Kenya's 2013 election was supremely important, but for a reason not normally highlighted or discussed. Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto's run for president and deputy president as International Criminal Court (ICC) indictees was a key strategy to deflect the court and to insulate themselves from its power once they won the election. The paper maintains that the strategy entailed a set of delaying tactics and other pressures to ensure that the trials would not take place until after the election when their political power could be used to maximum effect to halt or delay them. However, unlike in 2007–08, the 2013 election did not result in mass violence. The Kenyatta–Ruto alliance united former ethnic antagonists in a defensive reaction to the ICC. The analysis has implications for theories seeking to explain why countries ratify and comply with treaties. It develops an alternative political economy argument to account for outliers like Kenya and has implications for international criminal justice and democracy in Kenya.
Friday, February 21, 2014
Mueller: Kenya and the International Criminal Court (ICC): Politics, the Election and the Law
Susanne D. Mueller (Boston Univ. - African Studies Center) has published Kenya and the International Criminal Court (ICC): Politics, the Election and the Law (Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 25-42, 2014). Here's the abstract: