- Special Issue: Margin of Appreciation and Democracy: Human Rights and Deference to Political Bodies
- Shai Dothan, Margin of Appreciation and Democracy: Human Rights and Deference to Political Bodies
- Richard H Pildes, Supranational Courts and The Law of Democracy: The European Court of Human Rights
- Yuval Shany, All Roads Lead to Strasbourg?: Application of the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine by the European Court of Human Rights and the UN Human Rights Committee
- Mikael Rask Madsen, Rebalancing European Human Rights: Has the Brighton Declaration Engendered a New Deal on Human Rights in Europe?
- Oddný Mjöll Arnardóttir, The Brighton Aftermath and the Changing Role of the European Court of Human Rights
- Eyal Benvenisti, The Margin of Appreciation, Subsidiarity and Global Challenges to Democracy
- Ulf Linderfalk, Treaty Abuse—Why Criticism of the Doctrine is Unfounded
- Fuad Zarbiyev, Saying Credibly What the Law Is: On Marks of Authority in International Law
- Current Developments
- Caroline Kleiner & Francesco Costamagna, Territoriality in Investment Arbitration: The Case of Financial Instruments1
Friday, May 25, 2018
- Ferdinand Hennerbichler, Zukunfts-Optionen von Kurden in Eurasien
- Michael Rubin, The Enemy of an Enemy: Will the Kurds benefit from shifting American Alliances?
- Joost Jongerden, From containment and rollback to escalation: Turkey’s Kurdish issue under the AKP
- Thomas Schmidinger, Von Rojava zur Demokratischen Föderation Nordsyrien
- Kozad M. Ahmed, How to Subdue a Minority? Historiography in Iraq under the Ba’th as a Political Means
- James M. Dorsey, Whither the Kurds?
- Maria Six-Hohenbalken, Kurdayeti, gurbet und nishtiman – Eckpfeiler der kurdischen Diasporen und transnationalen Gemeinschaften
- Andrew Baker, Macroprudential regimes and the politics of social purpose
- Jonas B. Bunte, Sovereign lending after debt relief
- Merve Sancak & Isik D. Özel, When politics gets in the way: domestic coalitions and the making of skill systems
- Matias E. Margulis, Negotiating from the margins: how the UN shapes the rules of the WTO
- Ali Burak Güven, Whither the post-Washington Consensus? International financial institutions and development policy before and after the crisis
- Paul Alexander Haslam, Beyond voluntary: state–firm bargaining over corporate social responsibilities in mining
- A.J.R. Groom: An Academic Tribute
- Andrew Williams & Stephen Chan, AJRG: A Tribute
- Bertrand Badie, Toward a Theory of Weakness Politics: Does Weakness Rule the World?
- Stephen Chan, No More “Local” Insurrection or Terrorism: The Dark Side of the Cobweb
- Andrew Williams, Charles de Gaulle: The Warrior as Statesman
- Georgios Kostakos, About Form and Function: An Overview and Typology of UN Reforms Since the 1990s
- Edward Newman, The EU Global Strategy in a Transitional International Order
- Vivienne Jabri, Conflict and the Cosmopolitan Liberalism of the “World Society” Perspective
- Oliver P. Richmond, Rescuing Peacebuilding? Anthropology and Peace Formation
Thursday, May 24, 2018
- Felix Lange, The dream of a völkisch colonial empire: international law and colonial law during the National Socialist era
- Jessie Hohmann, The Treaty 8 typewriter: tracing the roles of material things in imagining, realising, and resisting colonial worlds
- Richard Joyce, Anarchist international law(yers)? Mapping power and responsibility in international law
- Sofia Stolk, Imagining scenes of mass atrocity from afar: maps and landscapes at the International Criminal Court
- Books etc.
- Dimitri Van Den Meerssche, Scholars in self-estrangement (again): rethinking the law of international organisations
- Tor Krever, Remembering the Russell Tribunal
- Tor Krever, 50 years after Russell: an interview with Tariq Ali
- Angelina Snodgrass Godoy, Finding El Salvador's Disappeared: What the US Files Reveal
- Rebecca Cook, Sir Nigel Rodley's Insights on the Feminist Transformation of the Right of Conscience
- Alexandra Cosima Budabin & Lisa Ann Richey, Advocacy Narratives and Celebrity Engagement: The Case of Ben Affleck in Congo
- Changrok Soh & Seunghyun Nam, Business and Human Rights Case Study of Korean Companies Operating Overseas: Challenges and a New National Action Plan
- Luz Angela Cardona, Horacio Ortiz, & Daniel Vázquez, Corruption and Human Rights: Possible Relations
- Audrey R. Chapman, Lisa Forman, Everaldo Lamprea, & Kajal Khanna, Identifying the Components of a Core Health Services Package from a Human Rights Perspective to Inform Progress Toward Universal Health Coverage
- Christopher R. Rossi, Hauntings, Hegemony, and the Threatened African Exodus from the International Criminal Court
- Mark Lattimer, Two Concepts of Human Rights
- Barbara Oomen, Between Signing and Ratifying: Preratification Politics, the Disability Convention, and the Dutch
- Raymond Debelle, Harald Hinkel, Dominic Johnson, Major (Retired) Philip Lancaster, Linda Melvern, Hans Romkema, Simone Schlindwein, Rebuttal to: "NGO Justice: African Rights as Pseudo-Prosecutor of the Rwandan Genocide," by Luc Reydams
- Luc Reydams, Protesting Too Much: A Response to Linda Melvern et al.
- Eyal Benvenisti & Georg Nolte, Introductory remarks
- Rüdiger Wolfrum, Identifying Community Interests in International Law: Common Spaces and Beyond
- Samantha Besson, Community Interests in International Law: Whose Interests Are They and How Should We Best Identify Them?
- Samantha Besson, Community Interests in the Identification of International Law - With a Special Emphasis on Treaty Interpretation & Customary Law Identification
- Eyal Benvenisti, Community Interests in International Adjudication
- Jan Klabbers, What Role for International Organizations in the Promotion of Community Interests? Reflections on the Ideology of Functionalism
- Georg Nolte, The International Law Commission and Community Interests
- Surabhi Ranganathan, The Law of the Sea and Natural Resources
- Ki-Gab Park, Law on Natural Disasters: From Cooperation to Solidarity?
- Jutta Brunnée, International Environmental Law and Community Interests: Procedural Aspects
- Lorenzo Casini, Cultural Sites Between Nationhood and Mankind
- Christian Tietje & Andrej Lang, Community Interests in World Trade Law
- Stephan Schill & Vladislav Djanic, International Investment Law and Community Interests
- Tania Voon & Andrew Mitchell, Community Interests and the Right to Health in Trade and Investment Law
- Jochen von Bernstorff, 'Community Interests' and the Role of International Law in the Creation of a Global Market for Agricultural Land
- Danai Azaria, Community Interest Obligations in International Energy Law,
- Tsilly Dagan, Community Interests in International Taxation
- Tally Kritzman-Amir, Community Interests in International Migration and Refugee Law
- Francesca Bignami & Giorgio Resta, Human Rights Extraterritoriality: The Right to Privacy and National Security Surveillance
- Ralph Wilde, Socioeconomic Rights, Extraterritorially
- August Reinisch, Human Rights Extraterritoriality: Controlling Companies Abroad
- Enzo Cannizarro, Common Interests of Humankind and the International Regulation of the Use of Force
- Janina Dill, 'The Rights and Obligations of Parties to International Armed Conflicts': From Bilateralism but Not Towards Community Interest?
- Heike Krieger, Rights and Obligations of Third Parties in Armed Conflicts
The law on the use of force in relation to the maintenance of international peace remains one of the most important areas of international law and international relations to date. Rather than simply provide another factual account of the law in this area, this detailed and analytical book seeks to explore its normative aspects.
Rooted in public international law, the book provides insight into the historical evolution and sociological environment of this particular branch of law. The competences and practice of the UN and of regional organizations in maintaining peace are examined before the focus is shifted to the inter-State level, the main non-use of force rule and its claimed or recognized exceptions. Robert Kolb analyses each of these rules separately, before concluding with insightful reflections on the current state-of-play and considerations for future developments.
Quel est le rôle que joue le droit international sur les différentes sociétés du monde? Quels sont ses effets sur les différents rapports de domination et d’exploitation qui traversent et structurent ces sociétés? Doit-il être envisagé comme étant davantage favorable aux groupes dominants ou aux subalternes? Ces derniers devraient-ils en faire leur principale arme de combat contre les différentes formes de subordination, ou ne devrait-il être utilisé que dans certaines circonstances bien stratégiques? C’est, entre autres, à ces questions que cet ouvrage propose des hypothèses.
Cherchant notamment à radicaliser le vocabulaire utilisé par les internationalistes critiques, ce livre a comme objectif de théoriser les effets provoqués par le droit international sur les rapports entre les groupes dominants et subalternes des différentes sociétés du monde. Plus spécifiquement, il cherche à comprendre son rôle sur la reproduction, la légitimation, la contestation et la transformation des systèmes de rapports sociaux de subordination que sont le capitalisme, le patriarcat, le racisme et l’impérialisme, systèmes qui constituent les matrices de subordination de ces sociétés. Essentiellement, il estime que ces effets se produisent lors de quatre moments distincts, à savoir lorsque le droit structure la société internationale, par exemple en l’organisant territorialement en États souverains et formellement égaux; lorsque ses règles et ses institutions sont utilisées de manière formelle par les différents acteurs qui sont en mesure de le faire; lorsqu’il constitue un facteur influençant les différentes formations idéologiques du monde; puis, enfin, lorsqu’il est utilisé comme langue permettant de défendre légitimement des prétentions politiques.
L’ambition de ce livre est de montrer que de par sa structure, le droit international constitue un outil extrêmement puissant pour favoriser la reproduction et la légitimation des rapports sociaux de subordination. Bien sûr, il contient aussi des règles, des institutions et des régimes qui sont perçus comme étant des outils de résistance et des propositions de projets d’émancipation pour les subalternes et est régulièrement utilisé comme tels. Dans ces derniers cas toutefois, il y a lieu de convenir que ce qu’il propose en matière de résistance et d’émancipation n’outrepasse jamais ce qui est tolérable par les dominants.
Wednesday, May 23, 2018
- Vincent Bernard, Migration and displacement: Humanity with its back to the wall
- “All I want is to know”: Testimonies of the families of missing migrants in Zimbabwe
- Interview with Filippo Grandi: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
- Vicki Mau, Mobilising the Movement: Australian Red Cross, migration, and the role of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement around humanitarian response
- Debbie Busler, British Red Cross response to young migrants in Calais, France
- Arnaldo Ponce & Norma Archila, Assistance for and protection of migrants: Experience of the Honduran Red Cross
- Displacement in Nigeria: Scenes from the northeast
- Elena Isayev, Between hospitality and asylum: A historical perspective on displaced agency
- Stéphanie Le Bihan, Addressing the protection and assistance needs of migrants: The ICRC approach to migration
- Helen Obregón Gieseken, The protection of migrants under international humanitarian law
- Sebastien Moretti & Tiziana Bonzon, Some reflections on the IFRC's approach to migration and displacement
- Ben Hayes, Migration and data protection: Doing no harm in an age of mass displacement, mass surveillance and “big data”
- Pavle Kilibarda, Obligations of transit countries under refugee law: A Western Balkans case study
- Faye Donnelly, In the name of (de)securitization: Speaking security to protect migrants, refugees and internally displaced persons?
- Adama Dieng, Protecting internally displaced persons: The value of the Kampala Convention as a regional example
- Angela Cotroneo, Specificities and challenges of responding to internal displacement in urban settings
- Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Katja Lindskov Jacobsen, & Sean Martin McDonald, Do no harm: A taxonomy of the challenges of humanitarian experimentation
- Note on migration and the principle of non-refoulement: ICRC, 2018
- ICRC policy paper on immigration detention
- Translating the Kampala Convention into practice: A stocktaking exercise
This paper discusses an important legal issue raised by the United States in its recent attempt to block the reappointment of an Appellate Body member. According to the US, in some of his decisions, the member has made overreaching findings that amount to obiter dicta. As obiter dictum is a unique concept in the Common Law system, the US argument may only stand if the concept may be found in the WTO legal system as well. With a careful analysis of the concept of dicta in Common Law and a close examination of the effects of past panel and Appellate Body decisions in WTO dispute settlement, the paper rejects the US argument by refuting each of the three premises of the US argument, i.e., the WTO legal system based on Common Law; WTO follows stare decisis; and the WTO has rules against dicta. In addition to original contributions on the nature of the WTO dispute settlement system in theory, the article also provides some practical advice on how the controversy may be resolved.
The proper construction of co-perpetration responsibility in international criminal law has become one of the most enduring controversies in this field, with the UN Tribunals endorsing the theory of joint criminal enterprise, and the International Criminal Court adopting the alternative joint control over the crime theory to define this mode of liability. This book seeks to reconcile the ICTY/R’s and ICC’s jurisprudence by providing a definition of co-perpetration that could be uniformly applied in the two justice models that these institutions represent: the ad hoc- and the treaty-based model. An evaluation framework is adopted, pursuant to which the origins, merits and deficiencies of the said competing theories are critically assessed, and a refined legal framework of co-perpetration responsibility is proposed.
- Exclusions and its Critics: Southern Narratives of International Law
- Michelle Ratton Sanchez Bandin, Fabio Costa Morosini, & Arthur Roberto Capella Giannattasio, Editorial
- Martti Koskenniemi, Entre a apologia e a utopia: a política do Direito Internacional
- Martti Koskenniemi, A política do Direito Internacional: 20 anos depois
- Bhupinder S. Chimni, Abordagens Terceiro-Mundistas para o Direito Internacional: um manifesto
- Salem Hikmat Nasser & José Garcez Ghirardi, Around the Pyramid: Political-Theoretical Challenges to Law in the Age of Global Governance
- Camila Villard Duran, Voice and Exit: How Emerging Powers are Promoting Institutional Changes in the International Monetary System
- German Medardo Sandoval Trigo, La libre autodeterminación de los pueblos en el siglo XXI: una mirada del Derecho Internacional por una apropiación de la historia del colonialismo y el neo-colonialismo desde los pueblos del Tercer Mundo
- Douglas Castro & Bruno Pegorari, The International Institutions as Promoters of Systemic and Symbolic Violence – Feminist Approach to the Climate Change Regime
- Tatiana de A. F. R. Cardoso Squeff & Marina de Almeida Rosa, Jus Cogens: an European Concept? An Emancipatory Conceptual Review from the Inter-American System of Human Rights
- Marcos Vinício Chein Feres & João Vitor de Freitas Moreira, O conhecimento tradicional relacionado ao complexo do curare e a legislação internacional sobre propriedade intelectual
- Artigos sobre outros temas
- Victor Alencar Mayer Feitosa Ventura, Revisiting the Critique Against Territorialism in the Law of the Sea: Brazilian State Practice in Light of the Concepts of Creeping Jurisdiction and Spoliative Jurisdiction
- Vanessa Wendhausen Cavallazzi, Patrícia Perrone Campos Mello, & Raony Soares, Educação superior intercultural, reconhecimento e redistribuição: o duro caminho dos povos indígenas no Equador
- Fernanda Volpon & Marilda Rosado de Sá Ribeiro, Desafios da governança energética global e a participação do BRICS na construção de um novo paradigma energético
- Alberto Amaral Júnior & Aline Pereira de Carvalho Heringer, A Hermeneutical Analysis on the Recognition of China as a Market Economy After 2016
- Sarah Myers Raben, The ISIS Eradication of Christians and Yazidis: Human Trafficking, Genocide, and the Missing International Efforts to Stop It
- Cecilia M. Bailliet, The Strategic Prudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights - Rejection of Requests for an Advisory Opinion
- Rafael Carrano Lelis & Gabriel Coutinho Galil, Direito Internacional Monocromático: Previsão e Aplicação Dos Direitos LGBTI Na Ordem Internacional
Conference: Ethical Leadership in International Organizations: Concepts, Narratives, Judgment and Assessment
International organizations were once expected to guarantee the ‘salvation of mankind’, but have increasingly come to be questioned. On the one hand, waves of populism, nationalism and isolationism threaten the stability of the international legal order and the capacity of international organizations to address policy dilemmas. On the other hand, those policy dilemmas keep piling up. The influx of refugees, climate change, the increase in global inequality and poverty – these are only some examples.
Within this context it can be claimed that what is needed is global cooperation and leadership, at a time when the mission and capacities of international organizations may be at risk. And yet, the latter are often accused of corruption, embezzlement, externalities, political capture, mal-functioning, poor performance and so on. International organizations are necessary but, so it seems, they cannot be trusted.
The premise underlying this conference is that one way to respond to the crisis of governance is to go beyond legal responsibility, codes of conduct or effectiveness-type of discourses and focus instead on ethical leadership in international organizations. Within this context, the quest for ethical leadership in international organizations provides a platform for normative and policy reconsiderations.
To what extent can the ethical standing of individuals and organizations provide an answer to the current predicament? And if this is a credible response, then how can ethical leadership be conceptualized, what are the sources of inspiration and finally, how can it be assessed?
The conference aims to address the main proposition via an interdisciplinary approach put into practice through four sessions. The first session provides a conceptual framework through the examination of questions such as the relationship between politics and ethics; individual and organizational ethics; private and public morality and virtuous judgment. The second session develops a narrative approach through anthropologies of international institutions and units (including their officials) as well as biographical accounts, historical and legal, of international leaders and their teams. The third session places us in the middle of ethical choices and dilemmas by people with first-hand experience. The cases deal with the crusade against the WHO’s series of scandals and incidents; FIFA’s Governance Panel; and the ethical dilemmas while drafting the Global Compacts on migration and refugees. After imagining, narrating and confronting ethical leadership in international organizations, the fourth session addresses the vital question of how to assess and distinguish between good and bad narratives, visions and choices. It includes theoretical discussions on accountability and responsibility as well as more quantitative takes on indicators and their critics.
The workshop purports to become a "laboratory of dilemmas" on ethical leadership, not confined to a theoretical, abstract level but also dealing with concrete cases and policy propositions.
- Chinese Society of International Law, The South China Sea Arbitration Awards: A Critical Study
- Safe Areas as a Response to Humanitarian Crises?
- Daniel Jacob & Stefano Recchia, Introduction: Safe Areas as a Response to Humanitarian Crises?
- Phil Orchard, The Emergence of Safe Areas and the Role of Normative Contingency
- Daniel Jacob, Safe Areas and the Responsibility to Protect
- Rutger Birnie & Jennifer Welsh, Displacement, Protection and Responsibility: A Case for Safe Areas
- Stefano Recchia, The Paradox of Safe Areas in Ethnic Civil Wars
- The European Union as a Global Actor in the Arctic Ocean
- Claudia Cinelli, Introduction
- Joaquín Alcaide-Fernández, The European Union, the Arctic, and International Law
- Robin Churchill, The European Union as an Actor in the Law of the Sea, with Particular Reference to the Arctic
- Efthymios Papastavridis, Fisheries Enforcement on the High Seas of the Arctic Ocean: Gaps, Solutions and the Potential Contribution of the European Union and Its Member States
- David Langlet, Planning from the Margin—The European Union’s Potential Role in Spatial Planning for Managing Activities in the Marine Arctic
- Natalie Dobson & Seline Trevisanut, Climate Change and Energy in the Arctic—The Role of the European Union
- Martin Hennig, The Untouchable Nature of the ‘EU Seal Regime’—Is the European Union Liable for the Damages Suffered by the Canadian Inuit Due to the Violation of WTO Law in EC—Seal Products?
- Elise Johansen, The EU Influence on Norwegian Domestic Legislation for the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment
- The Rome Statute at Twenty: Enhancing Efficiency and Effectiveness at the International Criminal Court
- Hirad Abtahi & Rebecca Young, Introduction. The Rome Statute at Twenty: Enhancing Efficiency and Effectiveness at the International Criminal Court
- Hirad Abtahi & Shehzad Charania, Expediting the ICC Criminal Process: Striking the Right Balance between the ICC and States Parties
- Philipp Ambach, Performance Indicators for International(ised) Criminal Courts – Potential for Increase of an Institution’s Legacy or ‘Just’ a Means of Budgetary Control?
- Osvaldo Zavala, The Budgetary Efficiency of the International Criminal Court
- Sam Sasan Shoamanesh, Institution Building: Perspective from within the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court
- William St-Michel, Chloé Grandon, & Marlene Yahya Haage, Strengthening the Role of Defence at the International Criminal Court: Reflections on How Defence is and Can Be Supported for Greater Effectiveness and Efficiencies
- Mikel Delagrange, The Path towards Greater Efficiency and Effectiveness in the Victim Application Processes of the International Criminal Court
- Renan Villacis, Working Methods of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute
Prevention is recognized as a cornerstone of international environmental law, but this principle remains abstract and elusive in terms of exactly what is required of states to prevent environmental harm. In this illuminating work, Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli addresses this issue by offering a systematic, comprehensive assessment in which she clarifies the rationale, content, and scope of the prevention principle while also placing it in a wider legal context. The book offers a detailed analysis of treaty law, custom codification works, and case law before culminating in a conceptualization of prevention based on three definitional traits: 1. Its anticipatory rationale; 2. Its due diligence content; and 3. Its wide spatial scope to protect the environment as a whole. This book should be read by anyone seeking to understand the evolving principle of prevention in international environmental law, and how it increasingly shares common ground with reparation in the arena of compliance control.
War, Law and Crime. Legal Histories of the Second World War and its Aftermath, a two-day workshop organised by Lily Chang and Franziska Exeler, will bring together historians who are interested in new approaches to legal histories of war. By focusing on the Second World War and its aftermath, the workshop will examine the intersection of law and war, as well as its postwar consequences. This will include explorations into the history of international criminal law, war crimes prosecution, and the creation of new legal systems and institutions, but also questions of retribution and reparation, political uses of law, and the manifold and conflicting understandings of ‘justice’ in the aftermath of war and occupation.