As sexual violence in conflict – predominantly affecting women and girls – appears to increase in prevalence, gender justice advocates are calling for a reparations model that is not only restorative, but also, and more critically, preventative or transformative. This article asks whether the reparations mandate of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Trust Fund for Victims has the potential to address the pre-conflict structural inequalities that often contribute to the sexual violence and harm experienced during and post-conflict. Drawing on social theorist Nancy Fraser's model of trivalent justice and the ICC's first reparations decision in Lubanga, this article argues that the design of the ICC's court-ordered reparations mandate, and the unrealistic expectations it raises, may make it untenable to support the key transformative elements of recognition, representation and redistribution essential to addressing structural inequities contributing to conflict-related sexual violence. It suggests however, that modifying initiatives of the ICC's Trust Fund for Victims and a greater emphasis by the ICC on the notion of member state “reparative complementarity” may provide mechanisms for transforming conditions that trigger and perpetuate gender violence during conflict.
Monday, September 8, 2014
Durbach & Chappell: Leaving Behind the Age of Impunity: Victims of Gender Violence and the Promise of Reparations
Andrea Durbach (Univ. of New South Wales) & Louise Chappell (Univ. of New South Wales) have posted Leaving Behind the Age of Impunity: Victims of Gender Violence and the Promise of Reparations (International Feminist Journal of Politics, forthcoming). Here's the abstract: