Friday, August 30, 2019

New Issue: Journal of Conflict Resolution

The latest issue of the Journal of Conflict Resolution (Vol. 63, no. 9, October 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Articles
    • Richard Traunmüller, Sara Kijewski, & Markus Freitag, The Silent Victims of Sexual Violence during War: Evidence from a List Experiment in Sri Lanka
    • Shanna Kirschner & Adam Miller, Does Peacekeeping Really Bring Peace? Peacekeepers and Combatant-perpetrated Sexual Violence in Civil Wars
    • Emily Kalah Gade, Michael Gabbay, Mohammed M. Hafez, & Zane Kelly, Networks of Cooperation: Rebel Alliances in Fragmented Civil Wars
    • Ursula Daxecker, Jessica Di Salvatore, & Andrea Ruggeri, Fraud Is What People Make of It: Election Fraud, Perceived Fraud, and Protesting in Nigeria
    • Patricia Justino & Bruno Martorano, Redistributive Preferences and Protests in Latin America
    • Marina G. Petrova, What Matters Is Who Supports You: Diaspora and Foreign States as External Supporters and Militants’ Adoption of Nonviolence
    • Yoram Z. Haftel & Stephanie C. Hofmann, Rivalry and Overlap: Why Regional Economic Organizations Encroach on Security Organizations
  • Data Set Feature
    • Patricia Lynne Sullivan & Johannes Karreth, Strategies and Tactics in Armed Conflict: How Governments and Foreign Interveners Respond to Insurgent Threats

Allen, Costelloe, Fitzmaurice, Gragl, & Guntrip: The Oxford Handbook of Jurisdiction in International Law

Stephen Allen (Queen Mary, Univ. of London - Law), Daniel Costelloe (Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP), Malgosia Fitzmaurice (Queen Mary, Univ. of London - Law), Paul Gragl (Queen Mary, Univ. of London - Law), & Edward Guntrip (Univ. of Sussex - Law) have published The Oxford Handbook of Jurisdiction in International Law (Oxford Univ. Press 2019). Contents include:
  • Stephen Allen, Daniel Costelloe, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Paul Gragl, & Edward Guntrip, Introduction: Defining State Jurisdiction and Jurisdiction in International Law
  • Kaius Tuori, The Beginnings of State Jurisdiction in International Law until 1648
  • Stephane Beaulac, The Lotus Case in Context - Sovereignty, Westphalia, Vattel, Positivism
  • Nurfadzilah Yahaya, The European Concept of Legal Jurisdiction in the Colonies
  • Stephan Wittich, Immanuel Kant and Jurisdiction in International Law
  • Helen Quane, Navigating Diffuse Jurisdictions: An Intra-State Perspective
  • Paul Schiff Berman, Jurisdictional Pluralism
  • Mariana Valverde, Deepening the Conversation Between Sociolegal Theory and Legal Scholarship About Jurisdiction
  • Shaun McVeigh, Critical Approaches to Jurisdiction and International Law
  • Cedric Ryngaert, Cosmopolitan Jurisdiction and the National Interest
  • Paul Gragl, Jurisdictional Immunities of the State in International Law
  • Dino Kritsiotis, The Establishment, Change, and Expansion of Jurisdiction through Treaties
  • Uta Kohl, Territoriality and Globalization
  • Alex Mills, Private law Regulation and Private Interests in Public International Law Jurisdiction
  • Kimberly Trapp, Jurisdiction and State Responsibility
  • Stephen Allen, Enforcing Criminal Jurisdiction in the Clouds and International Law's Enduring Commitment to Territoriality
  • Wouter Vandehole, The 'J' word: Driver or Spoiler of Change in Human Rights Law?
  • Edward Guntrip, International Investment Law, Hybrid Authority and Jurisdiction Daniel Costelloe, Concepts of State Jurisdiction in the Contentious and Advisory Jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice and the Permanent Court of International Justice
  • Georg Kerschischnig & Blanca Montejo The Evolving Nature of the Jurisdiction of the Security Council - a Look at Twenty-First Century Practice
  • Kirsten Schmalenbach, International Criminal Jurisdiction Revisited
  • James Summers, Jurisdiction and International Territorial Administration

New Issue: International Studies Quarterly

The latest issue of the International Studies Quarterly (Vol. 63, no. 3, September 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Special Section: Judicializing International Relations
    • Karen J Alter, Emilie M Hafner-Burton, & Laurence R Helfer, Theorizing the Judicialization of International Relations
    • Marc L Busch & Krzysztof J Pelc, Words Matter: How WTO Rulings Handle Controversy
    • Jeffrey K Staton & Alexia Romero, Rational Remedies: The Role of Opinion Clarity in the Inter-American Human Rights System
    • Olof Larsson & Daniel Naurin, Split Vision: Multidimensionality in the European Union's Legal Policy Space
    • Yonatan Lupu, Pierre-Hugues Verdier, & Mila Versteeg, The Strength of Weak Review: National Courts, Interpretive Canons, and Human Rights Treaties
    • Daniel Abebe & Tom Ginsburg, The Dejudicialization of International Politics?
  • Diplomacy
    • Rebecca Adler-Nissen & Alena Drieschova, Track-Change Diplomacy: Technology, Affordances, and the Practice of International Negotiations
    • David E Banks, Fields of Practice: Symbolic Binding and the Qing Defense of Sinocentric Diplomacy
  • IPE
    • Pippa Morgan & Yu Zheng, Tracing the Legacy: China's Historical Aid and Contemporary Investment in Africa
    • Daniela Donno & Nita Rudra, David and Goliath? Small Developing Countries, Large Emerging Markets, and South-South Preferential Trade Agreements
    • Witold J Henisz & Edward D Mansfield, The Political Economy of Financial Reform: de Jure Liberalization vs. de Facto Implementation
    • Todd Allee & Manfred Elsig, Are the Contents of International Treaties Copied and Pasted? Evidence from Preferential Trade Agreements
  • Civil War Processes
    • Stuart J Kaufman, War as Symbolic Politics
    • Marisella Rodriguez & Brandon J Kinne, Blue Helmets, Red Flags: Institutional, Societal, and Military Determinants of Peacekeeping Abuses
    • Caroline A Hartzell & Matthew Hoddie, Power Sharing and the Rule of Law in the Aftermath of Civil War
    • Inken von Borzyskowski, The Risks of Election Observation: International Condemnation and Post-Election Violence
    • Laura McLeod, Investigating “Missing” Women: Gender, Ghosts, and the Bosnian Peace Process
    • Sarah G Phillips, Proximities of Violence: Civil Order Beyond Governance Institutions
    • Noel Anderson, Competitive Intervention, Protracted Conflict, and the Global Prevalence of Civil War
  • IR Theory
    • Seva Gunitsky, Rival Visions of Parsimony
    • Joseph MacKay, Legitimation Strategies in International Hierarchies
  • Domestic Politics
    • Suthan Krishnarajan, Economic Crisis, Natural Resources, and Irregular Leader Removal in Autocracies
    • Michael E Flynn, Carla Martinez Machain, & Alissandra T Stoyan, Building Trust: The Effect of US Troop Deployments on Public Opinion in Peru
    • Hannah S Chapman & Theodore P Gerber, Opinion-Formation and Issue-Framing Effects of Russian News in Kyrgyzstan

Thursday, August 29, 2019

New Issue: Journal of International Dispute Settlement

The latest issue of the Journal of International Dispute Settlement (Vol. 10, no. 3, September 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Articles
    • Niccolò Ridi, ‘Mirages of an Intellectual Dreamland’? Ratio, Obiter and the Textualization of International Precedent
    • Dafina Atanasova, Applicable Law Provisions in Investment Treaties: Forever Midnight Clauses?
    • Aikaterini Florou, Adverse Inferences and Penalty Default Rules in International Investment Arbitration: A Policy Approach to the Production of Evidence
    • Damien Charlotin, A Data Analysis of the Iran–US Claims Tribunal’s Jurisprudence—Lessons for International Dispute-Settlement Today
    • Stavros Brekoulakis, The Evolution of Public Policy and Judicial Function in English Law
  • Current Developments
    • Jean-Michel Marcoux, Transnational Public Policy as an International Practice in Investment Arbitration

Wednesday, August 28, 2019

Pehl: Repräsentative Auslegung völkerrechtlicher Verträge

Alexander Pehl has published Repräsentative Auslegung völkerrechtlicher Verträge (Nomos 2019). Here's the abstract:
Unmittelbar den Vertragsparteien zurechenbare und in diesem Sinne repräsentative Auslegung ist geeignet, die Vertragsanwendung in enge, vorhersehbare Bahnen zu lenken. Sie spielt angesichts der Neigung internationaler Gerichte und Schiedsgerichte zu einer dynamischen Auslegung eine besondere Rolle. Eine solche repräsentative Vertragsauslegung ist vor allem im Bereich des internationalen Wirtschaftsrechts vorgesehen. Das WTO-Übereinkommen, das IWF-Statut und insbesondere eine ganze Reihe neuerer Investitions- und Handelsabkommen enthalten spezielle Auslegungsklauseln. Daneben räumt die Wiener Vertragsrechtskonvention in Art. 31 Abs. 3 lit. a Übereinkünften der Vertragsparteien eine wesentliche Rolle bei der Vertragsauslegung ein. Dieses Werk beleuchtet die Hintergründe repräsentativer Vertragsauslegung, untersucht ihre Wirkung, die Mechanismen ihres Zustandekommens, lotet ihre Grenzen aus und beurteilt schließlich, ob es sich dabei um ein sinnvolles Instrument handelt.

Khan: Basel Convention Parties Take Global Lead on Mitigating Plastic Pollution

Sabaa A. Khan (Univ. of Eastern Finland - Center for Climate Change, Energy and Environmental Law) has posted an ASIL Insight on Basel Convention Parties Take Global Lead on Mitigating Plastic Pollution.

New Issue: Virginia Journal of International Law

The latest issue of the Virginia Journal of International Law (Vol. 59, no. 1, Spring 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Articles
    • Christine Abely, E-Commerce Transactions and Country of Origin Marking for Imported Products: A Gap Between Statutory Purpose and Legal Requirements
    • Jennifer Maddocks, Outsourcing of Governmental Functions in Contemporary Conflict: Rethinking the Issue of Attribution
    • Austen Parrish, Personal Jurisdiction: The Transnational Difference

New Issue: Archiv des Völkerrechts

The latest issue of Archiv des Völkerrechts (Vol. 57, no. 2, June 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • 100 Jahre ILO
    • Bernd Waas, Die Normüberwachung durch den ILO-Sachverstän-digenausschuss für die Durchführung der Übereinkommen und Empfehlungen
    • Janice R. Bellace, The ILO Supervisory System post-2012: Back on Track?
    • Eva Kocher, Transnationales Arbeitsrecht? Corporate Social Responsibility und Internationales Recht
    • Hendric Stolzenberg, Inspection of the Inspectors: Is the European Commission Sufficiently Prosecuting Violations of ILO Conventions under the GSP Regulation?
    • Claudia Maria Hofmann, „Summer is coming“: Zur Gegenwartund möglichen Zukunft der ILO-Aktivitäten im Bereich nach-haltiger Entwicklung

Dam-de Jong: Building a sustainable peace: How peace processes shape and are shaped by the international legal framework for the governance of natural resources

Daniëlla Dam‐de Jong (Leiden Univ. - Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies) has posted Building a sustainable peace: How peace processes shape and are shaped by the international legal framework for the governance of natural resources (Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law, forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
Natural resources are strongly connected to the onset, duration and recurrence of armed conflicts. However, even after an armed conflict has formally ended, natural resources can be an important trigger for a relapse into armed conflict. For these reasons, it is of the utmost importance, both from a security and a development perspective, to address natural resources as an integral part of the peace process. This article aims to assess how provisions in peace agreements addressing natural resource governance are embedded in the international legal framework. It inquires into the particularities and legal nature of peace agreements and examines the various functions of natural resource arrangements as part of peace agreements. Finally, as each category of natural resources comes with distinct legal questions and peacebuilding challenges, the article zooms in on water governance as a case study to explore the different ways in which natural resource arrangements in peace agreements and international law interact. The analysis is based on a study of 40 intra‐State agreements, including the 2015 South Sudan agreement, the 2015 Mali agreement and the 2016 Colombian agreement.

Tuesday, August 27, 2019

Stilz: Territorial Sovereignty: A Philosophical Exploration

Anna Stilz (Princeton Univ. - Politics) has published Territorial Sovereignty: A Philosophical Exploration (Oxford Univ. Press 2019). Here's the abstract:
Territorial Sovereignty: A Philosophical Exploration offers a qualified defense of a territorial states-system. It argues that three core values-occupancy, basic justice, and collective self-determination-are served by an international system made up of self-governing, spatially defined political units. The defense is qualified because the book does not actually justify all the sovereignty rights states currently claim, and that are recognized in international law. Instead, the book proposes important changes to states' sovereign prerogatives, particularly with respect to internal autonomy for political minorities, immigration, and natural resources. Part I of the book argues for a right of occupancy, holding that a legitimate function of the international system is to specify and protect people's preinstitutional claims to specific geographical places. Part II turns to the question of how a state might acquire legitimate jurisdiction over a population of occupants. It argues that the state will have a right to rule a population and its territory if it satisfies conditions of basic justice and also facilitates its people's collective self-determination. Finally, Parts III and IV of this book argue that the exclusionary sovereignty rights to control over borders and natural resources that can plausibly be justified on the basis of the three core values are more limited than has traditionally been thought.

New Issue: Global Summitry

The latest issue of Global Summitry (Vol. 4, no. 1, Summer 2018) is out. Contents include:
  • Thomas G Weiss, The UN and Multilateralism under Siege in the “Age of Trump”
  • Michael Doyle & Emma Borgnäs, The Model International Mobility Convention: Finding a Path to a Better International Mobility Regime
  • Peter Draper, Andreas Freytag, Christoph Dörffel, & Sebastian Schuhmann, Trade, Inclusive Development, and the Global Order
  • Devin T Rafferty, The IMF’s “New” Institutional View: An Unwitting Trojan Horse for International Financial Fragility
  • Andrew F Cooper, “Rising” States and Global Reach: Measuring “Globality” among BRICS/MIKTA Countries

Vordermayer: Justice for the Enemy? Die Verteidigung deutscher Kriegsverbrecher durch britische Offiziere in Militärgerichtsprozessen nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (1945-1949)

Margaretha Franziska Vordermayer has published Justice for the Enemy? Die Verteidigung deutscher Kriegsverbrecher durch britische Offiziere in Militärgerichtsprozessen nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (1945-1949) (Nomos 2019). Here's the abstract:

In der britischen Besatzungszone wurden von 1945 bis 1949 insgesamt 329 Militärgerichtsprozesse durchgeführt. In diesen Verfahren nahmen neben deutschen Anwälten auch 46 britische Offiziere ein Mandat als Pflichtverteidiger wahr. Das Aufeinandertreffen von deutschen Angeklagten, britischen Verteidigern, Anklägern und Richtern schuf vor Gericht eine spannungsreiche und spezifische Form der transnationalen Begegnung.

Im Zentrum der Studie steht die heute weithin vergessene Rolle der britischen Offiziere, die mutmaßliche deutsche Kriegsverbrecher vertraten und das öffentliche Bild ihrer Mandanten maßgeblich prägten. Die verhandelten Verbrechenskomplexe und die Angeklagten werden anhand von bislang kaum erforschten Quellen ebenso differenziert beleuchtet wie der Verlauf und die Urteile der insgesamt 34 Prozesse. Zusätzlich eröffnen Ansätze der Transitional-Justice-Forschung einen Zugang zu den analysierten Militärgerichtsverfahren – ihren Hintergründen, Protagonisten und, nicht zuletzt, Folgewirkungen.

Between 1945 and 1949, a total of 329 court martials were conducted in the British occupation zone in Germany. In addition to German lawyers, 46 British officers took on a mandate as public defenders. German lawyers, British defence counsels, prosecutors and judges created a specific form of transnational cooperation in these tribunals.

At the heart of this study is the now largely forgotten role of British officers who represented alleged German war criminals in military courts and significantly shaped the public image of their clients. The study illuminates the defendants who were prosecuted and the crimes they were accused of on the basis of sources that have barely been explored so far, as well as the proceedings and the judgements of the 34 tribunals. In addition to the description of the tribunals, concepts of transitional justice provide further access to these military court cases and the British defenders who operated there—their backgrounds, their protagonists and, not least, their consequences.

Mendes de Leon & Buissing: Behind and Beyond the Chicago Convention: The Evolution of Aerial Sovereignty

Pablo Mendes de Leon (Leiden Univ. - Law) & Niall Buissing (Leiden Univ.) have published Behind and Beyond the Chicago Convention: The Evolution of Aerial Sovereignty (Wolters Kluwer 2019). The table of contents is here. Here's the abstract:
Behind and Beyond the Chicago Convention is intended to analyse the concept of sovereignty in international civil aviation, how it evolved in the course of times, how it related to European integration process and to air traffic management. The meaning of sovereignty has been analysed philosophically and linked to current conceptions in an evolutionary process. The Convention on International Civil Aviation that concluded in Chicago on 7 December 1944, commonly referred to as the Chicago Convention, is one of the most ratified multilateral agreements currently in force, with 193 States Parties. In this deeply informative book, commemorating the 75th birthday of the Convention on International Civil Aviation, thirty-three of the most distinguished authors in aviation law offer perspectives on the quality of the Convention’s achievements.

New Issue: Die Friedens-Warte

The latest issue of Die Friedens-Warte (Vol. 92, nos. 1-2, 2017-2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Humanitäre Hilfe im Kontext komplexer humanitärer Krisen: Baustein für den Frieden oder gefangen zwischen den Fronten?
    • Andrea Schneiker & Dennis Dijkzeul, Humanitäre Hilfe und humanitäre Krisen
    • Charlotte Dany, Humanitäre Hilfe im Kontext der Responsibility to Protect: NGOs zwischen Neutralität und Instrumentalisierung
    • Kristina Roepstorff, Chance für den Frieden? Die Lokalisierungsagenda im Humanitären System im Nexus von Humanitärer Hilfe und Friedensförderung
    • Lena Bledau, Ebola: It’s not only about the disease – challenges for adapting humanitarian assistance to its context
    • Ulrike Krause & Joshua Gato, Escaping humanitarian aid in camps? Rethinking the links between refugees’ encampment, urban self-settlement, coping and peace

Call for Papers: State Compliance with International Human Rights Law: State-of-the-Art, Improvement and Challenges

The Institute for International Humanitarian Studies of Aix-en-Provence Law School has issued a call for papers for a workshop on "State Compliance with International Human Rights Law: State-of-the-Art, Improvement and Challenges," to take place April 2, 2020. The call is here. The deadline is September 20, 2019.

Call for Papers: State Accountability under Private, Public, and International Law

A call for papers has been issued for a conference on "State Accountability under Private, Public, and International Law," to be held November 9, 2019, at the London School of Economics and Political Science. The call is here. The deadline is August 30, 2019.

Monday, August 26, 2019

Heffes: Non-State Actors Engaging Non-State Actors: The Experience of Geneva Call in NIACs

Ezequiel Heffes has posted Non-State Actors Engaging Non-State Actors: The Experience of Geneva Call in NIACs (in International Humanitarian Law and Non-State Actors: Debates, Law and Practice, Ezequiel Heffes, Marcos D. Kotlik & Manuel J. Ventura eds., forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
Despite the existence of humanitarian rules binding upon armed non-state actors (ANSAs) in armed conflict, ensuring their respect still remains an important challenge. When dealing with ANSAs, this can be linked to several factors, such as their lack of knowledge of the law, the absence of an incentive to abide by the applicable rules, their fragmented structure, their lack of a centralized command authority and a lack of capacity to implement international humanitarian law (IHL). Certain humanitarian organizations have attempted to tackle these difficulties by recognizing that engaging with ANSAs is essential in order to enhance the protection of civilians in conflict situations. This chapter aims at presenting the methodology employed by Geneva Call, an international non-governmental organization, when trying to persuade ANSAs to respect humanitarian norms. The following pages will provide an overview of this process, describing Geneva Call’s approach and discussing some of its achievements and challenges, in particular in the context of its child protection program.

Call for Papers: Bringing the “human problem” back into transnational law: The example of corporate (ir)responsibility

A call for papers has been issued for a workshop on "Bringing the 'human problem' back into transnational law: The example of corporate (ir)responsibility," which will take place March 19-20, 2020, at King’s College London. The workshop papers will be published subsequently in a special issue of Transnational Legal Theory. The call is here.

Conference: The LOSC 25 Years after its Entry into Force: Between Comprehensiveness and Exceptionalism

On September 24, 2019, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and the Institute for the International Law of the Sea and Maritime Law of the University of Hamburg will co-host a conference on "The LOSC 25 Years after its Entry into Force: Between Comprehensiveness and Exceptionalism," in Hamburg. The program is here.

Sunday, August 25, 2019

New Issue: Archiv des Völkerrechts

The latest issue of Archiv des Völkerrechts (Vol. 57, no. 1, March 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Abhandlungen
    • Kirsten Schmalenbach & Julia Pleiel, An Ocean of Plastic
    • Birgit Spießhofer, Die Transnationalisierung des Klimaschutzrechts
    • Markus Kaltenborn & Nina-Annette Reit-Born, Public Private Partnerships als Akteure des globalen Gesundheitsrechts
    • Christian Schaller, Die zeitliche Dimension des Besatzungsvölkerrechts