- Risteard de Paor, Afrontando jurídica, política y socioeconómicamente la migración de las poblaciones de peces en el atlántico norte debido al cambio climático
- Flávia Alvim de Carvalho & José Luiz Quadros de Magalhães, Un nuevo paradigma jurídico y epistemológico como respuesta a los nuevos desafíos presentados por el Antropoceno al derecho ambiental internacional
- Florabel Quispe Remón, Medio ambiente y derechos humanos a la luz de la jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
- Daniel García San José, Treinta años de protección del derecho al medio ambiente por el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos: balance crítico de una jurisprudencia con luces y sombras
- Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez, ¿De verdad Francisco de Vitoria fue el padre del derecho internacional?
- Ilssy Macchia Valdés & Iliana Rodríguez Santibáñez, La necesidad de un marco normativo postconflicto o ius post bellum para lograr la paz
- Paola Diana Reyes Parra, Estatuto de la persona que cae en poder del enemigo habiendo participado en el conflicto armado internacional, precisiones desde el derecho internacional humanitario
- Elisa Ortega Velázquez, Genealogía del régimen internacional de asilo: ¿control o protección?
- Edison Joselito Naranjo Luzuriaga & Diego Mauricio Bonilla Jurado, El problema de los derechos económicos de los pueblos indígenas en el Convenio 169 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo
- Víctor Manuel Rojas Amandi, El nuevo estatus jurídico del ius cogens, reflexiones en torno a los informes de la Comisión de Derecho Internacional
- Rodrigo Machado Franco, A obrigação de não-reconhecimento de um ato ilícito internacional no caso palestina v. Estados Unidos da América na Corte Internacional de Justiça
- Trilce Gabriela Valdivia Aguilar, Nuevos derechos en el sistema interamericano de derechos humanos: ¿debe importarse el “derecho al olvido” de la Unión Europea?
- Bruno Rodríguez Reveggino, El rol de la defensa pública interamericana
- Doris Teresita Mendoza López, Políticas económicas frente a Covid-19 desde la perspectiva de ¿un nuevo derecho internacional
- María Julia Ochoa Jiménez & Jonathan Zapata Flórez, Normas de derecho internacional privado en materia de personas en Colombia: un sistema que necesita ser revisado
- Carla Juárez Guraieb, Contribuciones de la diplomacia al desarme nuclear: ¿qué aportes brindará el Tratado para la Prohibición de las Armas Nucleares al desarme?
- Saúl Mandujano Rubio & Nayelly Stephany Castañeda Rayas, Liderazgo y participación de las mujeres en la política global
- Isaac Ravetllat Ballesté, Niños, niñas y adolescentes migrantes en Chile. Comentarios críticos a la Ley de Migración y Extranjería
Saturday, July 2, 2022
New Volume: Anuario Mexicano de Derecho Internacional
New Issue: International Peacekeeping
- Firuze Simay Sezgin, The European Union’s Role in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
- John D. Ciorciari, Haiti and the Pitfalls of Sharing Police Powers
- Zachary Myers & Walter Dorn, UN Peacekeeping Missions in the Middle East: A Twenty-First Century Review
- Valerio Vignoli & Fabrizio Coticchia, Italy’s Military Operations Abroad (1945–2020): Data, Patterns, and Trends
- Hendrik Quest, Moving Beyond Antagonisms: Changing Masculinities in Post-Conflict Militaries
- Cesare M. Scartozzi, Climate-Sensitive Programming in International Security: An Analysis of UN Peacekeeping Operations and Special Political Missions
- Philipp Neubauer, Making the International Work: Police Training Experts as Brokers for International Missions
Call for Papers: Are the EU Member States Still Sovereign States Under International Law?
Friday, July 1, 2022
Álvarez Zárate & Zenkiewicz: El derecho internacional de las inversiones: Desarrollo actual de normas y principios
Una de las áreas del derecho internacional que ha contado con mayor desarrollo en los últimos 30 años ha sido el derecho de las inversiones. En este lapso de tiempo se han publicado cientos de trabajos académicos sobre la materia en inglés y español, pero en este último idioma aún no había un libro que condensara los fundamentos de forma completa. Este libro trata de llenar ese vacío y presenta el desarrollo actual de las normas y principios del derecho internacional de inversiones, las problemáticas que de allí se derivan y que son cada vez más relevantes para los países en el ámbito del derecho internacional. En este trabajo presentamos los debates, no solo desde lo teórico y abstracto, sino los efectos que tienen sobre los países algunas de sus conductas. A pesar de considerarse un tema desconocido para la mayoría, desde principio del siglo XXI adquirió cierta notoriedad y llamó la atención entre los profesionales, académicos y estudiantes.
Shereshevsky: International humanitarian law-making and new military technologies
Military technology has developed rapidly in recent years, and this development challenges existing norms. It has produced countless debates about the application of international humanitarian law (IHL) to areas of war and technology including cyber military operations, military artificial intelligence (including autonomous weapons), the use of drones, and military human enhancement. Despite these rapid progressions, the prospect of creating new treaties to specifically regulate their use by militaries and in armed conflicts is very low. This is largely due to the unequal allocation of military technology among States and the differing interests that result from this inequality. The absence of formal regulation means that State and non-State actors are increasingly embracing informal means of law-making. This is similar to other areas of IHL, such as the regulation of asymmetric conflicts, where norms are contested. In such cases, State and non-State actors employ various informal law-making techniques to advance their normative positions through treaty interpretation and the identification of customary international law.
However, the discussion on military technology differs from other contemporary IHL debates. First, due to the rapid development of such technology and uncertainty about how it will be employed in practice, the interests of the various actors are less clear. Second, there are significant challenges in obtaining accurate information about new military technologies. This makes even the informal law-making path in the context of new technologies more challenging.
This paper explores the dynamics of contemporary international law-making as it relates to the regulation of new military technologies. It identifies the main techniques that are used by the relevant actors and explores the common themes among the various debates over military technology, as well as the potential specific challenges in relation to certain technologies.
New Issue: Revista Tribuna Internacional
- Philip Allott, El derecho internacional como verdadero derecho: Un nuevo enfoque para un problema antiguo
- Maria Cecilia Ananos Meza, El Futuro del Tratado de Prohibición de Armas Nucleares en el Orden Nuclear Mundial del Siglo XXI
- Felipe Tagle, El Trato Nacional a los Buques de la Alianza del Pacífico
Call for Submissions: International Organisations and the History of Global Development
Call for Papers: The Warfare of Tomorrow (5th Young Researchers Workshop on Terrorism and Belligerency)
Thursday, June 30, 2022
New Issue: Questions of International Law
- Recorking or Not Recorking? The Articles on State Responsibility Twenty-One Years After
- Introduced by Paolo Palchetti and Maria Chiara Vitucci
- Maurizio Arcari, The future of the Articles on State Responsibility: A matter of form or of substance?
- Simon Olleson, The virtue of pragmatism: Reflections on the future of the Articles on State Responsibility
Conference: China and the Future of International Economic Law
Wednesday, June 29, 2022
New Issue: Homa Publica: Revista Internacional de Direitos Humanos e Empresas
- Dossier: Diligencia Debida en Derechos Humanos: fortalezas y debilidades de un mecanismo en construcción
- Lívia Peres de Souza, Maria Eduarda Mota Oliveira, & Marina Sanches Wünsch, Debida Diligencia en Materia de Derechos Humanos: una Mirada Crítica sobre la Historia y la Efectividad frente a la Arquitectura global de la Impunidad y la vanguardia legislativa en el ámbito de la Unión Europea
- Luiz Felype Gomes de Almeida, Valnei Pereira, & Victor Anderson Silva do Nascimento, Evaluación de Impacto en Diligencia Debida en Derechos Humanos: Contexto General y Propuestas Metodológicas
- Maria Chiara Marullo & Lorena Sales Pallarés, La diligencia debida y el cambio de paradigma en la protección del consumidor frente la información no financiera
- Wilfredo Sanguineti Raymond, La construcción de un nuevo Derecho Transnacional del Trabajo para las cadenas globales de valor
- Daniel Iglesias Márquez & Lucas Sebastián de Erice Aranda, La diligencia debida empresarial como mecanismo para reforzar el respeto de los derechos humanos laborales en América Latina
Ferracioli: Liberal Self-Determination in a World of Migration
The values of freedom and equality are at the heart of what it means for liberal states to do justice to their citizens. Yet, when it comes to the question of whether liberal states are capable of realizing the values of freedom and equality while controlling their borders, many philosophers are skeptical that liberalism and existing immigration arrangements can in fact be reconciled. After all, liberal states often deny entrance to prospective immigrants who are fleeing extreme forms of violence. They also often police their borders in ways that are discriminatory and stigmatizing, contributing to a situation where immigrants are treated as morally inferior by society at large. Such practices conflict strongly with any commitment to the values of freedom and equality.
Luara Ferracioli here focuses on three key questions regarding the movement of persons across international borders: What gives some residents of a liberal society a right to be considered citizens of that society such that they have a claim to make decisions with regard to its political future? And do citizens of a liberal society have a prima facie right to exclude prospective immigrants despite their commitment to the values of freedom and equality? Finally, if citizens have this prima facie right to exclude prospective immigrants, are there moral requirements regarding how they may exercise it? The book therefore tackles the most pressing philosophical questions that arise from immigration: the questions of who can exercise self-determination, and why they have such a right in the first place.
New Issue: International Journal of Human Rights
- Elinor Buys & Bridget Lewis, Environmental protection through European and African human rights frameworks
- Obed Adonteng-Kissi, Potential tension between children’s engagement in work and the rights of the child: resolving the conflict using margin of appreciation doctrine
- Bryan P. Galligan, Re-theorising the genocide–ecocide nexus: Raphael Lemkin and ecocide in the Amazon
- Melissa Farley, Making the connections: resource extraction, prostitution, poverty, climate change, and human rights
- Stefano Angeleri, Access to health care for Venezuelan irregular migrants in Colombia: between constitutional adjudication and human rights law
- Anushka Sehmi, Emphasising socio-economic narratives of truth, justice and reparations in The Prosecutor v. Dominic Ongwen
- Juan-Pablo Pérez-León-Acevedo, The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) vis-à-vis amnesties and pardons: factors concerning or affecting the degree of ECtHR’s deference to states
New Issue: GlobaLex
- Sabrina Sondhi, Transatlantic Turbulence – The European Union and United States Debate Over Passenger Data
- Heidi Frostestad Kuehl, A Basic Guide to International Environmental Legal Research
- Loren Turner, Researching the Harmonization of International Commercial Law
Oriolo: The Nicosia Convention: A Global Treaty to Fight Cultural Property Crimes
New Issue: International Interactions
- Hirotaka Fujibayashi, Why do states contribute to the global refugee governance? Fiscal burden-sharing in the post-2011 Syrian refugee crisis
- Hans-Inge Langø, Curtis M. Bell & Scott Wolford, Oil discovery, oil production, and coups d’état
- Bimal Adhikari, Jin Mun Jeong & Dursun Peksen, Compliant or defiant? Economic sanctions and United Nations General Assembly voting by target countries
- Hyo Won Lee, Yena Kim & Whasun Jho, Domestic politics and requests for UNESCO’s international assistance program
- Mihai Croicu & Kristine Eck, Reporting of non-fatal conflict events
- Scott J. Cook & Nils B. Weidmann, Race to the bottom: Spatial aggregation and event data
- Osman Zeki Gökçe & Emre Hatipoğlu, Documenting energy flows between states: The Global Energy Relations Dataset (GERD), 1978–2014
Buchan & Lubin: The Rights to Privacy and Data Protection in Times of Armed Conflict
Contemporary warfare yields a profound impact on the rights to privacy and data protection. Technological advances in the fields of electronic surveillance, predictive algorithms, big data analytics, user-generated evidence, artificial intelligence, cloud storage, facial recognition, and cryptography are redefining the scope, nature, and contours of military operations. Yet, international humanitarian law offers very few, if any, lex specialis rules for the lawful processing, analysis, dissemination, and retention of personal information. This edited anthology offers a pioneering account of the current and potential future application of digital rights in armed conflict.
Regilme & Hadiprayitno: Human Rights at Risk: Global Governance, American Power, and the Future of Dignity
Human Rights at Risk brings together social scientists, legal scholars, and humanities scholars to analyze the policy challenges of human rights protection in the twenty-first century. The volume is organized based on three overarching themes that highlight the challenges and risks in international human rights: international institutions and global governance of human rights; thematic blind spots in human rights protection; and the human rights challenges of the United States as a global and domestic actor amidst the contemporary global shifts to authoritarianism and illiberal populism. One of the very few books that offer new perspectives that envision the future of transnational human rights norms and human dignity from a multidisciplinary perspective, Human Rights at Risk comprehensively examines the causes and consequences of the challenges faced by international human rights. Scholars, students, and policy practitioners who are interested in the challenges and reform prospects of the international human rights regime, United States foreign policy, and international institutions will find this multidisciplinary volume an invaluable guide to the state of global politics in the twenty-first century.
Tuesday, June 28, 2022
New Issue: Journal of the History of International Law / Revue d'histoire du droit international
- Irini Papanicolopulu, The Historical Origins of the Duty to Save Life at Sea in International Law
- Fekade Abebe, Exclusion vs Cooperation in the Utilisation of Transboundary Watercourses: The Case for Decolonising the Nile Water Agreements
- So Yeon Kim, Making International Law Truly ‘International’? Reflecting on Colonial Approaches to the China-Vietnam Dispute in the South China Sea and the Tribute System
- Klaas Dykmann, Pan-Americanism as a Hemispheric Model for a Global Order? The Pan-American Peace Pact of 1914
New Issue: Journal of World Investment & Trade
- Laurence Boisson de Chazournes & Jaemin Lee, The European Union–Korea Free Trade Agreement Sustainable Development Proceeding: Reflections on a Ground-Breaking Dispute
- Tara Van Ho, Angels, Virgins, Demons, Whores: Moving Towards an Antiracist Praxis by Confronting Modern Investment Law Scholarship
- Caroline E. Foster, Why Due Regard Is More Appropriate than Proportionality Testing in International Investment Law
- Wendy Shidi Wu & Vanessa Tsang, Fair Game, Fair Play – The Advocacy of International Assistance for Developing Host States in Negotiating Investment Contracts
New Issue: Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies
- Russell Buchan, Emily Crawford, & Rain Liivoja, Rules-Based International Disorder
- Emily Camins, Between Rights, Sovereignty and Cooperation: Responding to Victims of Armed Conflict
- Alba Grembi, Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law in Greece: A Maritime Perspective
- Hilly Moodrick-Even Khen, ‘Bury Me Not, I Pray Thee, in Egypt: But I Will Lie with My Fathers’: The Right of Soldiers to Be Buried in their Homeland
- Tommaso Natoli, Improving Coherence between Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction through Formal and Informal International Lawmaking
- Mateusz Piątkowski, The Case of M/S Józef Conrad and Law of Air Warfare During the Vietnam War
- Marnie Lloydd, Brokers and Translators: Exploring the Limits of Pluralism in International Humanitarian Negotiation
Erueti: The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: A New Interpretative Approach
This book offers a distinctive approach to the key international instrument on indigenous rights, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Declaration) based on a new account of the political history of the international indigenous movement as it intersected with the Declaration's negotiation.
The current orthodoxy is to read the Declaration as containing human rights adapted to the indigenous situation. However, this reading does not do full justice to the complexity and diversity of indigenous peoples' participation in the Declaration negotiations. Instead, the book argues that the Declaration should be subject to a novel, mixed-model reading that views the Declaration as embodying two distinct normative strands that serve different types of indigenous peoples. Not only is this model supported by the Declaration's political history and legal argument, it provides a new and compelling theory of the bases of international indigenous rights while clarifying the vexed question of who qualifies as indigenous for the purposes of international law.
Monday, June 27, 2022
Kjaer & Lam: Language and Legal Interpretation in International Law
International law is usually communicated in more than one language and reflects common norms that lawyers and adjudicators across national legal cultures agree on and develop together. As a result, the negotiation of the wording and meaning of international legislative texts is an integral part of legal interpretation in international law. This book sheds light on that essential interpretation process.
Language and Legal Interpretation in International Law treats the subject from the perspective of recent legal and linguistic theories of meaning. Anne Lise Kjær and Joanna Lam bring together internationally renowned experts to provide strong theoretical and practical foundations for the study of legal interpretation in such fields as human rights law, international trade, investment and commercial law, EU law, and international criminal law. The volume explains how the positivist tradition—in which interpretation is understood as an automatic process by which judges simply apply the text of legislative instruments to specific fact situations—cannot be upheld in an era of pragmatic and cognitive meaning theories. Those theories instead focus on the context of interpretation and on the interpreter as a co-producer of meaning. Through a collection of thoroughly researched and timely essays, this book explores the linguistically and culturally diversified world of meaning-making in international law.
Inaugural Volume: ASCOMARE Yearbook on the Law of the Sea
- Law of the Sea, Interpretation and Definitions
- Ida Caracciolo, Unilateral Interests of States, Common Interests of States and Interests of Mankind: From Coexistence to Cooperation in the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
- Tullio Scovazzi, Some Remarks on Definitions in International Law of the Sea
- Felicity G. Attard, Limitations on the Duty to Render Assistance at Sea under International Law
- Marianthi Pappa & Chiara Pavesi, Protecting Non-State Actors’ Interests at Sea: Judicial Responses to the Silence of UNCLOS
- Léna Kim, The Place of Economic Actors in the Law of the Sea through the Lens of Nationality
- Ademun Ademun-Odeke, The Evolution, Nature and Application of ‘Private Ends’ in Piracy Definition
- Arron Honniball, Exclusive ‘Jurisdiction’ on the High Seas Revisited: The Diverging Conceptualisation and Application of Article 92 of UNCLOS in The Enrica Lexie Incident Award
- Henning Jessen, The Legal Understanding of the Term ‘Ship’ Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
- Patrick Balsano, UNCLOS and the Unfortunate Oversight of Cartography
- Frances Anggadi, The Meaning and Legal Significance of ‘Fringing Reefs’ in the LOSC, and Importance for Contemporary Challenges in the Law of the Sea
- Pierandrea Leucci, Enforcing fishery legislation in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Non-Parties to UNCLOS: A Commentary to Article 73
- Ilaria Vianello, Concluding Remarks
Meunier-Rubel: Interstitial Law-Making in Public International Law: A Study of Environmental Impact Assessments
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) requirements are quasi-universal. Praised as the core of the international legal response to ensure environmental protection, this procedure is an information tool for better public decision-making, which can contribute to empowering individuals and civic groups. Based on the historical background of the relevant norms and on case studies, Interstitial Law-Making in International Law: A Study of Environmental Impact Assessments verifies whether the role of procedure in secreting substantive law may be fulfilled in the distinctive legal system of public international law, while appraising how EIA requirements have been conceived and implemented as regards encouraging all international actors to behave in an environmentally conscious way, in a world of heterogeneous political regimes.
New Issue: Global Society
- Disentangling “Reverse Discourse(s)”
- Mikael Baaz & Mona Lilja, “Reverse Discourse” Revisited: Cracks, Formations, and a Complex Understanding of Power
- Mona Lilja, Theorising Resistance Formations: Reverse Discourses, Spatial Resistance and Networked Dissent
- Mikael Baaz & Mona Lilja, I Felt a Little Homosexual Today, So I Called in Sick: The Formation of “Reverse Discourse” by Swedish Gay Activists in the 1970s
- Ann E. Towns, WAW, No Women? Foucault’s Reverse Discourse and Gendered Subjects in Diplomatic Networks
- Mark Haugaard, Reverse Versus Radical Discourse: A Qualified Critique of Butler and Foucault, with an Alternative Interactive Theorisation
- Tiina Seppälä, “No One is Illegal” As a Reverse Discourse Against Deportability
- Marta Iñiguez de Heredia, Reversing “Liberal” Aspirations: A View from “Citizen’s” Movements in Africa
Sunday, June 26, 2022
Dias: Beyond Imperfect Justice: Legality and Fair Labelling in International Criminal Law
This book explores how the principles of legality and fair labelling have developed in international criminal law, from Nuremberg to the International Criminal Court and beyond. It features a comprehensive survey of domestic and international case law, treaties, and other materials, carefully unpacking the different rationales and elements of each principle and the various rules to which they apply. The book invites you to revisit landmark cases, such as those involving atrocities in the Former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Darfur, and Palestine, through a distinctive lens: the finding that all rules substantively affecting the human rights of the accused – from crimes and penalties to labels – must be sufficiently accessible and foreseeable to the ordinary person.
Terretta: Decolonizing International Law?: Rights Claims, Political Prisoners, and Political Refugees during French Cameroon's Transition from Trust Territory to State
This article analyzes the way that political actors, advocate lawyers, and European administrators leveraged the designations political prisoner, political refugee, and prohibited immigrant to claim rights for inhabitants of the UN trust territories of French Cameroon and British Cameroons in the 1950s. Incarcerated activists identified themselves as political prisoners as they claimed that their human rights were upheld by international legal norms outlined in UN documents such as the Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the Trusteeship Agreements, which bound administering authorities to uphold these principles. Having imposed politics onto the prison, Cameroonian nationalists who escaped repression in French Cameroon by fleeing to British territory politicized their exile as they claimed refugee status in British Cameroons, a territory they viewed as belonging to the nation they envisioned. In so doing, Cameroonian nationalists revealed embryonic refugee law to be more aspirational than universally applicable—but nonetheless laid claim to its protections in ways that did, in some cases, sway the courts. The focus on the legal cases of political prisoners and refugees shows how Cameroonian nationalists viewed the rights that international law established or promised as legitimizing their anti-colonial revolutionary state-building project. With the advocate lawyers who represented them, legally minded Cameroonian nationalists acted, defended, and claimed as though the trusteeship system had universalized a decolonized international law. Contributing to emerging scholarship on the relation of international law to global inequality in the decolonizing age, this article gives an account of a decolonizing worldmaking at the grassroots, where, through discrete legal cases, actors practiced articulating anti-colonial revolution with international law, contesting it and shaping it to their aspirations.
Smiley: Rebellion, Sovereignty, and Islamic Law in the Ottoman Age of Revolutions
This article traces how Ottoman interpretations and uses of Islamic law adapted to deal with non-Muslim rebellions between roughly 1769 and 1830. Drawing on Ottoman fatwas (legal opinions), bureaucratic registers, sultanic decrees, and chronicles, as well as British diplomatic records, it argues that the Ottoman state actively reinterpreted its commitment to the Islamic legal tradition in order to forge the law of rebellion into a weapon against both foreign and domestic enemies. The Ottomans first used declarations of rebellion to mobilize military forces against its imperial rivals, then to discourage and suppress domestic dissent, and finally to deny rebels’ sovereignty under international law. In doing so, the Sublime Porte effectively redefined sovereignty by interleaving Islamic and international concepts. The article places this development in global context, arguing that it resembled legal moves made by Atlantic states as they dealt with the Age of Revolutions. At the same time, this story shows how the Ottoman state’s commitment to Islamic law, and its employment of officially authorized scholars to interpret that law, could both license and constrain state policy. The Islamic legal tradition was flexible, but also meaningful. Interpretation occurred at different levels, and was done by different actors. While the state had significant latitude, it faced limits arising from the substance of the law and the process of interpretation itself.
Redgwell & Tzanakopoulos: Custom and Treaty Entanglements Revisited: The Concept of an Offshore or Outlying Archipelago in the Law of the Sea
This paper discusses whether claims to close off the waters of so-called 'offshore archipelagos' by non-archipelagic states are consistent with international law against the background of the relationship (and potential entanglement) between treaty and custom. First, it discusses the term ‘archipelagos’ and ‘archipelagic state’ in international law and traces its development and status before the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC). The paper then turns to the regulation of archipelagic states, and their rights and obligations, in the LOSC, against the background of the travaux preparatoires—ie the discussion in the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. We argue that the analysis demonstrates quite clearly that there is no basis for claiming rights accruing to an archipelagic state for non-archipelagic states that have sovereignty over one or more offshore archipelagos. This sets the stage for a discussion of possible arguments for ‘going beyond the LOSC’ and seeking to argue on the basis of customary international law, or, more timidly, practice. Hence, the paper addresses the relationship between treaty and custom and the argument that the question at hand is actually not regulated by the LOSC and remains subject to customary international law. Then, the paper discusses whether there is an argument that subsequent practice may have established the agreement of the parties that the relevant provisions of the LOSC are to be interpreted as allowing their invocation by non-archipelagic states with offshore archipelagos. Finally, the paper considers a potential argument regarding ‘supervening custom’, ie customary law that may have emerged since the adoption of the LOSC and that permits such claims by non-archipelagic states. We conclude that there is no basis for arguing that non-archipelagic states are able to claim any sort of special status for 'offshore archipelagos'.
Claussen: Next-Generation Agreements and the WTO
This paper reviews the trade agreement landscape and argues that the conventional understanding of trade agreements as encapsulated in the WTO Agreements is now outdated. This misperception about trade agreements is not just an institutional insufficiency. Concentration on those agreements has led many practitioners and commentators to underestimate the variable texture of the global trade agreement fabric.
But these shortcomings have not inhibited states from concluding innovative alternatives to regulate and manage the cross-border movement of goods and services. As this paper shows, trade-related agreements that do not fit the perceived traditional mold have proliferated. Given these advances, more policy and scholarly attention is required. Accordingly, this paper serves as a roadmap for the accommodation of trade agreements within the WTO and as an agenda for additional research.
Hamilton & Sluiter: Principles of Reparations at the International Criminal Court: Assessing Alternative Approaches
The system of reparations for victims at the International Criminal Court has been a heavily contested area of the Court’s mandate since the negotiation of the Rome Statute. The present chapter aims to offer a few critical reflections on the ICC’s law and practice on reparations and to reiterate the concerns of other scholars that the Court’s approach may have more to do with charitable donation than being persuasively rooted in a solid system of civil accountability.
Cohen & Powers: Judicialization and Public Support for Compliance with International Commitments
What effect does judicializing international commitments have on incentives to comply with international law? We study this question using experiments embedded in a survey of the American public. We find that non-compliance signals from an international court work precisely as theories of non-compliance anticipate, raising perceptions of legal obligation and support for returning to compliance relative to non-compliance signals from foreign state parties (i.e., the “victims” in a given dispute). At the same time, we find that signals from courts are no more (and no less) effective in generating public support for returning to compliance than identical non-compliance signals sent by international organizations or domestic political elites. These results suggest that courts are not uniquely positioned to shape the politics of compliance and that the often-rancorous debates over institutional design may be just as much conflicts over institutional control as they are conflicts over institutional forms or labels.
New Issue: Journal of International Criminal Justice
- Special Issue: International Criminal Justice in an ‘Age of Misinformation’
- Birju Kotecha & Daley J Birkett, International Criminal Justice in an ‘Age of Misinformation’: Guest Editors’ Introduction
- Gregory S Gordon, The Nuremberg Trials Public Communications Apparatus: Propaganda for WWII Healing and Cold War Positioning at the Dawn of PR in ICL
- Isabella Banks, Facilitating #dialogue or #buildingsupport? An Exploration of the International Criminal Court’s Use of 280 Characters
- Olga Kavran, The Special Tribunal for Lebanon and its Outreach Programme
- Mikkel Jarle Christensen, Zuzanna Godzimirska, & Julie Jarland, The International Criminal Justice Marketplace of Ideas: Setting the Agenda for Responses to Sexual Violence
- Line Engbo Gissel, Nomos and Narrative in International Criminal Justice: Creating the International Criminal Court
- Camilo Ramírez-Gutiérrez & Daniel R Quiroga-Villamarín, Shredded: Colombia’s Special Jurisdiction for Peace in an Increasingly Illiberal Context of Misinformation and Backlash
- Sergii Masol, Ukraine and the International Criminal Court: Between Realpolitik and Post-truth Politics
- Janet Anderson & Benjamin Duerr, In a Storm of Lies and Half-truths: The Role of Media Professionals in Spreading and Combatting Misinformation about the International Criminal Court
- Kyra Wigard & Guissou Jahangiri, The International Criminal Court and Afghanistan: A Tale of Misunderstandings and Misinformation
- Mathias Holvoet, International Criminal Liability for Spreading Disinformation in the Context of Mass Atrocity
- Jana Trifunović, Established Facts in an ‘Age of Misinformation’: A Contemporary Approach to Judicial Notice in International Criminal Law
- Michael Herz, Seeking Balance in How the International Criminal Court Communicates Prosecution and Defence Narratives to the Public
- Christopher ‘Kip’ Hale, Are We a Bigger Problem Than We Realize? International Criminal Justice and the Need for Self-scrutiny among (Online) Commentators