Zammartino, Solidarity and Social Justice in the European Union Seventy Years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: the Role of European Judges
- Giorgia Bevilacqua, The Right to Life at Sea Seventy Years after the Proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Michele Corleto, Search and Rescue at Sea in Light of International Regulations and National Policy. The Case of Sea Watch 3
- Marianna Pace, The Human Right to Water from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to the New Agenda for Sustainable Development
- Bruno Mercurio, Participation and Representation of the Municipalities in the Organization of Integrated Water Service in Italy. Some Thoughts
- Bianca Nicla Romano, Tourism as a Tool for the Fulfilment of the Rights to Rest and Recreation Enshrined in Article No. 24 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Analysing how Indigenous Peoples come to be identifiable as bearers of human rights, this book considers how individuals and communities claim the right of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) as Indigenous peoples. The basic notion of FPIC is that states should seek Indigenous peoples’ consent before taking actions that will have an impact on them, their territories or their livelihoods. FPIC is an important development for Indigenous peoples, their advocates and supporters because one might assume that, where states recognize it, Indigenous peoples will have the ability to control how non-Indigenous laws and actions will affect them. But who exactly are the Indigenous peoples that are the subjects of this discourse? This book argues that the subject status of Indigenous peoples emerged out of international law in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Then, through a series of case studies, it considers how self-identifying Indigenous peoples, scholars, UN institutions and non-government organizations (NGOs) dispersed that subject-status and associated rights discourse through international and national legal contexts. It shows that those who claim international human rights as Indigenous peoples performatively become identifiable subjects of international law – but further demonstrates that this does not, however, provide them with control over, or emancipation from, a state-based legal system. Maintaining that the discourse on Indigenous peoples and international law itself needs to be theoretically and critically re-appraised, this book problematises the subject-status of those who claim Indigenous peoples’ rights and the role of scholars, institutions, NGOs and others in producing that subject-status. Squarely addressing the limitations of international human rights law, it nevertheless goes on to provide a conceptual framework for rethinking the promise and power of Indigenous peoples’ rights.
Saturday, December 14, 2019
- Rui Manuel Moura Ramos, A codificação do direito internacional privado português em perspectiva, meio século mais tarde
- María Teresa Infante Caffi, La Corte Internacional de Justicia se pronuncia sobre la demanda de Bolivia contra Chile relativa a una obligación de negociar: La sentencia de 1 de octubre de 2018
- Javier Andrés González Vega, En busca del esquivo mar: la controversia Bolivia-Chile ante la Corte Internacional de Justicia
- Fabián Novak, La conducta ulterior de las partes como regla principal de interpretación de los Tratados
- Matthew Kennedy, Las reclamaciones sin infracción en las diferencias relativas a la propiedad intelectual en la OMC
- Nuria Marchal Escalona, El marco regulador en proyecto en España para la resolución alternativa de conflictos: ¿nuevas perspectivas para las reclamaciones de consumo?
- Yaelle Cacho Sánchez, El potencial desarrollo del nuevo procedimiento consultivo ante el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos: fortalezas, debilidades, oportunidades y amenazas
- Gloria Fernández Arribas, Corte Penal Internacional y crimen de agresión: el levantamiento de inmunidades mediante la remisión de asuntos por el Consejo de Seguridad
- Ray Freddy Lara Pacheco, Las ciudades mundiales y globales en el medio internacional, una revisión teórico-metodológica desde las relaciones internacionales
- Cesáreo Gutiérrez Espada, Los sistemas de defensa contra drones, a la luz del Derecho internacional
- Foro. El legado de la sociedad de naciones
- Nigel D. White, The Legacy of the League of Nations: Continuity or Change?
- Richard Collins, The League of Nations and the Emergence of International Administration: Finding the Origins of International Institutional Law
- Foro. Feminismo y relaciones internacionales
- Irene Rodríguez Manzano, Un siglo de feminismo en Relaciones Internacionales
- Leire Moure Peñín, Teoría feminista y Relaciones Internacionales: balance de cuarenta años de activismo académico en el centenario de la disciplina
- Angelo Davì, Il riconoscimiento delle situazioni giuridiche costituite all’estero nella prospettiva di una reforma del sistema italiano di diritto internazionale privato
- Francesco Seatzu, A human-rights-based approach to the World Bank sanctions regimes
- Note e Commenti
- Giovanni Zarra, L’applicabilità dei trattati a protezione degli investimenti al caso della Crimea
- Antonello Tancredi, La Carta sociale europea come parametro interposto nella recente giurisprudenza costituzionale: novità e questioni aperte
- Tullio Scovazzi, Un atleta non ancora giunto a destinazione
- Maria Ferrara, La protezione sussidiaria dello straniero nei c.d. “medical cases”: una discutibile sentenza della Corte di giustizia dell’Unione Europea
- Robert Charvin, La question lybienne : ingérences, chaos et décomposition du droit international
- Lucius Caflisch, La valeur des cartes dans la preuve des frontières internationales
- Paola Mariani, La protection des citoyens et des opérateurs économiques à la suite de la sortie du Royaume Uni de l’Union européenne : régimes transitoires et droits acquis
- On My Way In – I: Impressions of a New Editor-in-Chief’s First Months in the EJIL Engine Room; On My Way Out – Advice to Young Scholars VI: WeakPoint, On the Uses and Abuses of PowerPoint; In This Issue
- Paz Andrés Sáenz de Santa María, The European Union and the Law of Treaties: A Fruitful Relationship
- Vera Shikhelman, Implementing Decisions of International Human Rights Institutions – Evidence from the United Nations Human Rights Committee
- Máximo Langer & Mackenzie Eason, The Quiet Expansion of Universal Jurisdiction
- Symposium: International Commissions of Inquiry
- Michael A. Becker & Sarah M.H. Nouwen, International Commissions of Inquiry: What Difference Do They Make? Taking an Empirical Approach
- Eliav Lieblich, At Least Something: The UN Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary, 1957–1958
- Hala Khoury-Bisharat, The Unintended Consequences of the Goldstone Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights Organizations in Israel
- Mohamed S. Helal, Two Seas Apart: An Account of the Establishment, Operation and Impact of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI)
- Roaming Charges: Moments of Dignity: Mekong River
- EJIL: Debate!
- Jeffrey Kahn, The Relationship between the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation: Conflicting Conceptions of Sovereignty in Strasbourg and St. Petersburg
- A. Blankenagel, The Relationship between the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation: A Reply to Jeffrey Kahn
- EJIL: Debate!
- Heike Krieger, Populist Governments and International Law
- Marcela Prieto Rudolphy, Populist Governments and International Law: A Reply to Heike Krieger
- Paul Blokker, Populist Governments and International Law: A Reply to Heike Krieger
- A Fresh Look at an Old Case
- Amedeo Arena, From an Unpaid Electricity Bill to the Primacy of EU Law: Gian Galeazzo Stendardi and the Making of Costa v ENEL
- Review Essay
- JHHW, FIFA – The Beautiful Game – The Ugly Organization
- Sahiba Gill, Edouard Adelus and Francisco de Abreu Duarte, Whose Game? FIFA, Corruption, and the Challenge of Global Governance. Review of J. Sugden and A. Tomlinson. Football, Corruption and Lies: Revisiting ‘Badfellas’, the Book FIFA Tried to Ban; D. Conn. The Fall of the House of FIFA: The Multimillion-Dollar Corruption at the Heart of Global Soccer; H. Blake and J. Calvert. The Ugly Game: The Corruption of FIFA and the Qatari Plot to Buy the World Cup; B. Mersiades. Whatever It Takes: The Inside Story of the FIFA Way; J. Chade. Política, Propina e Futebol: Como o Padrão FIFA Ameaça o Esporte Mais Popular do Planeta
- Book Reviews
- Roger O’Keefe, reviewing William A. Schabas, The Trial of the Kaiser
- Anna Chadwick, reviewing Honor Brabazon (ed.). Neoliberal Legality: Understanding the Role of Law in the Neoliberal Project
- Richard Gardiner, reviewing Joseph Klingler, Yuri Parkhomenko, Constantinos Salonidis (eds). Between the Lines of the Vienna Convention? Canons and Other Principles of Interpretation in Public International Law
- The Last Page
- Antjie Krog, Litany
Ammann: Domestic Courts and the Interpretation of International Law: Methods and Reasoning Based on the Swiss Example
In this book, I examine how Swiss courts, but also domestic courts in general, do and must interpret international law. For this purpose, I analyze whether they comply with what international law requires from States when they interpret their international legal obligations. I also assess whether Swiss courts’ interpretations are predictable, clear, and consistent. I then suggest how to improve this domestic judicial practice from these two perspectives.
The two basic claims guiding my study are the following. First, Switzerland and other States, when interpreting international law via their organs, including their courts, must abide by the interpretative methods required by international law. They must use these methods as guides in their interpretative process. Indeed, courts’ adherence to the law’s interpretative methods is a condition of the legality of their decisions. Second, courts, qua legal reasoners, must interpret the law as predictably, clearly, and consistently as possible. The predictability, clarity, and consistency of domestic courts’ interpretations of international law matter because these virtues support legality. Said virtues also matter because they influence the extent to which domestic judgments constitute reliable and helpful means for ascertaining international law.