Given the widely-accepted premise that free trade is the best means of maximising overall societal welfare, why has it proven so difficult to achieve in certain industries? This book tackles arguably the most perennial and deep-rooted of all questions in political economy, and questions the incumbent orthodox liberal theories of collective action.
Using a historical institutionalist framework to explore and explain the political economy of trade protectionism and liberalization, this book is based on detailed case studies of the textiles and clothing sector in the EU, United States, China, Caribbean Basin and sub-Saharan Africa. From this, the book expands to discuss the origins of trade protectionism and examine the wider political effects of liberalization, offering an explanation of why a successful conclusion to the WTO ‘Doha’ round has proven to be so elusive. The book argues that the regulation of global trade - and the economic consequences that this has for both developed and developing countries - has been the result of the particular way in which trade preferences are mediated through political institutions.
Saturday, July 21, 2012
Heron: The Global Political Economy of Trade Protectionism and Liberalization: Trade Reform and Economic Adjustment in Textiles and Clothing
Friday, July 20, 2012
- Volume 355
- Monique Chemillier-Gendreau, À quelles conditions l’universalité du droit international est-elle possible?
- Xue Hanqin, Chinese Contemporary Perspectives on International Law — History, Culture and International Law
- Jean-Michel Arrighi, L’Organisation des Etats américains et le droit international
This new edition of Trade in Goods is an authoritative work on international trade by one of the most influential scholars in the field. It provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of every WTO agreement dealing with trade in goods. The focus of the book is on the reasoning behind the various WTO agreements and their provisions, and the manner in which they have been understood in practice. It introduces both the historic as well as the economic rationale for the emergence of the multilateral trading system, before dealing with WTO practice in all areas involving trade in goods. It contests the claim that the international trade agreements themselves represent 'incomplete contracts', realized through interpretation by the WTO and other judicial bodies. The book comprehensively analyses the WTO's case law, and it argues that a more rigorous theoretical approach is needed to ensure a greater coherence in the interpretation of the core provisions regulating trade in goods.
This second edition readdresses and moves beyond the discussion of the GATT presented in the first edition to assess in significant detail every trade in goods agreement at the WTO, both multilateral as well as plurilateral. The book is written to be accessible to those new to the field, with an authoritiative level of detail and analysis that makes it essential reading for lawyers and economists alike.
- Luis de la Calle & Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca, Rebels without a Territory: An Analysis of Nonterritorial Conflicts in the World, 1970–1997
- Hanne Fjelde & Desirée Nilsson, Rebels against Rebels: Explaining Violence between Rebel Groups
- João Ricardo Faria & Daniel Arce, A Vintage Model of Terrorist Organizations
- Muhammet A. Bas & Andrew J. Coe, Arms Diffusion and War
- Hoon Lee & Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, Foreign Direct Investment and Territorial Disputes
- Johannes Urpelainen, Unilateral Influence on International Bureaucrats: An International Delegation Problem
- Patrick Rafail, Sarah A. Soule, & John D. McCarthy, Describing and Accounting for the Trends in US Protest Policing, 1960−1995
Thursday, July 19, 2012
- Óscar Maúrtua de Romaña, 200 años de la Constitución de Cádiz
- Raúl Salazar Cosio, La emergencia de China y su impacto en los países en desarrollo
- María Angela Sasaki Otani, Análisis y comentario en el asunto Inmunidades Jurisdiccionales de los Estados (Alemania c. Italia) desde el punto de vista de los problemas relativos a la formación y aplicación de las normas de Derecho Internacional general
- Eduardo López Echevarría, El control de la constitucionalidad de los Tratados en el Perú y la necesidad de su reforma
- Eduardo Ramos Ferretti, El régimen jurídico internacional de la investigación científica marina y aplicación en el Perú
Espósito: Jus Cogens and Jurisdictional Immunities of States at the International Court of Justice: A Conflict Does Exist
In its judgment of 3 February 2012 in Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v Italy: Greece intervening), the International Court of Justice has considered the relationship between jus cogens and the rule of State immunity. The Court has denied the existence of a jus cogens exception to the rule of State jurisdictional immunities based primarily on the distinction between peremptory norms as rules of substance and jurisdictional immunities as rules of procedure. For the Court, a conflict between rules on jurisdictional immunities, 'essentially procedural in nature,' and substantive rules of jus cogens is conceptually impossible. This comment presents a critique of the approach and reasoning of the Court regarding the absolute separation between procedural and substantive rules, and supports that a legal conflict may exist between jus cogens and jurisdictional immunities. Moreover, it sustains that the decision of the Court is neither an ideal kind of stability for international law nor an encouraging legal message to national judges dealing with public interest claims arising from serious violations of international law.
- Kenneth Watkin, “Small Wars”: The Legal Challenges
- John F. Murphy, Will-o’-the-Wisp? The Search for Law in Non-International Armed Conflicts
- David E. Graham, Defining Non-International Armed Conflict: A Historically Difficult Task
- Geoffrey S. Corn, Self-defense Targeting: Blurring the Line between the Jus ad Bellum and the Jus in Bello
- Charles Garraway, War and Peace: Where Is the Divide?
- Michael N. Schmitt, The Status of Opposition Fighters in a Non-International Armed Conflict
- Sean Watts, Present and Future Conceptions of the Status of Government Forces in Non-International Armed Conflict
- Stephen Pomper, Toward a Limited Consensus on the Loss of Civilian Immunity in Non-International Armed Conflict: Making Progress through Practice
- William H. Boothby, Differences in the Law of Weaponry When Applied to Non-International Armed Conflicts
- Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg, Methods and Means of Naval Warfare in Non-International Armed Conflicts
- Richard B. Jackson, Perfidy in Non-International Armed Conflicts
- Raymundo B. Ferrer & Randolph G. Cabangbang, Non-International Armed Conflicts in the Philippines
- Juan Carlos Gomez, Twenty-First-Century Challenges: The Use of Military Forces to Combat Criminal Threats
- Rob McLaughlin, An Australian Perspective on Non-International Armed Conflict: Afghanistan and East Timor
- William K. Lietzau, Detention of Terrorists in the Twenty-first Century
- Knut Dörmann, Detention in Non-International Armed Conflicts
- John Cerone, International Enforcement in Non-International Armed Conflict: Searching for Synergy among Legal Regimes in the Case of Libya
- Yoram Dinstein, Concluding Remarks on Non-International Armed Conflicts
Wednesday, July 18, 2012
The Department of State is pleased to announce the release of the 2011 Digest of United States Practice in International Law, covering developments during 2011. The digest provides the public with a record of the views and practice of the Government of the United States in public and private international law. The official edition of the 2011 Digest is available exclusively on the State Department’s website. Past digests covering 1989 through 2010 are also available on the State Department’s website. The Digest is edited by the Office of the Legal Adviser.
- Caroline E. Foster, International Adjudication – Standard of Review and Burden of Proof: Australia-Apples and Whaling in the Antarctic
- Ottavio Quirico, Disentangling Climate Change Governance: A Legal Perspective
- Annalisa Savaresi, The Human Rights Dimension of REDD
- Catherine P. MacKenzie, Lessons from Forestry for International Environmental Law
- Adrian Loets, An Old Debate Revisited: Applicability of Environmental Treaties in Times of International Armed Conflict Pursuant to the International Law Commission's ‘Draft Articles on the Effects of Armed Conflict on Treaties’
- Xiaoyong Zhang, Access to Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and Benefit-sharing in China: Legal Framework, Current Practices and Future Developments
- Markus W. Gehring, Air Transport Association of America v. Energy Secretary: Clarifying Direct Effect and Providing Guidance for Future Instrument Design for a Green Economy in the European Union
- Augusto Vechio & Pablo J. Torretta, Anticipated Import Affidavit and Services Payments Restrictions in Argentina: A Few Considerations After the first Months of Their Validity
- Patricio Díaz Gavier & Luc Verhaeghe, The EU–Korea Free Trade Agreement: Origin Declaration and Approved Exporter Status
- James J. Nedumpara & Prateek Misra, NATCO v. BAYER: Indian Patent Authority Grants Its First Ever Compulsory License on Pharmaceutical Products
- Trang Lu Thi Thu, Trade Defence Instruments in Vietnam: Reality and Solutions
- Patrick Dahm, Overkill, Or: Free Trade Agreements in Asia
- Fernando Piérola, The Treatment of 'Likeness' and A New Rejection of the 'Aim and Effects' Test in US – Clove Cigarettes
- Antoine Romanetti, Defining Investors: Who Is Eligible To Claim?
- Tarek Badawy, The General Principles of Islamic Law as the Law Governing Investment Disputes in the Middle East
- Elvira R. Gadelshina, Burden of Proof Under the ‘Denial-of-Benefits’ Clause of the Energy Charter Treaty: Actori Incumbit Onus Probandi?
- Friven Yeoh & Desmond Ang, Reflections on Gao Haiyan – Of ‘Arb-Med’, ‘Waivers’, and Cultural Contextualisation of Public Policy Arguments
- Song Lu, The New CIETAC Arbitration Rules of 2012
- Karin Calvo Goller, The 2012 ICC Rules of Arbitration – An Accelerated Procedure and Substantial Changes
- Ashutosh Ray, Year 2012: Harbinger of Change for Indian Arbitration?
- Patrick Low, Gabrielle Marceau, & Julia Reinaud, The Interface between the Trade and Climate Change Regimes: Scoping the Issues
- Brian Bieron & Usman Ahmed, Regulating E-commerce through International Policy: Understanding the International Trade Law Issues of E-commerce
- Nicolas Péridy & Nathalie Roux, Why are the Trade Gains from the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership so Small?
- Vera Thorstensen, Emerson Marçal, & Lucas Ferraz, Exchange Rate Misalignments and International Trade Policy: Impacts on Tariffs
- Dukgeun Ahn, Third Country Dumping: Origin, Evolution and Prospect
- Rajnish Kumar Rai, Parallel Imports and Unparallel Laws: Does the WTO Need to Harmonize the Parallel Import Law?
- Robert T. Kudrle, Governing Economic Globalization: The Pioneering Experience of the OECD
- Bart De Meester, Liberalization of Financial Flows and Trade in Financial Services under the GATS
- Peter C. Hansen, The World Bank Administrative Tribunal's External Sources of Law: The Next Chapter (2006-2010) (Part I)
- Eric de Brabandere, Individuals in Advisory Proceedings Before the International Court of Justice: Equality of the Parties and the Court's Discretionary Authority
- Stephan W. Schill, Illegal Investments in Investment Treaty Arbitration
- Fernando Lusa Bordin, Procedural Developments at the International Court of Justice
- Julieta Solano McCausland & Enrique Carnero Rojo, Developments at the International Criminal Court
Tuesday, July 17, 2012
I am thrilled to announce the launching of a new blog, www.armscontrollaw.com As the name suggests, this blog will be devoted to discussion and analysis of arms control law subjects. The team of bloggers are all arms control legal experts, with a wide range of expertise covering all CBRN and delivery means technologies.
I wanted to start this blog because all of the current blogs in the arms control area focus on either technical or politics/policy views of arms control. There hasn't been a blog that provides a serious forum for rigorous discussion of legal issues relative to arms control, by arms control legal experts - until now!
The team of core bloggers at www.armscontrollaw.com is:
Professor Dan Joyner, University of Alabama School of Law
Dr. Marco Roscini, University of Westminster Faculty of Law
Mr. Pierre-Emmanuel Dupont, Rochelois, Besins & Associe
Dr. Zeray Yihdego, Oxford Brookes University Faculty of Law
Professor Eric Myjer, University of Utrecht Faculty of Law
Professor David Fidler, University of Indiana School of Law
Professor Barry Kellman, DePaul University College of Law
Professor Dieter Fleck, Formerly of the German Ministry of Defense
Professor James Fry, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law
We will also be joined from time to time by guest bloggers.
There is already a lot of content up on the blog - a post on the recent Moscow meeting between Iran and the P5+1; a post on the Arms Trade Treaty negotiations, which are of course happening right now; a post on the proposed WMD-free-zone in the Middle East; and much more! We plan to add posts regularly and keep this a dynamic, useful, and interesting site.
I hope you will check it out.
- Special Issue: Transitional Justice and Restorative Justice
- Jonathan Doak, & David O'Mahony, Transitional Justice and Restorative Justice
- James A. Sweeney, Restorative Justice and Transitional Justice at the ECHR
- Kerry Clamp & Jonathan Doak, More than Words: Restorative Justice Concepts in Transitional Justice Settings
- Ralph Henham, Evaluating the Contribution of Sentencing to Social Justice: Some Conceptual Problems
- Brianne McGonigle Leyh, Victim-Oriented Measures at International Criminal Institutions: Participation and its Pitfalls
- Melanie Klinkner, Psycho-Social Aspects Surrounding Criminal Investigations into Mass Graves
- Matthew Saul, Local Ownership of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda: Restorative and Retributive Effects
- Christoph Sperfeldt, Collective Reparations at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
- John Pearson, Transforming the Moldovan Prosecution Service: Can the Eyes of the State Become the Voice of the People?
- Eilish Rooney & Aisling Swaine, The `Long Grass' of Agreements: Promise, Theory and Practice
- David O'Mahony, Criminal Justice Reform in a Transitional Context: Restorative Youth Conferencing in Northern Ireland
- Tim Chapman, The Problem of Community in a Justice System in Transition: The Case of Community Restorative Justice in Northern Ireland
This work, which is part of an on-going series on the rise and fall of the Vitorian tradition of International Law, examines the establishment in the early 1840s of the first chairs of international law in Europe against the background of the independence of the Latin-American Republics and relates the development of Spanish international law production during the first half of the nineteenth century. The second part follows the evolution of international legal studies in Spain until the year 1883, when chairs in Public International Law and Private International Law outside Madrid were established in seven other Spanish universities. The third part reviews the – albeit short-lived – first specialized international law journal ever established in Spain, and examines how Spanish production in the field was fostered by the professionalization reform of 1883. This part also deals with the Salamanca School’s parallel rediscovery in both Spain and Europe in the last third of the short Spanish nineteenth century. The impact that the revival of interest in Francisco de Vitoria had in providing Spanish international law academia with a quasi-national identity leads to some conclusions on its lasting legacy to the study of international law in the cradle of the first Empire in history on which the sun never set.
- Symposium: From Rights to Reality: Mobilizing for Human Rights and Its Intersection with International Law
- Beth A. Simmons, Reflections on Mobilizing for Human Rights
- Geoff Dancy & Kathryn Sikkink, Ratification and Human Rights Prosecutions: Toward a Transnational Theory of Treaty Compliance
- James R. Hollyer & B. Peter Rosendorff, Do Human Rights Agreements Prolong the Tenure of Autocratic Ratifiers?
- Robert Howse & Ruti Teitel, Beth Simmons's Mobilizing for Human Rights: A "Beyond Compliance" Perspective
- Eric A. Posner, Some Skeptical Comments on Beth Simmons's Mobilizing for Human Rights
- Edward T. Swaine, Ersatz Treaties
- Joel P. Trachtman, Who Cares About International Human Rights? The Supply and Demand of International Human Rights Law
Après la Seconde guerre mondiale ont été créés les deux Tribunaux militaires internationaux de Nuremberg et de Tokyo chargés de juger les criminels de guerre allemands et japonais. Ces « tribunaux de vainqueurs » représentaient en même temps la première tentative dans l’Histoire de juger les auteurs de crimes graves « révoltant la conscience de l’humanité », indépendamment de la qualité officielle des criminels et de leur position dans la hiérarchie de l’Etat. Après une mise en sommeil due à la guerre froide, la justice pénale internationale a connu un renouveau avec la création des deux tribunaux « ad hoc » sur l’ex-Yougoslavie et le Rwanda en 1993 et 1994, puis celle de la Cour pénale internationale en 1998. A travers leur jurisprudence, ces institutions ont fait du « droit international pénal » une discipline à part entière.
Ce manuel porte sur les aspects matériels du droit international pénal : il s’intéresse à la question des sources de ce droit – avec, en arrière plan, la question cruciale du respect du principe de légalité en droit pénal – décrit les éléments constitutifs des crimes contre la paix et la sécurité de l’humanité (génocide, crimes contre l’humanité, crimes de guerre et crime d’agression) et traite de la question complexe de la responsabilité pénale individuelle. L’ouvrage cherche à donner une vision à la fois synthétique et suffisamment détaillée de la matière, souhaitant être utile tout autant aux étudiants qu’aux praticiens chevronnés. Il offre une large ouverture sur un domaine en plein développement.
- Wei Shen, Dark Past, Grey Present or Bright Future? - Foreign Investors' Access to China's Telecommunications Industry and a Political Economy Analysis of Recent Industrial Policy Moves
- Kálmán Kalotay, Indirect FDI
- James D. Fry & Juan Ignacio Stampalija, Towards an Agreement on Investment in Mercosur: Conflict and Complementarity of International Investment Law and International Trade-in-Services Law
- Sheng Zhang, The Energy Charter Treaty and China: Member or Bystander?
- M. Shabir Korotana, The impact of the repeal of Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 in the context of the current financial crisis
- Jacopo Tavassi, The EU Investment Policy: How to ensure a fair regulation of the concerned interests?
- Manu Sanan, The White Industries award - Shades of Grey
Monday, July 16, 2012
Tzanakopoulos: The Preamble of the Covenant of the League of Nations (Le Préambule du Pacte de la Société des Nations)
Commentary of the Preamble of the League of Nations Covenant in French.
- J.-F. Leclercq, La répression en droit belge des actes de piraterie moderne entravant le transport maritime, exemple d’une union fédérale réussie
- J.-d.-N. Atemengue, Production du droit public interne et contexte politique : le cas du Cameroun
Why are some international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) more politically salient than others, and why are some NGOs better able to influence the norms of human rights? Internal Affairs shows how the organizational structures of human rights NGOs and their campaigns determine their influence on policy. Drawing on data from seven major international organizations—the International Committee of the Red Cross, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Médecins sans Frontières, Oxfam International, Anti-Slavery International, and the International League of Human Rights—Wendy H. Wong demonstrates that NGOs that choose to centralize agenda-setting and decentralize the implementation of that agenda are more successful in gaining traction in international politics.
Challenging the conventional wisdom that the most successful NGOs are those that find the "right" cause or have the most resources, Wong shows that how NGOs make and implement decisions is critical to their effectiveness in influencing international norms about human rights. Building on the insights of network theory and organizational sociology, Wong traces how power works within NGOs and affects their external authority. The internal coherence of an organization, as reflected in its public statements and actions, goes a long way to assure its influence over the often tumultuous elements of the international human rights landscape.
- Burcu Savun & Daniel C. Tirone, Exogenous Shocks, Foreign Aid, and Civil War
- James Ashley Morrison, Before Hegemony: Adam Smith, American Independence, and the Origins of the First Era of Globalization
- Martin Höpner & Armin Schäfer, Embeddedness and Regional Integration: Waiting for Polanyi in a Hayekian Setting
- Alexander B. Downes & Todd S. Sechser, The Illusion of Democratic Credibility
- William Nordhaus, John R. Oneal & Bruce Russett, The Effects of the International Security Environment on National Military Expenditures: A Multicountry Study
- Glen Biglaiser & Joseph L. Staats, Finding the “Democratic Advantage” in Sovereign Bond Ratings: The Importance of Strong Courts, Property Rights Protection, and the Rule of Law
Sunday, July 15, 2012
- Le Jus Post Bellum – nouveau cheval de Troie pour le droit des conflits armés ?
- G. Lewkowicz, Présentation
- G. Lewkowicz, Jus Post Bellum : vieille antienne ou nouvelle branche du droit ? Sur le mythe de l’origine vénérable du Jus Post Bellum
- F. Naert, International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law in Peace – Operations as Parts of a Variable Ius Post Bellum
- O. Corten, Le Jus post bellum remet-il en cause les règles traditionnelles du Jus contra bellum?
- E. de Brabandère, International Territorial Administrations and Post-Conflict Reforms : Reflections on the Need of a Jus Post Bellum as a Legal Framework
- C. Ryngaert & L. Gould, International Criminal Justice and Jus Post Bellum – The Challenge of ICC Complementarity : A case-study of the situation in Uganda
- D. Hayim, L’article 103 de la charte des Nations Unies : technique juridique ou instrument symbolique ?
- M. Benatar, From Probative Value to Authentic Interpretation : The Legal Effects of Interpretative Declarations
- G. Juchs, Le bon voisinage en droit international public : un mauvais concept pour un principe juridique ?
- F. Dopagne, Le nouveau Benelux
- Jurisprudence Internationale
- H. Azari, Que reste-t-il de la demande additionnelle en procédure de la cour internationale de Justice ? A propos de l’arrêt de la C.I.J du 30 novembre 2010 dans l’Affaire Ahmadou Sadio Diallo (République de Guinée c. République démocratique du Congo)