Saturday, February 18, 2023

Jovanovic: State Responsibility for ʻModern Slaveryʼ in Human Rights Law: A Right Not to Be Trafficked

Marija Jovanovic
(Univ. of Essex - Law) has published State Responsibility for ʻModern Slaveryʼ in Human Rights Law: A Right Not to Be Trafficked (Oxford Univ. Press 2023). Here's the abstract:

What is ‘modern slavery’ and who is responsible for it? What is the relevance of human rights law, which primarily regulates state conduct, for practices predominantly committed by private actors? Where can victims seek justice and redress when national authorities fail to protect them? These questions are the core focus of this book.

Marija Jovanovich analyses the role and responsibility of states for addressing ‘modern slavery’ – a diverse set of practices usually perpetrated by non-state actors – against the backdrop of international human rights law. It explores the dynamic between criminal law and human rights law and reveals the different ways these legal domains work to secure justice for victims. The book considers the ‘absolute’ nature of the prohibition of modern slavery in human rights law, the range of practices covered by this umbrella term and their mutual relationships, the positive obligations of states established by international human rights tribunals owed to individuals subject to modern slavery, and the standards for assessing state responsibility in these situations. By engaging with the concept of exploitation in human rights law, Jovanovich glues together diverse practices of modern slavery, including servitude, forced labour, and human trafficking, into a coherent concept. The book elucidates the theoretical foundations of this fundamental human right and explains why human trafficking has an independent place within it. In addition to providing a comprehensive critique of the existing human rights jurisprudence, this book offers a roadmap for the future development of law on this subject emphasizing the limits of human rights law as a tool for addressing modern slavery.

Stephan: The World Crisis and International Law: The Knowledge Economy and the Battle for the Future

Paul B. Stephan
(Univ. of Virginia - Law) has published The World Crisis and International Law: The Knowledge Economy and the Battle for the Future (Cambridge Univ. Press 2023). Here's the abstract:
The knowledge economy, a seeming wonder for the world, has caused unintended harms that threaten peace and prosperity and undo international cooperation and the international rule of law. The world faces threats of war, pandemics, growing domestic political discord, climate change, disruption of international trade and investment, immigration, and the pollution of cyberspace, just as international law increasingly falls short as a tool for managing these challenges. Prosperity dependent on meritocracy, open borders, international economic freedom, and a wide-open Internet has met its limits, with international law one of the first casualties. Any effective response to these threats must reflect the pathway by which these perils arrive. Part of the answer to these challenges, Paul B. Stephan argues, must include a re-conception of international law as arising out of pragmatic and limited experiments by states, rather than as grand projects to remake and redeem the world.

Thursday, February 16, 2023

Conference: Il controllo internazionale/Le contrôle international

On February 20-21, 2023, the Università degli Studi di Messina, the Società italiana di Diritto internazionale, and the Société française pour le droit international will hold a conference on "Il controllo internazionale/Le contrôle international" in Messina. Program and registration are here.

New Issue: Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy

The latest issue of the Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy (Vol. 25, no. 4, 2022) is out. Contents include:
  • Vijay Kumar, Varun Attri, D. S. Rana & S. K. Chauhan, ‘Crop Raiding’: Farmers’ Perspectives in Shiwalik Hills of North-Western Himalayas, India
  • Mahmood Kolnegari, Mandana Hazrati, Ali Akbar Basiri, Etezad Moghimi, Bahram Mohammadi, Iraj Valizadeh, Reza Jafari, Javad Behaaein, Hamid Reza Izadi, Ali Turk Qashqaei, Behrad Farkhondeh & Ebrahim Sharifipour, Development of a National Guideline: An Authorized Step Toward Coexistence Between Avian Populations and Power Companies in Iran
  • Andrey Shytov & Alexander Shytov, ‘The Calf Fighting The Oak’: A Fight Against Illegal Logging In Russia
  • Meharu Fekadu, Zerihun Girma, Girma Mengesha & Edilu Shona, A Comparative Study of Wildlife Law Awareness and Enforcement in Two Districts Administered under Two Distinct Regional States, Southern Ethiopia
  • Nikolas Sellheim & Jochen Schumacher, Increasing the Effectiveness of the Bonn Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species

Monday, February 13, 2023

New Issue: Italian Review of International and Comparative Law

The latest issue of the Italian Review of International and Comparative Law (Vol. 2, no. 2, 2022) is out. Contents include:
  • Essays on Judicial Precedent
    • Fulvio M. Palombino, Foreword 
    • Andrea Pin, The (In)evitability of Precedent
    • Gian Maria Farnelli, Federico Ferri, Mauro Gatti & Susanna Villani, Introduction: Judicial Precedent in International and European Law 
    • Khrystyna Gavrysh, Establishing Judicial Precedents Through Advisory Opinions of the European Court of Human Rights 
    • Niccolò Lanzoni, The Authority of ICJ Advisory Opinions as Precedents: The Mauritius/ Maldives Case 
    • Caterina Milo, Tackling Lacunae in International Courts and Tribunals’ Procedure: The Role of External Precedent 
    • Roberto Ruoppo, Common Features of the Right to Property and International Investments: Evidence from the use of ECtHR Case law in Investment Tribunals’ Decisions 
    • Niccolò Zugliani, A Role for Precedent in the Determination of the Standard of Review Applicable by Investment Arbitral Tribunals? A Case Study of ect-based Energy Disputes Against Spain 
    • Martina Di Gaetano, The Use of Judicial Precedent as a Form of Activism by the Court of Justice: Strengthening the Union’s Powers to Protect the Rule of Law 
  • Case Notes
    • Francesca Maoli, Medically Assisted Procreation and Same-Sex Couples: The Italian Corte di Cassazione Stands its Ground: Note to: Corte di Cassazione (Sezioni Unite Civili), 4 April 2022, No. 10844 
    • Pietro Pustorino & Marta Sabino, Passive Extradition: The Corte di Cassazione Rules on the Need to Verify whether, Especially in Time of War, Detention Conditions and Punishments in the Requesting State May Violate Fundamental Human Rights, also Taking into Consideration the Health Status of the Individual: Note to Corte di Cassazione (Sezione vi penale), Criminal proceedings Against A.S., 1 March 2022, No. 10656
  • Recent Developments
    • Andrea Spagnolo, The Armed Attack Against Ukraine and the Italian Reaction From a Ius ad Bellum Perspective

Sunday, February 12, 2023

Lecture: Paige on "The Importance of Storytelling to International Law"

On February 13, 2023, Tamsin Phillipa Paige (Deakin Law School) will deliver a lecture as part of the 2022-2023 Essex Public International Law Lecture Series. The topic is: "The Importance of Storytelling to International Law." Details are here.

Call for Papers: Forests at the Crossroads of International Law

The University of Copenhagen Centre for International Law and Governance has issued a call for papers for a workshop on “Forests at the Crossroads of International Law,” which will take place September 4-5, 2023, in Copenhagen. The call is here.