Monday, September 26, 2016

Sinclair: International Social Reform and the Invention of Development

Guy Fiti Sinclair (Victoria Univ. of Wellington - Law) has posted International Social Reform and the Invention of Development. Here's the abstract:
This paper challenges the standard narrative of the ‘birth’ or ‘invention’ of development, which depicts development as primarily an American invention of the decade following World War II, forged by US policy makers in the context of the Cold War and decolonization. in contrast, the account presented in this paper focuses on the sources of development thinking in the international social reform movement of the early twentieth century. In particular, the paper focuses on the European discourses of social reform and social law that arose in the nineteenth century and were promoted vigorously after World War I by the International Labor Organization (ILO). As this paper shows, the ILO's special contribution to the emergence of development stemmed from its efforts to apply a European model of social government to non-European societies, in both colonial and postcolonial settings; and from its work on scientific management, rationalization, and economic and social planning, at both a national and an international level. Moreover, the ILO was an important vector for transmitting these discourses and practices into the postwar United Nations system.

New Issue: Journal of International Economic Law

The latest issue of the Journal of International Economic Law (Vol. 19, no. 3, September 2016) is out. Contents include:
  • General Articles
    • Wolfgang Alschner & Dmitriy Skougarevskiy, Mapping the Universe of International Investment Agreements
    • Gabriel Gari, Is the WTO's Approach to International Standards on Services Outdated?
    • Maria Anna Corvaglia, Public Procurement and Private Standards: Ensuring Sustainability Under the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement
    • Han-Wei Liu & Shin-Yi Peng, Managing Trade Conflicts in the ICT Industry: A Case Study of EU–Greater China Area
    • Ines Willemyns, Disciplines on State-Owned Enterprises in International Economic Law: Are We Moving in the Right Direction?
    • Moshe Hirsch, Explaining Compliance and Non-Compliance with ICSID Awards: The Argentine Case Study and a Multiple Theoretical Approach
    • Catarina Fernandes, Jorge Farinha, Francisco Vitorino Martins, & Cesario Mateus, Determinants of European Banks’ Bailouts Following the 2007–2008 Financial Crisis

Conference: Making International Economic Law Work: Integrating Disciplines and Broadening Policy Choices

On September 30-October 1, 2016, the American Society of International Law's International Economic Law Interest Group will hold its biennial conference at the Georgetown University Law Center. The theme is: "Making International Economic Law Work: Integrating Disciplines and Broadening Policy Choices." The program is here. Here's the idea:

From a research agenda perspective, we hope to foster a reflection on what international economic law as a discipline might look like when research focuses on the reality of blurred boundaries between the traditional fields of trade, investment, tax, finance and monetary law. From a policy perspective, we hope to explore the implications of legal imports from one field into another, how legal and policy options might be expanded in the face of converging trade, investment and financial law, as well as through emerging private and public-private sorts of ordering. Because the blurring boundaries have created challenges as well as opportunities, we also look forward to proposals identifying chasms and tensions that need to be addressed.

Illustrative Themes:

  • Cross-fertilization opportunities between trade, monetary and finance law: How does monetary law impact trade and finance, and vice-versa?
  • Soft law in international economic law: Are there lessons to be drawn from financial regulation for trade and investment?
  • How does regionalism shape and challenge international economic law?
  • Dispute resolution in the face of trade and investment treaty convergence: What are the opportunities and challenges raised by recent innovations? Is a unified system possible or desirable?
  • International economic law and systemic risk
  • Public-private partnerships in international economic law

Négri: La diversité dans la gouvernance internationale

Vincent Négri (Université Senghor d'Alexandrie - Law) has published La diversité dans la gouvernance internationale : Perspectives culturelles, écologiques et juridiques (Bruylant 2016). Contents include:
  • Geneviève Koubi, Diversité culturelle et protection de la diversité des expressions culturelles
  • Isabelle Schulte-Tenckhoff, La Déclaration des Nations unies sur les droits des peuples autochtones : prétexte à quelques réflexions sur les usages de la diversité culturelle
  • Vincent Négri, Dynamiques de la diversité dans la Convention-cadre du Conseil de l’Europe sur la valeur du patrimoine culturel pour la société
  • Isabelle Michallet, Figures de la biodiversité La notion de diversité biologique en droit international
  • Sandrine Maljean-Dubois, La Convention de Rio sur la diversité biologique
  • Riccardo Pavoni, Droit du commerce international et biodiversité après le Protocole de Nagoya
  • Geoffroy Filoche, Savoirs traditionnels et biodiversité : de l’enchevêtrement des enjeux aux aménagements du droit
  • Pierre-André Loizeau, Partager et conserver la diversité botanique
  • Tullio Scovazzi, La diversité, paradigme du droit international ? La diversité comme paradigme du droit international – Une notion en discussion
  • Pierre-Marie Dupuy, La diversité comme nouveau paradigme du droit international ?

Besson: Concurrent Responsibilities under the European Convention on Human Rights

Samantha Besson (University of Fribourg - Law) has posted Concurrent Responsibilities under the European Convention on Human Rights: The Concurrence of Human Rights Jurisdictions, Duties and Responsibilities (in The European Convention on Human Rights and General International Law, Anne van Aaken & Iulia Motoc eds., forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
After pertaining for a long time to its notion, conditions and related duties, the debate about jurisdiction, territorial or extraterritorial, in the ECHR has now reached the issue of its normative implications for States’ duties and responsibilities in circumstances where many States exercise concurrent jurisdiction at the same time. In response to this new challenge, the present chapter discusses how one should articulate the concurrent effective control and hence jurisdictions of different States; how one should specify and allocate their concurrent duties stemming from this concurrence of jurisdiction; and, finally, how one should attribute and then allocate their concurrent responsibilities when concurrent duties have been violated. Thereby, the chapter also contributes to the disentanglement of distinct issues whose relationship to the elusive notion of State ‘control’ has often led the ECtHR to conflate in its case-law on State responsibility. More generally, it shows how much the ECtHR’s practice has promoted and could promote even further the development of the still largely underexplored regime of concurrent or ‘shared’ responsibility in general international law.

Sunday, September 25, 2016

McGarry: Nicaragua's Impacts on Optional Clause Practice

Brian McGarry (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies) has posted Nicaragua's Impacts on Optional Clause Practice (in Nicaragua Before the International Court of Justice: Impacts on International Law, Edgardo Sobenes & Benjamin Samson eds., forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
As we mark 30 years since Nicaragua prevailed in a watershed case before the ICJ, it is worth noting that Nicaragua’s practice under the Optional Clause of the ICJ Statute has coincided with rising numbers of declarations in force and applications instituting proceedings on that basis. The combined creativity of Nicaragua and the Court has propelled those trends by refining the international legal community’s understanding of this conceptually challenging provision of the Statute. In particular, Nicaragua v. United States has influenced the complexity of reservations and conditions in States’ declarations, as well as parties’ argumentative tactics in subsequent disputes. The present paper reviews the Court’s treatment in that case of the history and features of Article 36(2) of its Statute, assesses the theoretical, jurisprudential, and diplomatic consequences of those decisions, and investigates questions which Nicaragua has posed but not resolved during three decades of Optional Clause practice. The author concludes that the Nicaraguan cases have invigorated this jurisdictional mechanism—and thus the maintenance of international peace and security—beyond what might reasonably be expected from a more rigid system of compulsory dispute settlement.

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Kanetake & Cai: Chinese and Japanese Perspectives on UN Sanctions

Machiko Kanetake (Utrecht Univ. - Law) & Cai Congyan (Xiamen Univ. - Law) have posted Chinese and Japanese Perspectives on UN Sanctions (in Research Handbook on UN Sanctions and International Law, Larissa van den Herik ed., forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
This chapter analyzes how the methodological transition of the UN Security Council’s sanctions regimes has necessitated, as well as justified, greater changes in domestic law. This chapter examines the cases of two East Asian countries, the People’s of Republic of China (PRC) and Japan. The combined efforts to depict the two countries’ political and legal positions highlight the relevance of domestic political and legal contexts in ensuring the implementation of the UN Security Council’s international sanctions.

Friday, September 23, 2016

Bartels: The UK's Status in the WTO after Brexit

Lorand Bartels (Univ. of Cambridge - Law) has posted The UK's Status in the WTO after Brexit. Here's the abstract:
It has become conventional wisdom that once the UK leaves the EU it will have to renegotiate core aspects of its WTO rights and obligations, and in particular its concessions under Article II of the GATT 1994 and Article XX of the GATS. This article argues that, on the contrary, based on WTO law, GATT 1947 practice, and the rules of state succession, the position of the UK within the WTO will not change at all. First, the UK is already a full WTO member with full multilateral WTO rights and obligations, even if its commitments are set out in the EU's schedules. What will change after Brexit is simply that the exercise of these rights, and the assumption of responsibility (ie attribution) of these obligations will revert from the EU to the WTO. What remains is to identify these rights and obligations. This is straightforward for rights and obligations that apply erga omnes partes to WTO Members. It is more difficult to identify the UK's obligations in relation to tariff rate quotas and agricultural subsidies. However, this can be done, and, it is submitted, the UK is also entitled to submit a new schedule for certification as a 'change' not amounting to a 'modification' of its schedule. Any objections will, ultimately, have to be resolved in dispute settlement proceedings, where it is likely that, with properly designed schedules, the UK will prevail. This article also argues against the relevance of the territorial application clause in the EU and EU Member State GATS schedule, in light of customary international law on state succession, and contends, finally, that the UK is entitled to succeed to the Government Procurement Agreement as concluded by the EU in respect of UK covered entities.

Call for Submissions: BYBIL Symposium on "The Iraq Inquiry Report"

The British Yearbook of International Law has issued a call for submissions for a symposium on "The Iraq Inquiry Report," which will be featured in its 2016 volume. Here's the call:

CALL FOR PAPERS FOR A SYMPOSIUM

The Iraq Inquiry Report

The 2016 volume of the British Yearbook of International Law will feature a symposium examining the systemic issues that arise from the Iraq Inquiry Report on questions of international law, government and military decision-making, responsibility and accountability and the conduct of British foreign relations. By way of example, potential lines of inquiry could include (but are not limited to) an examination of

  • the implications of the Report’s findings for the legality of the 2003 invasion of Iraq;
  • the consequences/effect of the absence of direct consideration of international law in the Report (what does this tell us (if anything) about the role of domestic inquiries and of international law?);
  • the differences between the Report and reports prepared in other states dealing with some or all of the same issues, possibly including reflection on the disparate treatment of public international law;
  • the ways in which ‘state intelligence’ is handled by both those charged with making a decision on whether to deploy armed forces and by the authors of the Report itself;
  • the relationship between policy and law evinced by the Inquiry and the Report;
  • how decisions were made in the lead up to the final decision to deploy armed forces in Iraq – what lessons can be drawn for decisionmaking processes and foreign policy?
  • how international lawyers – scholars, judges, practitioners and legal advisers – should approach questions of state decision-making in light of the Report, and the potential implications for analysing state practice in international law;
  • whether the inquiry process has achieved some form of ‘responsibility’: what is the likely effect of the Report in securing responsibility and accountability? (Both concepts to be broadly defined.) What does the Inquiry process/Report tell us about how a state deals with the fact that it may have breached international law? Does the domestic inquiry process help to secure accountability, or does it obscure/diffuse it?
  • the dynamic between the focus on specific individuals in the Report (and the public perception that such individuals should be held accountable) and the notion of state – i.e. collective – responsibility?

SUBMISSION PROCESS

Abstracts of 500–1000 words are to be sent to the Assistant Editors at BritishYearbookIL@gmail.com by 17:00 GMT on 9 December 2016.

Authors considering a submission are encouraged to contact the Editors-in-Chief:

Professor Catherine Redgwell
catherine.redgwell@law.ox.ac.uk and
Professor Eyal Benvenisti
eb653@cam.ac.uk

or the Assistant Editors:
BritishYearbookIL@gmail.com
informally to discuss the scope of their submission.

The Editorial Team will conduct an initial review of abstracts and advise authors of their decisions by the end of January 2017.

Full papers will then be due by 1 June 2017, via the ScholarOne system, with the final decision of publication made after an editorial review. Full papers should be between 8,000 and 10,000 words (inclusive of footnotes), in the style preferred by the Yearbook.

Full papers will be released online under the Advance Access scheme once editing is complete, and the hard copy volume will appear in 2017.

Lauterpacht Centre Friday Lunchtime Lecture Series for Michaelmas Term 2016

Here's the schedule for the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law's Michaelmas Term 2016 Friday Lunchtime Lectures:
  • October 7, 2016: Gerry Simpson (LSE), Cold war international law
  • October 14, 2016: Mamadou Hébié (Leiden Univ.), Territorial sovereignty by treaty: a study of the agreements between colonial powers and local political entities
  • October 21, 2016: Rita Kesselring (Basel Univ.), Victimhood, law and the body
  • October 28, 2016: Christine Chinkin (LSE), International law and women, peace and security (Q&A session)
  • November 4, 2016: Adam Branch (Univ. of Cambridge), After the ICC? The politics and possibilities of an African Criminal Court
  • November 11, 2016: Jure Vidmar (Maastricht Univ.), Legal capacity, state responsibility, and the use of force
  • November 18, 2016: Doreen Lustig (Tel Aviv Univ.), Late 19th-century international law: between facilitation and constraint
  • November 25, 2016: William Magnuson (Texas A&M Univ.), Unilateral regulation of global corporate problems
  • December 2, 2016: Jan Wouters (KU Leuven), Brussels meets Westphalia: the EU in the United Nations

Devaney: Fact-Finding before the International Court of Justice

James Gerard Devaney (Univ. of Glasgow - Law) has published Fact-Finding before the International Court of Justice (Cambridge Univ. Press 2016). Here's the abstract:
Fact-Finding before the International Court of Justice examines a number of significant recent criticisms of the way in which the ICJ deals with facts. The book takes the position that such criticisms are warranted and that the ICJ's current approach to fact-finding falls short of adequacy, both in cases involving abundant, particularly complex or technical facts, and in those involving a scarcity of facts. The author skilfully examines how other courts such as the WTO and inter-State arbitrations conduct fact-finding and makes a number of select proposals for reform, enabling the ICJ to address some of the current weaknesses in its approach. The proposals includes, but are not limited to, the development of a power to compel the disclosure of information, greater use of provisional measures, and a clear strategy for the use of expert evidence.

Thursday, September 22, 2016

Mann: Humanity at Sea: Maritime Migration and the Foundations of International Law

Itamar Mann (Univ. of Haifa - Law) has published Humanity at Sea: Maritime Migration and the Foundations of International Law (Cambridge Univ. Press 2016). Here's the abstract:
This interdisciplinary study engages law, history, and political theory in a first attempt to crystallize the lessons the global 'refugee crisis' can teach us about the nature of international law. It connects the dots between the actions of Jewish migrants to Palestine after WWII, Vietnamese 'boatpeople', Haitian refugees seeking to reach Florida, Middle Eastern migrants and refugees bound to Australia, and Syrian refugees currently crossing the Mediterranean, and then legal responses by states and international organizations to these movements. Through its account of maritime migration, the book proposes a theory of human rights modelled around an encounter between individuals in which one of the parties is at great risk. It weaves together primary sources, insights from the work of twentieth-century thinkers such as Hannah Arendt and Emmanuel Levinas, and other legal materials to form a rich account of an issue of increasing global concern.

Call for Papers: Transnational and International Environmental Crime: Synergies, Priorities and Challenges

The Lincoln Centre for Environmental Law and Justice at the University of Lincoln has issued a call for papers for a symposium on "Transnational and International Environmental Crime: Synergies, Priorities and Challenges." Here's the call:

Transnational and International Environmental Crime: Synergies, Priorities and Challenges

*** CALL FOR PAPERS ***

One-Day Symposium
Wednesday 15 February 2017
University of Lincoln, UK

The September 2016 Policy Paper on Case Selection and Prioritisation published by the Office of the ICC Prosecutor (OTP) indicating a willingness to investigate “Rome Statute crimes that are committed by means of, or that result in, inter alia, the destruction of the environment, the illegal exploitation of natural resources or the illegal dispossession of land” (para 41) is a timely reminder as to the devastating, global and human impact of environmental crime. Of course, the scope of ICC jurisdiction over such crime is limited and the thresholds required likely to be equally onerous. Nevertheless, it reflects a growing imperative; as the 2016 UNEP-Interpol Report, The Rise of Environmental Crime, noted: “Environmental crime is vastly expanding and increasingly endangering not only wildlife populations but entire ecosystems, sustainable livelihoods and revenue streams to governments” (p.7). Moreover, the UN Security Council has also recognised the complex links between poaching, wildlife trafficking and threats to international peace and security (see, for instance, UNSC Res 2134 (2014) (Central African Republic) and 2136 (2014) (Democratic Republic of Congo)).

This one-day symposium hosted by the Lincoln Centre for Environmental Law and Justice, University of Lincoln, UK will explore transnational environmental crime, the possibility for investigation and prosecution under the Rome Statute, and other legal and administrative responses to environmental harm. It will reflect the nuanced interplay between individual, corporate and sometimes State interests in environmental harm and the commission of “environmental crime” – a term itself which requires further clarification and is open to contestation. Not all environmental harm, for instance, is appropriately criminalised or viewed as requiring criminal sanctions. Land-grabbing, for instance, is a highly emotive subject, but the contours of its illegality and its contribution to other illegal acts (eg. crimes against humanity) is far from clear.

Papers are encouraged on the general themes, as well as on particular environmental crimes (eg illegal logging, illegal fishing wildlife poaching, illegal shipments of hazardous waste). The symposium will actively consider prosecutorial strategy, international strategies for cooperation, the role of the Rome Statute in environmental crime, and the nature and status of victims in environmental crimes. As the Policy Paper on Case Selection itself suggests, not all serious crimes under national law will be, or can be, selected for OTP investigation and prosecution but nonetheless it is desirable that such criminal systems operate in a complementary manner “to combat impunity” (para 7).

To submit your paper for the event, e-mail a title and a 300 word abstract to Centre Co-Director Prof. Matthew Hall at the University of Lincoln at mhall@lincoln.ac.uk (@profmatthewhall)

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Benton & Ford: Rage for Order: The British Empire and the Origins of International Law, 1800–1850

Lauren Benton (Vanderbilt Univ. - History and Law) & Lisa Ford (Univ. of New South Wales - History) have published Rage for Order: The British Empire and the Origins of International Law, 1800–1850 (Harvard Univ. Press 2016). Here's the abstract:

International law burst on the scene as a new field in the late nineteenth century. Where did it come from? Rage for Order finds the origins of international law in empires—especially in the British Empire’s sprawling efforts to refashion the imperial constitution and use it to order the world in the early part of that century.

Lauren Benton and Lisa Ford uncover the lost history of Britain’s global empire of law in colonial conflicts and bureaucratic dispatches rather than legal treatises and case law. Tracing constitutional politics around the world, Rage for Order shows that attempts to refashion the British imperial constitution touched on all the controversial issues of the day, from slavery to revolution. Scandals in turbulent colonies targeted petty despots and augmented the power of the Crown to intervene in the administration of justice. Campaigns to police piracy and slave trading linked British interests to the stability of politically fragmented regions. Dull bureaucrats dominated legal reform, but they did not act in isolation. Indigenous peoples, slaves, convicts, merchants, and sailors all scrambled to play a part in reordering the empire and the world beyond it. Yet, through it all, legal reform focused on promoting order, not advancing human rights or charting liberalism.

Rage for Order maps a formative phase in world history when imperial, not international, law anchored visions of global order. This sweeping story changes the way we think about the legacy of the British Empire and the meaning of international law today.

Conference: Humanity’s Common Heritage: The 2016 ICRC Commentary on the First Geneva Convention

On September 23, 2016, the Dean Rusk International Law Center at the University of Georgia School of Law, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law will hold a conference on "Humanity’s Common Heritage: The 2016 ICRC Commentary on the First Geneva Convention." Here's the idea:

Soon after World War II states convened in Switzerland, home of the International Committee of the Red Cross, to adopt the four treaties that today form the core of international humanitarian law. These Geneva Conventions of 1949, coupled with three later-adopted Additional Protocols, aim to regulate the conduct of armed conflict – in particular, to protect from harm civilians and other persons who are not taking part in the conflict.

Under the editorship of noted jurist Jean Pictet, the ICRC published commentaries elaborating on these texts: from 1952 to 1960, commentaries on the Geneva Conventions, and in 1987, commentaries on the first two Additional Protocols. They remain a resource for political leaders and policymakers, lawyers, professors, and judges, and, not least, practitioners of armed conflict. When the passage of time made clear the need to revisit these commentaries, the ICRC began updating the documents under the leadership of Dr. Jean-Marie Henckaerts, ICRC Legal Adviser and an alumnus of the University of Georgia School of Law. The first product of this effort – the 2016 Commentary on Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field – is now online, and soon will appear in print.

In recognition of this milestone, the Georgia Law community will host a day-long conference on the 2016 Commentary and its role in the development, promotion, and implementation of contemporary international humanitarian law. The conference will begin with a public plenary, featuring a keynote address by Dr. Henckaerts as well as a panel of experts who will discuss cutting-edge questions about the waging of war. During afternoon closed sessions, these and other experts will continue this conversation, and also examine issues posed by the ongoing drafting of additional commentary updates.

Rose & Oswald: Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities

Gregory Rose (Univ. of Wollongong - Law) & Bruce Oswald (Univ. of Melbourne - Law) have published Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities: The Future Law (Brill | Nijhoff 2016). Contents include:
  • Gregory Rose & Bruce Oswald, Introduction
  • Emily Crawford, Convergence of Norms across the Spectrum of Armed Conflicts: International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law
  • Sarah McCosker, The Limitations of Legal Reasoning: Negotiating the Relationships between International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law in Detention Situations
  • Jody Prescott, The Convergence of Violence around a Norm: Direct Participation in Hostilities and Its Significance for Detention Standards in Non-International Armed Conflict
  • Chris Jenks, Reimagining the Wheel: Detention and Release of Non-State Actors under the Geneva Conventions
  • Angeline Lewis, The Coalition Provisional Authority for Iraq 2004-2008: Transitioning From Administrative Internment to Criminal Justice Based Detention Operations
  • Paul Cronan, Australian Detention Operations in Afghanistan: Practices and Challenges
  • Linda Dann, Detention in British International Military Operations
  • B.V. Kumar, An Indian Perspective on Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities
  • Dvir Saar & Ben Wahlhaus, Preventive Detention for National Security Purposes: The Three Facets of the Israeli Experience
  • Bill Lietzau, U.S. Detention of Terrorists in the 21st Century
  • Mark Dakers, NATO Responsibility for Detention
  • Bruce Oswald, Information and Notification concerning Detention in Non-International Armed Conflicts
  • Thomas Winkler, Copenhagen Process Principles and Guidelines for Detention - Legal and Political Challenges
  • Katarina Grenfell, Detention in United Nations Peace Operations
  • Gregory Rose, Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities – Recommendations for Future Law

Fripp: Nationality and Statelessness in the International Law of Refugee Status

Eric Fripp (Lamb Building, Temple) has published Nationality and Statelessness in the International Law of Refugee Status (Hart Publishing 2016). Here's the abstract:
International refugee law anticipates state conduct in relation to nationality, statelessness, and protection. Refugee status under the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees 1951 and regional and domestic instruments referring to it can be fully understood only against the background of international laws regarding nationality, statelessness, and the consequences of national status or the lack of it. In this significant addition to the literature a leading practitioner in these fields examines, in the light of international law, key issues regarding refugee status including identification of 'the country of his nationality', concepts of 'effective nationality', and the inclusion within 'persecution' of a range of acts or omissions focused on nationality.

New Issue: Journal of International Arbitration

The latest issue of the Journal of International Arbitration (Vol. 33, Special Issue, 2016) is out. Contents include:
  • Holger Hestermeyer, How Brexit Will Happen: A Brief Primer on European Union Law and Constitutional Law Questions Raised by Brexit
  • Michael McIlwrath, An Unamicable Separation: Brexit Consequences for London as a Premier Seat of International Dispute Resolution in Europe
  • Mohamed S. Abdel Wahab, Brexit’s Chilling Effect on Choice of Law and Arbitration in the United Kingdom: Practical Reflections Between Aggravation and Alleviation
  • Sara Masters & Belinda McRae, What Does Brexit Mean for the Brussels Regime?'
  • Kate Davies, Valeriya Kirsey, Anti-Suit Injunctions in Support of London Seated Arbitrations Post-Brexit: Are All Things New Just Well-Forgotten Past?
  • Richard Kreindler, Paul Gilbert, Ricardo Zimbron, Impact of Brexit on UK Competition Litigation and Arbitration
  • Annet van Hooft, Brexit and the Future of Intellectual Property Litigation and Arbitration
  • Markus Burgstaller & Agnieszka Zarowna, Possible Ramifications of the UK’s EU Referendum on Intra- and Extra-EU BITs

Lanovoy: Complicity and its Limits in the Law of International Responsibility

Vladyslav Lanovoy has published Complicity and its Limits in the Law of International Responsibility (Hart Publishing 2016). Here's the abstract:
This book examines the responsibility of States and international organizations for complicity (aid or assistance) in an internationally wrongful act. Despite the recognition of responsibility for complicity as a rule of customary international law by the International Court of Justice, this book argues that the effectiveness and utility of this form of responsibility is fraught with systemic and operational limits. These limits include a lack of clarity in its constituent elements, its co-existence with primary rules prohibiting complicity and the obligations of due diligence, its implementation and the underlying causal tests, its uncertain relationship to other forms of shared and indirect responsibility, and its potential as a form of attribution of conduct. This book submits that the content and elements of this form of responsibility need adjustments to respond more effectively to the phenomenon of complicity in international affairs.

Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Graduate Institute's International Law Literature Forum for Fall 2016

Here's the fall 2016 schedule for the International Law Literature Forum at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies:
  • September 22, 2016: Jutta Brunnée (Univ. of Toronto), International Law and the Practice of Legality: Stability and Change
  • October 19, 2016: Ralph Wilde (Univ. College London), Dilemmas in Promoting Global Economic Justice through Human Rights Law
  • November 17, 2016: Mamadou Hébié (Leiden Univ.), Government Lawyering in International Law and International Relations
  • December 14, 2016: Andrew Lang (London School of Economics), Sociological Approaches to International Legal Scholarship

Asmelash: The G7's Pledge to End Fossil Fuel Subsidies by 2025: Mere Rhetoric or a Sign of Post-Paris Momentum?

Henok Birhanu Asmelash (Bocconi Univ. - Law; Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European, and Regulatory Procedural Law) has posted an ESIL Reflection on The G7's Pledge to End Fossil Fuel Subsidies by 2025: Mere Rhetoric or a Sign of Post-Paris Momentum?

New Volume: Baltic Yearbook of International Law

The latest volume of the Baltic Yearbook of International Law (Vol. 15, 2015) is out. Contents include:
  • The Approaches of Liberal and Illiberal Governments to International Law
    • Jose E. Alvarez, Foreword: Fifty Shades of Gray
    • Bill Bowring, Did the States Which Founded the UN Have Liberal or Illiberal Governments?
    • Maria Varaki, The Second Part of the Ideal Theory of John Rawls in The Law of Peoples Transplanted and Revisited
    • Oleksandr Merezhko, Ideology of Liberalism and International Law
    • John D. Haskell, Will the Real Transitology Please Stand Up?
    • Anna Dolidze, The Non-Native Speakers of International Law: The Case of Russia
    • Isobel Roele, From Illiberal to Incorrigible: A New Strategy for Humanitarian Enforcement Action in Syria
    • Charlotte Steinorth, Russia, the Security Council, and the Return of History
    • Kerttu Mager, Russia’s Illiberal Ideology and Its Influences on the Legislation in the Sphere of Civil and Political Rights
    • Gleb Bogush, Russia and International Criminal Law
    • Leonid Tymchenko, International Legal Norms in the System of the Ukrainian Constitution
    • Phil C.W. Chan, A Critique of Western Discourses of International Law and State Sovereignty through Chinese Lenses
    • Wim Muller, China: an Illiberal, Non-Western State in a Western-centric, Liberal Order?
    • Vladislav Mulyun, Liberalism in International Trade, Illiberalism in Domestic Economic Governance and Human Rights Protection in the Context of the WTO
    • Veronika Bilkova, Symbols of Illiberalism in the World of Liberal States
    • Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias & Anna Śledzińska-Simon, Value Pluralism without the Value of Pluralism? “Homosexual Propaganda” Bans as a Litmus Test for the Acceptance of Liberal and International Human Rights Norms in the Post-Communist States Jernej Letnar Černič, A Glass Half Empty? Execution of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights in Central and Eastern Europe
    • Laura-Maria Crăciunean, “Transplanting” Democracy and Human Rights in a Post-communist Country: Some Comments on the Role of the Venice Commission’s Opinions with Respect to Romania
    • Gerry Simpson, The End of the End of History: Some Epitaphs for Liberalism

Call for Papers: Sixth Annual Junior Faculty Forum for International Law

A call for papers has been issued for the Sixth Annual Junior Faculty Forum for International Law, convened by Dino Kritsiotis (Univ. of Nottingham - Law), Anne Orford (Univ. of Melbourne - Law), and J.H.H. Weiler (New York Univ. - Law). The Sixth Forum will be held at the University of Nottingham on May 8-10, 2017. The closing deadline for applications is December 15, 2016. The full call is here.

Monday, September 19, 2016

Caron & Minas: Conservation or Claim? The Motivations for Recent Marine Protected Areas

David D. Caron (King's College London – Law) & Stephen Minas (King's College London - Law) have posted Conservation or Claim? The Motivations for Recent Marine Protected Areas. Here's the abstract:
The creation of marine protected areas (“MPAs”) has for decades been an important mechanism for the conservation of offshore habitats and biodiversity. In recent years, huge swathes of ocean have been designated for protection as states announced successively larger MPAs. Where maritime territory is disputed, the unilateral declaration of MPAs can arouse suspicions that states have harnessed conservation as a continuation of geopolitics by other means. This paper identifies the combustible interplay between conservation and territorial and strategic competition, with particular reference to, first, the recent arbitration concerning the United Kingdom’s Chagos Archipelago MPA under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and, second, ongoing maritime territorial disputes in the Indo-Pacific region. The paper discusses what happens when states are accused of creating MPAs to serve a hidden agenda. The relationship of marine conservation with territorial competition emerges as a complex one, in which power differentials and strategic conditions are important determinants of state behavior. Moreover, the hard choices inherent in this area of policy will be exacerbated by climate change. The developments discussed in the paper challenge unilateral MPAs as a means of protecting marine ecosystems. As a response, the paper identifies the objective of reducing incentives for states to play geopolitics with conservation.

Waibel: The Principle of Privity

Michael Waibel (Univ. of Cambridge - Law) has posted The Principle of Privity. Here's the abstract:

In Certain German Interests in Polish Upper Silesia, the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) said: 'A treaty only creates law as between the States which are parties to it; in case of doubt, no rights can be deduced from it in favour of third States'. This is the classic statement of the privity, pacta tertiis or parties-only principle in international law. Accordingly, treaties create (enforceable) obligations and rights only for the States parties to them. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) codified the privity principle in its Articles 34, 35, 36 and 37.

As this chapter shows, the PCIJ's axiomatic statement in Certain German Interests almost eighty years ago no longer fully reflects the effect of treaties on third parties in contemporary international law. Since then, the principle of privity of treaty has lost some its sharp edges. The rise of erga omnes obligations and objective, status-creating treaties, the conferral of rights on non-State actors and their ability to directly enforce such rights as well as the turn towards informal international law beyond the law of treaties have tempered the traditional privity rule. However, it would be premature to sound the death knell of privity of treaty. Privity remains an important structural characteristic on the inter-State plane.