Thursday, September 23, 2021

Fox: Old and New Peace Agreements

Gregory H. Fox (Wayne State Univ. - Law) has posted Old and New Peace Agreements (Seton Hall Law Review, forthcoming). Here's the abstract:

What should international law make of peace agreements? In the Nineteenth Century, when treaties regularly ended inter-state armed conflicts (IACs), the answer was easy. Peace agreements were binding treaties whose terms could be freely dictated by the winning side. Peace agreements also signaled that a series of rules specific to wartime were no longer operable. Contemporary peace agreements share neither of these characteristics. This is because they largely end non-international armed conflicts (NIACs). Agreements between governments and rebels do not meet the definition of a binding treaty. And IAC agreements’ signaling function has long passed into obsolescence. How then, if at all, do new NIAC peace agreements engage with international law?

This article argues that international law has become critical to their genesis in two respects. First, the agreements parallel international law’s concern with governance issues by restructuring domestic institutions. Their governance focus is the logical consequence of international law’s refusal to “resolve” NIACs through large-scale and violent changes to national borders or demographic profiles. Former combatants must live with each other and NIAC agreements seek to structure their peaceful co-existence.

Second, all stages of NIAC agreements have become heavily multilateralized. International actors wield incentives and sanctions from the onset of conflict through the agreements’ implementation. In so doing, they radically expand the factors militating toward a peace settlement. These added factors, especially those providing a “credible commitment” of enforcing the agreement, reconfigure the parties’ incentives as to whether or not a negotiated end to conflict will serve their interests.

Tuesday, September 21, 2021

New Additions to the UN Audiovisual Library of International Law

The Codification Division of the UN Office of Legal Affairs recently added new materials to the UN Audiovisual Library of International Law website. They include a lecture given by Inga Winkler on “The Human Rights to Water and Sanitation” and an introductory note by Daniel Bodansky on the Paris Agreement, 2015.

The Audiovisual Library of International Law is also available as a podcast on SoundCloud and can also be accessed through the relevant preinstalled applications on Apple or Google devices, or through the podcast application of your preference by searching “Audiovisual Library of International Law.”

Lissowsky: Das Menschenrecht auf Reparationen: Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Umsetzung am Internationalen Strafgerichtshof

Michaela Lissowsky
has published Das Menschenrecht auf Reparationen: Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Umsetzung am Internationalen Strafgerichtshof (Duncker & Humblot 2021). Here's the abstract:
Die Opfer internationaler Straftaten haben schwerstes physisches und psychisches Leid erfahren. Mit Recht fordern sie auch noch nach Jahrzehnten Reparationen für die erlittenen Schäden und schweren Menschenrechtsverletzungen. Die Autorin weist in ihrer interdisziplinären Studie, welche Erkenntnisse der Philosophie, Rechtswissenschaft und Politikwissenschaft einbezieht, nach, dass der Anspruch der Opfer auf Reparationen menschenrechtlich fundiert ist. Insoweit erweist sich die Anerkennung von Opferwerdung und Opfersein als Voraussetzung des Menschenrechts auf Reparationen und sein gerechtigkeitsschaffendes Prinzip. Zugleich verklammert die Autorin diese Grundsatzreflexionen mit einer konkreten institutionellen Problembeschreibung der Reparationspraxis am Trust Fund for Victims des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs. Dabei legt sie die Defizite der Operationalisierung des Menschenrechts auf Reparationen am IStGH schonungslos offen.

Call for Venues: 8th Biennial SIEL Global Conference 2023

The Society of International Economic Law has issued a call for venues for the Eighth Biennial SIEL Conference, to be held in July 2023. The call is open to all institutions (including consortia or collaborations of institutions) active in the field of international economic law. Proposals must be submitted by November 30, 2021. The call is here.

Cusato: The Ecology of War and Peace: Marginalising Slow and Structural Violence in International Law

Eliana Cusato
(Univ. of Amsterdam) has published The Ecology of War and Peace: Marginalising Slow and Structural Violence in International Law (Cambridge Univ. Press 2021). Here's the abstract:
The connection between ecology and conflict has been the object of extensive study by political scientists and economists. From the contribution of natural resource 'scarcity' to violent unrest and armed conflict; to resource 'abundance' as an incentive for initiating and prolonging armed struggles; to dysfunctional resource management and environmental degradation as obstacles to peacebuilding, this literature has exerted a huge influence upon academic discussions and policy developments. While international law is often invoked as the solution to the socio-environmental challenges faced by conflict-affected countries, its relationship with the ecology of war and peace remains undertheorised. Drawing upon environmental justice perspectives and other theoretical traditions, the book unpacks and problematizes some of the assumptions that underlie the legal field. Through an analysis of the practice of international courts, the UN Security Council, and Truth Commissions, it shows how international law silences and even normalizes forms of structural and slow environmental violence.

Monday, September 20, 2021

Verdebout: Rewriting Histories of the Use of Force: The Narrative of 'Indifference'

Agatha Verdebout
(Université Catholique de Lille) has published Rewriting Histories of the Use of Force: The Narrative of 'Indifference' (Cambridge Univ. Press 2021). Here's the abstract:
It is commonly taught that the prohibition of the use of force is an achievement of the twentieth century and that beforehand States were free to resort to the arms as they pleased. International law, the story goes, was 'indifferent' to the use of force. 'Reality' as it stems from historical sources, however, appears much more complex. Using tools of history, sociology, anthropology and social psychology, this monograph offers new insights into the history of the prohibition of the use of force in international law. Conducting in-depth analysis of nineteenth century doctrine and State practice, it paves the way for an alternative narrative on the prohibition of force, and seeks to understand the origins of international law's traditional account. In so doing, it also provides a more general reflection on how the discipline writes, rewrites and chooses to remember its own history.

Sunday, September 19, 2021

New Issue: Journal of World Investment & Trade

The latest issue of the Journal of World Investment & Trade (Vol. 22, no. 4, 2021) is out. Contents include:
  • Special Issue: National Security, Private Actors, and Political Risk: Judicial and Non-Judicial Responses
    • Stephan W Schill & Geraldo Vidigal, National Security, Private Actors, and Political Risk: Judicial and Non-Judicial Responses: An Introduction
    • Momchil Milanov, A Lauterpachtian Affair: Security Exceptions as ‘Self-Judging Obligations’ in the Case Law of the International Court of Justice and Beyond
    • Cheng Bian, Foreign Direct Investment Screening and National Security: Reducing Regulatory Hurdles to Investors Through Induced Reciprocity
    • Teoman M. Hagemeyer & Jens Hillebrand Pohl, Managing the Risk of Self-Judging Security Exceptions Through Insurance: How Recent Mergers and Acquisitions Practice Copes with Investment Screening

Call for Submissions: Intergovernmental Organisations In-House Counsel Journal

The Intergovernmental Organisations In-House Counsel Journal has issued a call for submissions for its next volume. The call is here.

New Issue: International Affairs

The latest issue of International Affairs (Vol. 97, no. 5, September 2021) is out. Contents include:
  • Leah De Haan, Editorial 50:50 in 2020: International Affairs gender balance report 2021
  • Special Issue: Deglobalization? The Future of the Liberal International Order
    • Markus Kornprobst & T V Paul, Globalization, deglobalization and the liberal international order
    • Norrin M Ripsman, Globalization, deglobalization and Great Power politics
    • Steve Chan, Challenging the liberal order: the US hegemon as a revisionist power
    • Benjamin Miller, How ‘making the world in its own liberal image’ made the West less liberal
    • Umut Aydin, Emerging middle powers and the liberal international order
    • Dorit Geva & Felipe G Santos, Europe's far-right educational projects and their vision for the international order
    • John M Owen, Two emerging international orders? China and the United States
    • Jozef Bátora, States, interstitial organizations and the prospects for liberal international order
    • Katharina P Coleman & Brian L Job, How Africa and China may shape UN peacekeeping beyond the liberal international order
    • Jarrod Hayes & Katja Weber, Globalization, deglobalization and human security: the case of Myanmar
    • Steven E Lobell & Jordan Ernstsen, The liberal international trading order (LITO) in an era of shifting capabilities
    • Mark R Brawley, Globalization/deglobalization: lessons from liberal monetary orders
    • Aseema Sinha, Understanding the ‘crisis of the institution’ in the liberal trade order at the WTO
    • Markus Kornprobst & Stephanie Strobl, Global health: an order struggling to keep up with globalization
    • Jeannette Money, Globalization, international mobility and the liberal international order
    • Navnita Chadha Behera, Globalization, deglobalization and knowledge production
    • T V Paul, Globalization, deglobalization and reglobalization: adapting liberal international order

New Issue: International Studies Review

The latest issue of International Studies Review (Vol. 23, no. 3, September 2021) is out. Contents include:
  • Katharina P Coleman, Magnus Lundgren, & Kseniya Oksamytna, Slow Progress on UN Rapid Deployment: The Pitfalls of Policy Paradigms in International Organizations
  • Johanna Söderström, Malin Åkebo, & Anna K Jarstad, Friends, Fellows, and Foes: A New Framework for Studying Relational Peace
  • Tyler Evans, Daniel J Milton, & Joseph K Young, Choosing to Fight, Choosing to Die: Examining How ISIS Foreign Fighters Select Their Operational Roles
  • Elise Rousseau & Stephane J Baele, “Filthy Lapdogs,” “Jerks,” and “Hitler”: Making Sense of Insults in International Relations
  • Janine Natalya Clark, Beyond “Bouncing”: Resilience as an Expansion–Contraction Dynamic within a Holonic Frame
  • Sara McLaughlin Mitchell & Elise Pizzi, Natural Disasters, Forced Migration, and Conflict: The Importance of Government Policy Responses
  • Courtenay R Conrad & Nathan W Monroe, Legislative Process in International Organizations
  • Gerasimos Tsourapas, Global Autocracies: Strategies of Transnational Repression, Legitimation, and Co-Optation in World Politics
  • Mathis Lohaus & Wiebke Wemheuer-Vogelaar, Who Publishes Where? Exploring the Geographic Diversity of Global IR Journals
  • Allard Duursma, Pinioning the Peacekeepers: Sovereignty, Host-State Resistance against Peacekeeping Missions, and Violence against Civilians
  • Cesare M Scartozzi, Reframing Climate-Induced Socio-Environmental Conflicts: A Systematic Review
  • Yuna Han & Sophie T Rosenberg, Claiming Equality: The African Union's Contestation of the Anti-Impunity Norm
  • Shpend Kursani, Reconsidering the Contested State in Post-1945 International Relations: An Ontological Approach
  • Julia Kreienkamp & Tom Pegram, Governing Complexity: Design Principles for the Governance of Complex Global Catastrophic Risks
  • Matthew D Stephen, China's New Multilateral Institutions: A Framework and Research Agenda
  • Michiel van Ingen, Sublating the Naturalism/Anti-Naturalism Problematic: Critical Realism, Critical Naturalism, and the Question of Methodology
  • Tore Fougner, Engaging the “Animal Question” in International Relations
  • Juan Masullo, Refusing to Cooperate with Armed Groups Civilian Agency and Civilian Noncooperation in Armed Conflicts
  • Jørgen Møller, Medieval Origins of the European State System: The Catholic Church as Midwife
  • Eric Helleiner, The Return of National Self-Sufficiency? Excavating Autarkic Thought in a De-Globalizing Era
  • Marcel Kaba, NGO Accountability: A Conceptual Review across the Engaged Disciplines

Call for Submissions: Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies

The Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies has issued a call for submissions for its Winter/Spring 2022 issue. The call is here.