Saturday, August 10, 2019

New Volume: Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

The latest volume of the Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (Vol. 3, 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Law, Gender and Sexuality
    • Shaheen Sardar Ali, Coming ‘Home’? Legal Developments Relating to Transgender Communities and Implications for Muslim Family Law
    • Brenda Cossman, #MeToo, Sex Wars 2.0 and the Power of Law
    • Ewa Kamarad, Necessity of Recognition of Same-Sex Marriages Concluded Abroad
    • Erich Hou, Universalism or Cultural Relativism? Case Study of Same-Sex Marriage in Taiwan
    • Giovanna Gilleri, Gendered Human Rights and Medical Sexing Interventions upon Intersex Children: A Preliminary Enquiry
    • Farnush Ghadery, Sticking to Their Guns: The United Nations’ Failure to See the Potential of Islamic Feminism in the Promotion of Women’s Rights in Afghanistan
    • Scott Titshaw, ART, Surrogacy, Federalism and Jus Sanguinis Citizenship in the US, Australia, and Canada
    • Monica Ingber, Gender Imaginaries, Child Soldiering, and International Criminal Law
    • Karenjot Bhangoo Randhawa, Responses of Resilience: The Delhi Gang Rape
    • Sarah Grosso, Women’s Rights on Trial: Gender Equality in a Family Court in Ben Ali’s Tunisia
    • Yoshiaki Sato, Where Are You Going, Snail? Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships in Japan
    • Yumiko Kita, Democratising Criminal Justice Systems: Sexual Violence Cases in the Citizen Judge Trials in Japan
    • Margaret Liu, Chinese Migrant Children: Do They Have the Right to Education?
    • Muhammad Zubair Abbasi, From Faskh to Khula: Transformation of Muslim Women’s Right to Divorce in Pakistan (1947-2017)
    • Ummni Khan & Jean Ketterling, Rape as Play: Yellow Peril Panic and a Defence of Fantasy
    • Carlos J. Zelada & Carolina Neyra-Sevilla, Trans* Legalities: Preliminary Study of Files on the Recognition of Trans* Identities in Peru
    • Anicée Van Engeland, Sexual Politics and Law in Iran: The Narrative Surrounding the 2013 Bills
    • Thulasi K. Raj & Chandni Chawla, A Feminist Critique of Indian Criminal Law
    • Matthias Vanhullebusch, Crime, Discrimination and Freedom in Asia
    • Ben Stanford, Justice in Exile? The Implications of ‘Temporary Exclusion Orders’ for the Right to a Fair Trial
    • Naveed Ahmed, An Appraisal of the Constitutional Developments and Its Impact on the Political Economy of Pakistan
    • S. Pandiaraj, Women’s Right to Social Security and Social Protection: Mapping the Gaps in the Jurisprudence of the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies

Friday, August 9, 2019

Gurmendi: Conflicto armado en el Perú. La época del terrorismo bajo el derecho internacional

Alonso Gurmendi (Universidad del Pacífico - Law) has published Conflicto armado en el Perú. La época del terrorismo bajo el derecho internacional (Fondo Editorial de la Universidad del Pacífico 2019). Here's the abstract:
El libro explora uno de los debates más encarnizados del Perú moderno: ¿Fue la lucha contrasubversiva contra Sendero Luminoso un conflicto armado? El propósito de la publicación es dar contenido a los términos de este debate estudiando la Época del Terrorismo desde la perspectiva del Derecho Internacional Humanitario. Analizado de esta forma, el autor concluye que sí existió un conflicto armado en el Perú, pero que las consecuencias de ello no son las que se han difundido en el imaginario nacional. El libro desmitifica el conflicto, corrigiendo los errores generados luego de casi veinte años de debate nacional politizado, más concentrado en el legado de ciertas personalidades, que en un entendimiento exacto de lo ocurrido. ¿Cuándo hay un conflicto armado? ¿Califica Sendero Luminoso como un grupo beligerante? ¿Cuál es la relación entre el terrorismo y los conflictos armados? Las preguntas que este libro responde prometen reencuadrar completamente la discusión sobre la Época del Terrorismo, ofreciendo mayores y mejores elementos de discusión para el futuro.

New Issue: Humanity

The latest issue of Humanity (Vol. 10, no. 2, Summer 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Roman Birke, “It Is UndertThe Banner of the Defence of Human Rights That We Shall Gather Our Crusade”: Human Rights and the Population Control Movement from the 1940s to the 1970s
  • Christie Miedema, Impartial in the Cold War? The Challenges of Détente, Dissidence, and Eastern European Membership to Amnesty International’s Policy of Impartiality
  • Denis Kennedy, Humanitarianism Governed: Rules, Identity, and Exclusion in Relief Work
  • Samantha Balaton-Chrimes, Desiring the Other and Decolonizing Global Solidarity: Time and Space in the Anti-Vedanta Campaign
  • Margaret MacDonald, The Image World of Maternal Mortality: Visual Economies of Hope and Aspiration in the Global Campaigns to Reduce Maternal Mortality

Thursday, August 8, 2019

New Issue: World Trade Review

The latest issue of the World Trade Review (Vol. 18, no. 3, July 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Claudia Hofmann, Alberto Osnago, & Michele Ruta, The Content of Preferential Trade Agreements
  • Priyanshu Gupta & R. Rajesh Babu, International Posturing amidst Domestic Neglect: India's Agricultural Policy Examined
  • Stephanie Brunelin, Jaime de Melo, & Alberto Portugal-Perez, How Much Market Access? A Case Study of Jordan's Exports to the EU
  • Emily Lydgate & L. Alan Winters, Deep and Not Comprehensive? What the WTO Rules Permit for a UK–EU FTA
  • Snipings
    • Yong-Shik Lee, Three Wrongs Do Not Make a Right: The Conundrum of the US Steel and Aluminum Tariffs
    • Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, How Should WTO Members React to Their WTO Crises?
  • Case Summary: International Investment Law
    • Carla Lewis, Jürgen Wirtgen & others v. The Czech Republic, PCA Case No.2014-03
  • Case Summaries: WTO Disputes
    • Marcus Sohlberg & Ariane Yvon, China – Domestic Support for Agricultural Producers (China–Agricultural Producers), DS511
    • Marcus Sohlberg & Ariane Yvon, Korea – Import Bans, and Testing and Certification Requirements for Radionuclides (Korea–Radionuclides (Japan)), DS495

Wednesday, August 7, 2019

Obydenkova & Libman: Authoritarian Regionalism in the World of International Organizations: Global Perspective and the Eurasian Enigma

Anastassia V. Obydenkova (Institut Barcelona D'Estudis Internacionals) & Alexander Libman (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) have published Authoritarian Regionalism in the World of International Organizations: Global Perspective and the Eurasian Enigma (Oxford Univ. Press 2019). Here's the abstract:

The interconnection between international organizations (IOs) membership and democratization has become a topic of intense debate. However, the main focus of the literature so far has been on IOs created by democratic states and comprised mostly of democracies, for examples the European Union. In contrast to existing studies, this book focuses on another group of regional IOs, referred to as 'non-democratic IOs' which are organizations founded by autocracies.

How do these newly emerged organizations interrelate and interact with the outside world? How do they counteract and confront the danger of democratization in their own member states and neighboring states? This book aims to address these questions by developing a new theory of authoritarian regionalism, and by combining both quantitative and qualitative analysis to test it. The quantitative analysis uses a large dataset of all regional organizations worldwide for the post-World War II period, with the aim of defining historical trends in development and the modification of regionalism over the last seven decades (1945-2015). Qualitative analysis refines and develops the argument by looking at the case of post-Soviet Eurasia.

The book uncovers a new type of regionalism - 'authoritarian regionalism' and traces its historical roots as well as its implications for modern politics. The book is the first attempt to systematically investigate the functioning and the impact of authoritarian regionalism as a new phenomenon as well as its implications for democratization world-wide. The book contributes to the theory of regionalism, international organizations, studies of autocracies, foreign policy, and democratization world-wide.

Tuesday, August 6, 2019

AJIL Unbound Symposium: Daugirdas’s “Reputation as a Disciplinarian of International Organizations”

AJIL Unbound has posted a symposium on Kristina Daugirdas’s article “Reputation as a Disciplinarian of International Organizations.” The symposium includes an introduction by Karen J. Alter and contributions by Paul B. Stephan, Sabrina M. Karim, Kristen Boon, Lorna McGregor, and Emilie M. Hafner-Burton and Christina J. Schneider.

Bradley: Article II Treaties and Signaling Theory

Curtis Bradley (Duke Univ. - Law) has posted Article II Treaties and Signaling Theory. Here's the abstract:
Some scholars contend that, under modern law and practice, presidents can choose to conclude any international agreement by obtaining either ex ante authorization or ex post approval from a majority of Congress rather than obtaining the supermajority “advice and consent” of the Senate that is specified in Article II of the Constitution. If presidents in fact have this freedom of choice, there appears to be a puzzle: why do they ever choose to use the Article II treaty process, which is more politically difficult than the executive agreement processes? To be sure, the use of the Article II process has been in decline, but the process is still used for some agreements, including in situations in which the process seems to make it more difficult for presidents to obtain approval of agreements that they support. A common answer to this puzzle is based on signaling theory: using the Article II process, it is said, allows the president or the country to signal valuable information to potential treaty partners. This book chapter argues that the signaling explanation is questionable and suggests that domestic legal and political factors better explain the continued (although recently much diminished) use of the Article II process. It also highlights a number of empirical questions relating to this issue that would benefit from further study.

New Volume: Recueil des Cours

Volume 397 of the Recueil des Cours, Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law is out. Contents include:
  • Volume 397
    • Louis d’Avout, L’entreprise et les conflits internationaux de lois

Carrai: Sovereignty in China: A Genealogy of a Concept since 1840

Maria Adele Carrai (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) has published Sovereignty in China: A Genealogy of a Concept since 1840 (Cambridge Univ. Press 2019). Here's the abstract:
This book provides a comprehensive history of the emergence and the formation of the concept of sovereignty in China from the year 1840 to the present. It contributes to broadening the history of modern China by looking at the way the notion of sovereignty was gradually articulated by key Chinese intellectuals, diplomats and political figures in the unfolding of the history of international law in China, rehabilitates Chinese agency, and shows how China challenged Western Eurocentric assumptions about the progress of international law. It puts the history of international law in a global perspective, interrogating the widely-held belief of international law as universal order and exploring the ways in which its history is closely anchored to a European experience that fails to take into account how the encounter with other non-European realities has influenced its formation.

New Issue: Goettingen Journal of International Law

The latest issue of the Goettingen Journal of International Law (Vol. 9, no. 2, 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Liam Halewood, Avoiding the Legal Black Hole: Re-evaluating the Applicability of the European Convention on Human Rights to the United Kingdom´s Targeted Killing Policies?
  • Édith Vanspranghe, Advancing the Rule of Law Through Executive Measures: The Case of MINUSCA
  • Monika Subritzky, An Analysis of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in the Light of its Form as a Framework Agreement

New Volume: Recueil des Cours

Volume 396 of the Recueil des Cours, Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law is out. Contents include:
  • Volume 396
    • Jean-Michel Jacquet, Droit international privé et arbitrage commercial international
    • Edith Brown Weiss, Establishing Norms in a Kaleidoscopic World. General Course on Public International Law

Monday, August 5, 2019

New Issue: Human Rights Law Review

The latest issue of the Human Rights Law Review (Vol. 19, no. 2, June 2019) is out. Contents include:
  • Jelena Gligorijević, Children’s Privacy: The Role of Parental Control and Consent
  • Ilya Nuzov, Freedom of Symbolic Speech in the Context of Memory Wars in Eastern Europe
  • Adamantia Rachovitsa, On New ‘Judicial Animals’: The Curious Case of an African Court with Material Jurisdiction of a Global Scope
  • Lieneke Slingenberg, The Right Not to be Dominated: The Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights on Migrants’ Destitution
  • Natalie Sedacca, The ‘turn’ to Criminal Justice in Human Rights Law: An Analysis in the Context of the 2016 Colombian Peace Agreement
  • Sarah Joseph, Extending the Right to Life Under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: General Comment 36
  • Amir Paz-Fuchs & Tammy Harel Ben-Shahar, Separate but Equal Reconsidered: Religious Education and Gender Separation

Müller: Die Rolle nicht-internationaler Waffenstillstandsabkommen im humanitären Völkerrecht

Lars Müller has published Die Rolle nicht-internationaler Waffenstillstandsabkommen im humanitären Völkerrecht (Nomos 2019). Here's the abstract:
Das Werk öffnet dem allgemeinen und dem humanitären Völkerrecht den Blick auf das bisher kaum beachtete Rechtsinstrument der Abkommen aus nicht-internationalen bewaffneten Konflikten. Bestand und Geltungskraft des humanitären Völkerrechts innerhalb solcher Konflikte werden von staatlicher sowie von wissenschaftlicher Seite zunehmend in Frage gestellt und das Vertrauen in dieses Recht scheint allgemein zu sinken. Dem stellt das Buch eine Analyse nicht-internationaler Waffenstillstandsabkommen gegenüber, in denen die Konfliktparteien – Staaten sowie nicht-staatliche Akteure – selbst Recht setzen und dabei auch humanitäre Regeln vereinbaren. Das Buch arbeitet diese Praxis anhand von Abkommen aus Konfliktregionen Afrikas, Asiens, Lateinamerikas und Europas auf. Der Autor kommt so zu dem Schluss, dass sich auch aus einem positivistischen Blickwinkel hierin Völkerrecht erkennen lässt und gibt so der stagnierenden Diskussion um Inhalt und Legitimität des humanitären Völkerrechts einen neuen Anstoß.as Werk öffnet dem allgemeinen und dem humanitären Völkerrecht den Blick auf das bisher kaum beachtete Rechtsinstrument der Abkommen aus nicht-internationalen bewaffneten Konflikten. Es untersucht sie empirisch und juristisch und verdeutlicht ihre Bedeutung als Rechts- sowie als Legitimitätsquelle.

O'Connell, Tams, & Tladi: Self-Defence against Non-State Actors

Mary Ellen O'Connell (Univ. of Notre Dame - Law), Christian J. Tams (Univ. of Glasgow - Law), & Dire Tladi (Univ. of Pretoria) have published Self-Defence against Non-State Actors (Max Planck Trialogues, Vol. 1; Cambridge Univ. Press 2019). The table of contents is here. Here's the abstract:
In this book, self-defence against non-state actors is examined by three scholars whose geographical, professional, theoretical, and methodological backgrounds and outlooks differ greatly. Their trialogue is framed by an introduction and a conclusion by the series editors. The novel scholarly format accommodates the pluralism and value changes of the current era, a shifting world order and the rise in nationalism and populism. It brings to light the cultural, professional and political pluralism which characterises international legal scholarship and exploits this pluralism as a heuristic device. This multiperspectivism exposes how political factors and intellectual styles influence the scholarly approaches and legal answers and the trialogical structure encourages its participants to decentre their perspectives. By explicitly focussing on the authors' divergence and disagreement, a richer understanding of self-defence against non-state actors is achieved, and the legal challenges and possible ways ahead identified.

Henckels: A Duty to Consult Foreign Investors When Changing the Regulatory Framework? Implications for Tobacco Control and Beyond

Caroline Henckels (Monash Univ. - Law) has posted A Duty to Consult Foreign Investors When Changing the Regulatory Framework? Implications for Tobacco Control and Beyond. Here's the abstract:
A handful of recent decisions of international investment tribunals can be read as suggesting that the fair and equitable treatment standard obliges governments to consult foreign investors in the course of developing new laws and policies potentially affecting them. This position, if taken up by future tribunals, would significantly expand the fair and equitable treatment standard in terms of its ostensible elements of due process and transparency. This approach also goes far beyond what most domestic legal systems require of governments as a matter of public law. In the case of tobacco control, given the industry’s long history of seeking to prevent, weaken or delay the enactment of legislation and regulations, this development would be cause for concern. Generally speaking, there may be sound instrumental and normative reasons for engaging in consultation with affected stakeholders in the course of legislative and policy development. However, with the exception of treaty provisions that otherwise provide, no duty of consultation in the lawmaking process arises from fair and equitable treatment clauses, customary international law or general principles of law.